The name “donka” in itself unites several types of fishing tackle at once, which have their own names – the donka is the simplest (classic), zakidka, “carousel”, underflow, ringing, “elastic band”, “automatic”, seine and others. The common thing for them is, on the one hand, the simplicity and versatility of using tackle for catching different types of fish, and on the other hand, fishing from the bottom. After all, as you know, the largest fish is caught at great depths.
Homemade donka for fishing, design, cargo selection, making a gatehouse, winter donka for fishing from ice from holes.
If you double the length of the fishing line on the float rod, move the float to the very top of the rod and make the load heavier, the resulting gear will become a prototype of the simplest donka. So, by the way, many floaters also do it, when after high water or rain it is necessary to fish in muddy water or in very strong currents. However, the simplest donka does not require such a long rod: it does not participate either in casting, in hooking, or in catching prey. All these operations are carried out exclusively by the hands of the fisherman. And the float hanging above the water is not the best “watchman” of bites.
The simplest donka consists of a short (up to 1 meter) fishing rod equipped with a reel or reel, a supply of fishing line of 35-50 meters, a sinker and leashes with hooks. A fishing rod is usually made of non-thick wood whip. Its butt end is sharpened so that it is easier to stick into the ground, and a loop is arranged on the top for attaching the fishing line in working condition.
In principle, any bottom tackle can rightfully be considered homemade, as experienced fishers most often collect it themselves. We will not dwell on each stage of the assembly, but consider only a few of them.
Sometimes fishing enthusiasts store donkey fishing line on a reel made of plywood or polystyrene, and a fishing rod is made on the shore from a branch of a willow bush growing here. It is hardly worth encouraging such initiative: after all, the bush will be crippled in vain – after fishing, the cut twig, as a rule, is thrown out as unnecessary. It is more correct to do otherwise – in advance, at home, to make a rod for the donkey from some auxiliary material. Such a fishing rod can last more than one season..
The choice of cargo for the simplest home-made donkey.
The choice of fishing line for the equipment of the simplest donka is not complicated. But when choosing the shape, weight of the cargo and the method of securing it, it is necessary to follow considerations of expediency. For example, if the coastal section of the bottom is gentle, it is hardly worth using a light load. You can’t throw him far, but there is no fish close. On the contrary, a very heavy load is not needed on a lake, pond or river with a weak current. If the bottom is muddy or rocky in the pond, the “pellet” is more practical – a round-shaped load. On a strong current with a sandy bottom, a flat load would be better.
The main material for the manufacture of bottom weights is lead or its compounds. But you can build a sinker for the donkey from clay, oilcake, steel coil springs and even cans from canned food. It is the choice of sinker that has a serious impact on the catchability of this tackle. And a simple piece of lead in this case is not always the best solution..
More efficiently build a sinker-feeder. And the easiest way to make it from ordinary cans. To do this, you will need two cans of different sizes so that they can be inserted one into the other, like a student pencil case. After that, you need to make holes in the walls of the cans and attach a small loop to one of them, for which your sinker-feeder will be attached to the fishing line.
Before throwing inside such a sinker, you need to lay lure, for example porridge. From the thrown into the water, the sinker flushes the current with the crumbs, which attract fish. In principle, such a home-made sinker for bottom tackle can also be made from a small plastic bottle, a film cassette, a plastic medicine jar, etc. containers.
Clay sinker-feeder made of clay.
As a sinker, you can also use a lump of clay. To do this, from a viscous clay to mold a ball the size of a tennis ball. Spread Hercules on a plastic film and roll the ball over it until it is completely covered with cereal flakes. Then make two shallow cuts on the sides of the ball and put a leash in them. You need to stick it so that only very short pieces of leashes with hooks stick out of the ball. Sinker is ready.
Now it, like an ordinary stone, can be thrown to the right place. Attracted by the feed, the fish will approach the tackle, plucking the petals of the Hercules, and together with them will capture the nozzle.
Sinker-feeder for home-made donkey from curlers.
And here is a very simple sinker-feeder made of curlers in manufacture. Take regular plastic curlers. Fasten the lead plate. Curlers can be shortened, and the cells in them, cutting through the partitions, make larger. It is easy to pick up the load in each case, simply by varying the size of the lead weighting plate. If necessary, you can change the diameter of the feeder by cutting the curlers along and sewing with threads or wire.
Sink-feeder from curlers for homemade donka.
The gatehouse for the simplest home-made donkey.
As in a float fishing rod, a float, which is a bite signaling device, is of great importance, so in the bottom fishing rod the gatehouse plays the role of a signaling device. The bell is most often used as a gatehouse. A sensitive gatehouse, as well as its main component – a bell, can be made independently. In this case, the gatehouse will be like a continuation of the fishing rod.
Take a piece of a thin board, cut a reel on it from the side, sharpen the lower end, and make a deep (5-7 cm) hole in the upper thin drill – a nest for the gatehouse. The gatehouse itself is made of elastic steel wire (you can use a bicycle spoke). A bell is attached to its upper end, and a bend is made in the middle to clamp the fishing line. This tackle is light and comfortable. The pointed end of the fishing rod is held securely in the ground, and the bell is sensitive to the slightest touch of the fish on the nozzle.
Donka with a homemade bell guard.
You can try another design of the gatehouse – on a clothespin. To prevent the bell from interfering with fishing line, it can be tied to a separate leash 40-50 cm long. The second end of this leash must be threaded into a hole made in one of the halves of a wooden clothespin and tied in a knot. The clothespin should be fixed on the top of the fishing rod, and the bell on the leash should be thrown over the working part of the main fishing line. Such a device allows the fishing line to move freely through the access ring, and during the cutting, drop the bell so that it does not interfere.
Donka with a homemade bell guard on a clothespin.
Fishing bells of different sizes are sold in sports stores, but their rings better. And you can do it like this. For a 16 gauge brass rifle case, two-thirds of the body must be sawed off. The language of your bell can be a large pellet, a piece of lead or an ordinary nut. The tongue is mounted on a thin wire passed into the hole for the capsule. Outside, on this wire, you should curl a ring for hanging a bell on a fishing line.
Homemade winter donka for fishing from ice from holes.
They catch fish on the bottom tackle not only in summer, but also in winter. As a rule, in ponds where there is a current, zander, pike and large perches are caught on winter docks. Winter donka, like summer, is going on its own. You will need two sinkers: one is light, weighing no more than 5–8 grams, designed to unfurl the tackle with the flow, the other is heavier, weighing up to 25-30 grams, for laying the tackle at the bottom of the pond.
Homemade winter donka for fishing from ice, design.
Both sinkers are sliding, freely moving along the fishing line to the limiters, which can be either lead pellets or snap hooks. Tie three leashes: one at the end of the bottom, below the light sinker, the other two – 30-40 and 60-70 cm above the limiter of the light sinker.
The technique of casting such a winter donka is as follows. Having hooked a bait (a worm, a fry, a sliced fish), you should gradually lower the tackle into the hole, holding a heavy sinker and trapping the fishing line from the reel. The current will carry a light sinker along with leashes from the hole. When 5-6 meters of fishing line comes off the fishing rod, you can lower a heavy sinker into the hole along the fishing line.
You can clear much more fishing line, and then, lowering the heavy sinker, slowly pull up the tackle, catching a significant area with the stream. The donka is mounted on ice on struts, the simplest are wire flyers. They sit on the rod of the fishing rod and do not allow large fish to drag it into the hole.
Based on materials from the book Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Manufacture and repair.