The greatest catch for those who are in distress and in extreme situations is promised by traps for fish. Sometimes they are called wooden nets, snacks, cages and the like. In fish-rich rivers, the daily catch of one fish trap can reach several centners.
Home-made fish traps, corrals, cages, pockets, dams, wooden nets for emergency fishing, manufacturing, corral and collecting fish.
However, the construction of a fish trap is a rather long and tedious business and justifies itself only with passive survival. With a long stay of victims in one place, when, once you set a trap, you can take a fish crop daily. Typically, fish traps are built on shallow shallow rivers and streams that can be partitioned across the course, from coast to coast. The design and appearance of fishing traps are different. But the principle of operation of all primitive fishing nets is the same to block the path of the fish and send it to a special paddock, from which it will be difficult to find a way out. That is the same, but increased to a gigantic size top.
Primitive fishing nets woven from thin strips of bast.
Primitive nets woven from thin strips of bast are most similar to their rope counterpart. They are made on the shore, and then stretched between vertical stakes driven into the ground across the water stream. Moreover, the smaller the spans of the network, the easier it will be to weave. Just do not confuse these bastard nets, the task of which is only to block the fish’s path from fishing, in which that fish should get tangled and stuck. This is a completely different, different purpose gear.
and so on, in fact, is the essence of primitive networks. In the center of the network constructed in one way or another, a narrow passage is left, below which, behind a trap of the same nets or stakes spread on poles, a small triangular, square or any other shaped cage is constructed.
Dams as an element of a fish trap, stone trap for fish.
In some cases, to facilitate the construction of a fish trap, you can try to narrow the stream by building small dams near the shores of stone and pebbles. Accordingly, the longer the dams will be, the less bast and stakes will be needed to build a wooden network. In rivers with a calm course, you can try to get by with only a dam made of stones or logs fixed with stakes driven into the ground, and with a hunting cage built in the gap between two close sections of the dam. In the absence of a significant number of stakes, a fish trap can be made of stone.
The stone trap is a strong, high dam, blocking the flow from coast to coast. We must strive to ensure that the water level in the resulting dam rises by 1.5 meters above the surface of the river. Three or four gutter passages are left in the upper part of the dam, through which water will drain downward. Behind the dam, right under the falling streams, the stakes forming cages are driven into the bottom. The fish, which fell into the cage with water, becomes the prey of the fisherman. At least that fish, which cannot rise against the current of water falling from a height (Fig. 16).
For a greater guarantee, under a stream of falling water, you can substitute a woven top from a branch and placed vertically, with a funnel on the stream. Thus, a fish with a stream of water immediately falls into the trap. A simplified version of the top-cage can be built from stakes driven into the bottom next to each other with a 30-centimeter branch extending to the side 20. Branches close to each other and directed inside the pen form a funnel (Fig. 17).
Wide River Traps for Fish.
In wide rivers, where it is difficult to shut off the entire stream, fish traps can be built near one of the banks. And for the fish to go in the right direction, stand in the middle of a free stream and create noise in every possible way (Fig. 18).
Another very effective way of net fishing is to direct the fish into separate branches of the river, which are then drained. To do this, find a place where the channel is divided into two or more branches, select the shallowest one, and block the river itself using any of the methods described above..
And if it is impossible to simply drive a fish swimming with the flow into a chosen sleeve, making as much noise as possible in the main stream. Accordingly, in the place where the sleeve connects to the river, it is necessary to put another primitive network. Fish falling into the sleeve will go with the flow up to the net that blocked its path. When there are a lot of fish in the natural origin of the cage, the entrance to the sleeve can be blocked up with stones and earth. Water will stop arriving, the sleeve will quickly drain and the fish can be collected from the exposed bottom (Fig. 19).
Single riverbed fish traps.
The same principle can be used on rivers with a single channel. To do this, part of the stream must be blocked by a primitive network and direct the fish inside a long, parallel to the bank of the sleeve-cage.
In the dead end of the cage, you need to dig a trap-shaped pen in the form of a deep hole connected to the river with a narrow long tubule. When the fish gets into the cage, it is necessary, making as much noise as possible, drive it into a trap and close the exit from it (Fig. 20). In standing reservoirs, traps are made in the form of labyrinths, consisting of many semicircles and spirals connected to each other. The role of the entrance is performed by two semicircles located close to each other, forming a narrow figured corridor. Such a trap is also constructed from stakes driven into the bottom, for strength connected to each other by wire, rope or any other improvised material.
Based on the book The Great Encyclopedia of Survival in Extreme Situations.