There are a huge number of instrumental decoys, originating from a vibrating sheet or blade of grass, sandwiched between fingers and producing rattling sounds of different keys. Hunters make homemade decoys of this kind on the spot, they do not carry them with them, since the material is always at hand and is found in abundance. For example, a cracking signal of forty is well reproduced by a half empty matchbox, and a sharp cry of corostels perfectly imitates a comb, if a sliver is drawn along it.
Homemade decoys for duck, hazel grouse and fox, device, materials, independent production and tuning of sound.
Homemade decoys must be constantly ready for use and properly configured. Homemade decoys with constant tuning are preferable to decoys, as tuning can go wrong at the most inopportune moment. Such a decoy will make a fake sound that does not lure the beast, but, on the contrary, scares him away.
Homemade decoys should be stored in a clean, dry place and handle them with extreme care. First of all, it is necessary to exclude the ingress of dirt and litter, to blow only dry air. If saliva has got into the decoy during use, it should be thoroughly blown from the back. If the decoy is collapsible, then you need not be too lazy, disassemble it and clean it.
When hunting, small homemade decoys are best attached with a short cord to the lapel or to the upper loop of the jacket. Suspended in this way, decoys can be used or spit out at any time without risk of losing. This is very convenient, since when hunting with decoy it is often necessary to have both hands free..
Homemade duck decoys, device and manufacture.
Some hunters very well imitate the voices of wild ducks and lure them without decoy. Just with the help of lips and a folded bell. Learning this is quite difficult, so it is better to use special decoys that are quite capable of doing on their own. If there is at least some ear for music, every hunter can learn to use them..
A teal decoy consists of a shout, a pee and a mouthpiece; pee, in turn, from the wedge, tongue and groove. The simplest teal decoy is made as follows. A shell bullet of 7-8 mm caliber is ground off at about 1/4 of the thickness, lead is heated, and the remaining shell is cleaned inside with sandpaper. A tongue of such dimensions is cut out of a thin brass plate (0.1-0.2 mm) so that when applied to the shell, it completely covers its sawn part.
A shell with a tongue superimposed on top is firmly inserted into the half of a conventional spool of thread (open end into the spool) to a depth of 5-6 mm and fixed in it with a specially cut wooden wedge. The wedges should be two times shorter in length than the bullet shell (groove), and in thickness and sectional shape sufficient to hold the groove securely in the coil, firmly press the tongue to it and completely cover the part of the coil hole remaining above the groove and tongue.
The end of the groove protruding from the coil and the tongue covering it should be 7-10 mm clear of the wedge. The obtained pee should be taken on the lips so that the free ends of the tongue and groove are in the mouth, and blow into it. Air passing through the groove swings the tongue plate.
Setting the decoy sound for the duck.
To give the sound the tone necessary for decoying a teal (resembling the voice of a teal duck), you should lengthen or shorten the free end of the groove and tongue, i.e., slide the bullet shell into the coil more or less deeply, change the thickness of the tongue or slightly bend up its free end . The thickness of the plate of the tongue can be changed using sandpaper or concentrated nitric acid (lower it for a few seconds). In the latter case, the plate must be washed with water.
Configuring decoys, achieving the desired sound is the most painstaking part of the work. When the peeper begins to make the necessary sounds, it is fixed in the mouthpiece, which can be a brass sleeve of 12-16 mm caliber without a bottom, as well as any other metal or plastic tube or bell.
On the other hand, a mouthpiece is put on, which can be made of a barreled sleeve, but one more caliber. This sleeve is not cut, but only drill a nest for the capsule. The final tuning of the semolina, as well as mastering the ability to imitate the voice of the teal duck with it, is possible only in the land. Hearing the voices of live birds, it is much easier to choose the right tone and character of sound.
Homemade decoys for hazel grouse, device and manufacture.
The decoy on a hazel grouse can be made from the usual disposable syringe. A smaller syringe requires a smaller syringe, and vice versa. The part of the syringe where the needle is soldered must be cut off. There remains a tube about 65 mm long with stops protruding on one side. In these stops you need to make holes for the nylon lace.
Then insert an empty polyethylene rod from the gel pen inside the tube (it fits perfectly) and cut an oval or round file about 20 mm from the edge of the hole. The rod from the handle is inserted into the tube so that when cutting the hole with a file, the inner section of it turns out to be smooth and sharp, without burrs. Burrs degrade the sound of decoy, they need to be removed in any way.
Then, insert the piston rod into the tube and push it to the middle of the hole. Part of the excess stem is cut off approximately 20 mm from the edge of the tube. From the opposite side, plasticine is stuffed into the tube to the piston. Now part of the plasticine needs to be removed, and the plasticine sill is reduced to nothing to the edge of the tube. Such a nut will more accurately direct a stream of air to the sharp edge of the hole and cause a sound.
The pitch of the sound is controlled by moving the piston by the rod inside the tube. Such a decoy is good because, by moving the piston, you can achieve the perfect sound and choose the right tone for both the male whistle and the female whistle. The decoy is transparent, every mote is visible in it, and at the same time it is easy to clean it – just remove the stem with the piston and shake the decoy. Remove excess plasticine and align the spills well with a needle from the syringe, the end of which must be flattened and, having processed with a file, give the shape of a scapula.
Homemade decoys on a fox, device and manufacture.
The decoy on a fox imitates a mouse squeak. For its manufacture, two plates are cut out with a length of 5, a width of 1 and a thickness of 0.5 cm from any hard material. After that, the plates are adjusted so that they fit snugly against each other. A channel with a width of 3 and a depth of 0.5 mm is cut out in the middle and side of each plate, taking into account that, when one plate is superimposed on the other, these channels must coincide.
Then, in one of the plates on the sides of the channel, two holes with a diameter of 3 mm are drilled to draw thin gum into them. This gum is inserted at one end into one of the drilled holes and clamped there with a wooden cone-shaped wedge. After that, the gum is passed across the channel and its other end is pulled into the second hole, pulling so that the desired sound is obtained, after which it is also fixed with a wedge.
The semolina sound is adjusted by tensioning the elastic, the stronger it is pulled, the thinner the squeak will be. After the final adjustment, both plates are folded and fixed with a thread in the end parts. The decoy on the fox is ready. If you blow into the hole formed by the channel in the decoy, then you will play a sound that simulates the squeak of a mouse.
Based on the materials of the book “Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Production and repair “.