The most important part of any fishing rod is the hook. The industry produces hooks of various shapes. With a semicircular bend and a straight or bent to the side sting, with a sharp bend and a straight sting, with a round bend, an extended forend, doubles, tees and others.
Homemade hook, making hooks for a primitive fishing rod when fishing in emergency conditions.
When choosing hooks for emergency sets or just for hiking, you should prefer forged with a round bend and a straight sting. They are considered the most versatile and catchy. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the quality of the hooks, because their durability and sharpness depend on this. Hooks made of good steel are distinguished by the fact that during compression they spring, and when released they take their original shape. Forgeries made of mild steel remain bent. It is better to refuse them. The number of the hook (from 2.5 to 16) is determined by the distance in millimeters from the tip of the tip to the forend. Hooks number 3 are considered the most popular. Another numbering from 1 to 17 is accepted abroad. Moreover, it is carried out on the contrary, that is, the smaller the hook, the higher its number.
Making homemade fishing hooks in extreme situations.
In an emergency, good hooks can be made of nails, metal wire. To do this, the end of the nail, the wire should be slightly flattened by hitting it several times with a heavy object, and make a deep notch with the blade of an ax or knife, slightly bending the chips up to form a beard that prevents the fish from being torn off.
or a backpack strap, you can get three large fishing hooks at once. Two of the buckle broken off, bent by an arc and sharpened on one side, one of the metal tongue.
. To do this, they used a pointed stone to drill a hole in the center, and then from the resulting workpiece received a hook of the desired shape. From a constructed branch, that is, the main branch and 2 3 small processes extending from it, a double or a tee can be obtained for catching large fish.
Exactly the same tee is obtained from three fish bones connected together. From the same built, but thin branches it is possible to make an active hook. When a fish is swallowed by a hook, pointed stings of branches stick into the tissue of the throat. For greater efficiency, the shoots can be slightly squeezed and stuck in the bait in this position. When the fish swallows the bait, the hook processes will straighten and wedge in the throat of the fish. If you can choose the material you can make combined hooks. For example, stick a sharp fish bone in a stick and additionally strengthen it with a winding of fishing line or kapron thread. Or in the same way to fix a random nail.
A more reliable flat wooden or bone hook. Two, five-centimeter (depending on the size of the fish to be caught) sticks are cut out from a strong branch, which is sharpened on both sides. A shallow circular groove for fishing line is cut in the center of the stick. The bait is put on the whole hook and on the fishing line. If a fish attracted by the bait swallows such a hook, it literally rises to it across the throat, penetrating deep into the soft tissue. In the hooks made from the bones of fish and birds, in the center you can punch a small hole for tying fishing line.
Of course, fish breaks from improvised bone and wooden hooks more often than from metal hooks, but fishing with them is still possible. When catching small fish, homemade wooden and bone hooks are ineffective. Improves the catchability of a homemade hook, prevents the return spike from breaking the caught fish. But still, it’s best to have a dozen of these fishing hooks of different sizes in stock. They do not take up much space and are practically weightless.
In the absence of an individual emergency set, the hooks should be stored in a special plastic or tin case, sewn into the clothes. In extreme cases, you can stick a few hooks into the clothes, in a place far away from the body, the pocket flap, the collar’s lapel on the outside. Hooks should not be stored in the headpiece, as it is easy to lose. Next to the hooks, it is advisable to sew a fishing line wound into a medium-sized ring. Hook and fishing line for any fishing rod.
It is advisable to tie hooks to the fishing line using special fishing knots. They are more reliable invented on the go. And an emergency hook is too valuable to risk it. When using other nodes, it is better to impose them several and be sure to check for strength. In the course of fishing, you must periodically inspect and tighten the nodes.
When catching predatory fish, hooks should not be tied directly to the fishing line, but through a metal leash made of a piece of wire, a vein of a metal cable or other material that the fish cannot bite. The hook catch depends directly on the sharpness of his sting. From blunted hooks, the fish breaks much more often. Therefore, it is in emergency conditions that the hook, especially its sting, should be protected from possible damage.
Based on the book The Great Encyclopedia of Survival in Extreme Situations.