From straight branches of bushes and plants growing near a reservoir, you can make the simplest home-made tops. First, the top frame is assembled from harvested branches, consisting of 5 10 circles and 3 4 longitudinal poles. Circles are attached to the poles using wire, fishing line, strips of fabric, bast.
Homemade simple tops and nets for fishing while surviving in an extreme situation, making tops and nets.
The resulting top frame is interwoven with thinner branches so that the distance between them, depending on the size of the fish, does not exceed 1-3 cm. The entrance to the top is made in the form of a funnel with a narrow neck opening. It turns out a kind of trap that repeats the shape of a non-spill inkwell. The bait is suspended on a small leash inside the top. The top is checked several times a day, the caught fish is pulled out through the untied deaf end (Fig. 1).
. To do this, a neck is cut off from it, which is firmly stuck in the inverted form into the remaining glass and fixed with a wire, thread or thickly smeared resin (Fig. 8).
. The gear is carried to the river and rolls into the ground so that its top is at the bottom. In just half an hour, up to two dozen minnows can fill up in a bowl. In approximately the same way you can catch minnows with a bucket (Fig. 9). Fry can be caught with makeshift nets made from parts of clothing, pieces of cloth.
Homemade fishing nets for survival in extreme conditions.
In addition to the described peaks and traps, ancient fishermen successfully used primitive gill nets woven from thin strips of bast taken from tree trunks. Gill because the fish, getting into the net, got entangled in them by the gills. Clay balls or stones tied to the bottom of the net were used as sinkers. The network was installed across the stream or along aquatic vegetation in places where fish are accumulated. I’m not sure that modern robinsons can weave a net from a bast, but from more modern materials why not?
You just need to have plenty of rope and patience. The required amount of rope can be obtained by dissolving a nylon rope, a towing end on separate threads or, using climbers’ terminology, the main rope. Thick nylon ropes are almost always woven from many separate cores, quite suitable for weaving nets. Methods of weaving networks are shown in Fig. 10, 11. The cell size for the nets is usually selected depending on what kind of fish the fisherman intends to get. Most often it does not exceed 2-5 cm.
Fishing with nets has its own characteristics, which are best known in advance, and preferably not theoretically. In large reservoirs, the network is easiest to use as nonsense. For this it is necessary, having gone deeper into the water and stretched the net, to move along the coast, gradually approaching it and leading the ends of the gear forward. At the same time, the higher the speed of the fishermen at the last stage of fishing, pulling the net ashore and the more they make noise, driving the fish trying to escape back into the trap, the greater the catch promises to be.
Not wide rivers and streams can be blocked by nets across the course, from coast to coast. In water, the network is straightened with stones, sinkers tied to its lower edge, and floats made from the bark of trees, bunches of reeds, etc. improvised material. In order for the network to catch less trash passing along the river, it should be installed at an angle to the stream (Fig. 12). It is also possible to spread the net using two transverse poles (Fig. 12).
Based on the book The Great Encyclopedia of Survival in Extreme Situations.