Survival equipment is something that both hikers and enthusiasts need and trust in their lives. You can not go out into nature without your pocket knife. You can not go hunting without a bow or fish without a fishing rod. All these items are part of your survival equipment inventory.
These can be useful not only in the desert, of course. They can also be useful in natural disaster emergencies. Your list of survival equipment also consists of simpler elements such as a shed, compass and map, wire, cloth and sewing kit, resin and Vaseline, etc. The list is long, but we’ll talk about the details in this article.
You can compile a reasonable list of survival kits made at home and we hope that in our article you will find the information you need. Making survival items at home and making sure they work really takes time and a lot of trial and error. We will provide the information so that the part of the error is minimized.
Instructions on how to make various survival equipment
It is important to know how to make your own shelter in unfavorable conditions, and to use items that you only have in your backpack.
Here are our suggestions on useful items that can become a reliable refuge:
- Space blanket
First, let’s start with the canvas. You can make your own with some items such as common cotton sheet, walnut (to dye the canvas), linseed oil and mineral spirits. First you have to dye the sheet with the walnuts. Then, immerse the sheet in linseed oil and mineral spirits until the oil is completely absorbed. Then you can try the homemade canvas and make sure you do not let the water pass. You can watch a complete series of 4 videos on YouTube about how to make a homemade oil tarp. Here is part 1, and then you can continue to see the remaining three.
As you can see, you have to sew some handles on the edges of the homemade canvas, so it’s definitely worth looking at that too. This canvas can also be used effectively as a tent. Just use some sticks / aluminum sticks to fix the tent to the ground. You can definitely use your imagination to turn this sheet into a reliable shelter in any condition. Of course, try the canvas in different ways and under extreme weather conditions such as storms, strong winds, etc.
Keep in mind that you can use the same homemade canvas also as poncho. If you follow the instructions in this series of videos, you can be sure to make a multipurpose team similar to a tarp.
Otherwise, if you need to know more ways to use your homemade canvas, here are our suggestions. Take strings or a paracord long enough, and run it between two trees. Then place the canvas on top and there you have it. You can also adjust the same settings to have a refuge. Simply use a sturdy, sturdy tree branch to lift the canvas at one end and attach the bottom edges with stones or sticks / sticks.
You can also use the instructions above, but add holes along the edge of your canvas, so that you can then pass the cord through the holes, once the sheet has been safely converted into a tarp. You can adjust the settings and previous tips according to your needs. And always perform tests in safe terrain before using it in nature.
The blanket and poncho can be used together, in combination, to keep you warm. You can wrap the space blanket (or even a regular blanket) and then place it on top of the poncho. If you have a shelter, this may be even better, but optionally use the poncho to protect yourself from the rain and the blanket to keep warm.
Taking care of cooking
While the ground oven It is not exactly a gear element for your backpack, but briefly sharing how to build yourself, while you are in a critical situation (or in nature) will not hurt you.
You need some wet sand, clay, dry straw or grass, young trees (make sure they are bent and can not break) and some large cloth or canvas. You can use the soil for land purposes, or use some flat stones to build it. For easier purposes, some people prefer to dig a horizontal hole in the ground and build on that. For the whole construction process, take a look at this instructional video on YouTube.
Otherwise, if you decide to make the oven simply on the ground, without any other material, as shown in the previous video, you can do the following. Dig a hole in the earth. Choose a pile of earth to make the hole horizontal. The opening should be slightly smaller than the actual oven inside. The opening that connects the oven hole and the real tunnel and # 8216; It should not be more than 1 foot.
Then you can place some burnt material (dry twigs, etc.) to start the fire. Regardless of what you want to cook in the oven, wrap it in aluminum foil to protect it from dirt and ash. Make sure you do not block the oven opening with what you’re cooking, so the smoke can escape. This will also keep the fire burning. If it blocks the passage, oxygen will not feed the fire and may stop burning.
Another thing you can think of is a cooking pot from a metal can (soda / bear). For the sake of our example we will use 24 oz. can of soda. Use a can opener to remove the top of the can. Then, prepare a nylon paracord and pass it through the tongue of the lid. Make sure that the contents of the can have been removed (drink it or simply throw it away) While threading the cable, try not to remove the pull tab. It must be intact. You will have a lid for your pot in this way and it will not burn your hand if you try to remove the lid.
Then, use a cold compound solder to cover the sides of the can. Have fire-resistant tape around the can (in several layers) so you can protect your hands and fingers. Use epoxy to seal the edges of the tape and let it dry for a while.
If you have a coffee can, you can also use it for the base of your pot. Just make holes on two opposite sides of the can and pass a thick metal wire through the holes. This will be the handle, to avoid burning your hands. Here you can quickly see how it should be. It’s a quick way to turn any metal can into a pot.
You can also make a multipurpose. kitchen stove kit. All the items you need should have a similar size in diameter, so they can fit. Basically, it will have a screen against the wind, a pot, a stove and also the fuel. The fuel must be diethylene glycol. Find one in a container or make yours. In general, it should burn for about two hours if it has a diameter of 10 cm. The reason why we offer you the use of this type of fuel is that it produces more heat (890 BTU), which is much higher than methanol.
So, along with the kitchen stove, roll a windshield and / or a kitchen stand (to place the pot on it). The pot can be something super simple, but of a slightly larger diameter. It should be more than 10 cm, so you can place it around the stove and have all these compact elements in your survival pack.
All these items should not cost more than several dollars. If you want to see how this kit looks and how to set it up, check out this video of the all-in-one cooking kit on YouTube.
Starting a fire
Building a shelter and having a cooking pot and oven seems to be a good start, but what about starting the fire? You need an easy way to quickly turn a tinder into a hot, healthy fire. That’s why you need to make your own fire starters. That is how.
Prepare some balls of cotton and Vaseline. Heat the gelatin in a pot, over low heat. The goal is to melt the gelatin. When it is melted, move it away from the heat. Then add the cotton balls and use a spoon or fork to soak the balls in the gelatin. Be sure to store the cotton balls of oil in a safe place, away from moisture and water. Keep them in a metal container resistant to water or Altoids. You can use the cotton balls to light a fire. To use candles, place a cotton ball in aluminum foil and turn it on.
The above method will also work if you use petroleum jelly instead of petroleum jelly. The method is exactly the same, but simply replaces the gelatin with Vaseline. When it melts, petroleum jelly gets soaked very quickly on the cotton ball and when it cools, it makes the cotton ball hard and a little heavy. Add several more minutes of combustion time.
Above there is a YouTube video for you to see how cotton balls are made of Vaseline.
Making your own clothes
You can convert your cargo vest into a multi-purpose survival vest. To add more pocket and stash options to the vest, sew some durable and thick fabrics like denim. Even the canvas will do well. Add these pockets inside the vest, where you have extra space. For the pocket lid, add some Velcro strips. The pockets can be of different sizes and shapes, depending on what you need to place there. You can carry things such as plastic sheets, aluminum foil, canvas, etc.
For the front pockets (on the outside of the vest) use the same durable fabric again, but think of these pockets as hiding places for essential and important items, such as matches, compass, GPS, purifying tablets, etc. If you can stuff these items in your survival vest, you will have a lighter and more compact backpack, which is always an advantage.
An interesting project, but at the same time interesting, is to make your own lightweight sleeping bag, using pens for insulation. You may want to use the outer layer of an old sleeping bag and then open a blanket. Use the bottom of the blanket, I saw the baffles in the sleeping bag and fill each baffle with a downward feather. Then take some time to sew the zipper and the edges of the bag. If you wish, you can also make a small package to keep the sleeping bag inside.
Above you can see a more detailed instruction.
Taking your own food
There are some items to catch your own food that you can do at home. For example, you can make a fishing rod quite easily, either on the spot or at home, and carry it in your backpack. Doing it in the place probably means that it will be more primitive and basic, but it will still work.
So the most basic way to have a fishing rod is to find a young tree or a young tree (branch) that can bend enough, but does not break easily. Then find a thin cord and tie it to the tip of the rod. At the other end of the cable, screw it into a hook and you’re done. As we said, it is the most basic and fastest way to make a fishing rod.
A more sophisticated fishing rod (where you also add a reel) will require you to spend some time at home to prepare it. Essentially it needs the same as the previous one: a flexible wood / branch, some twine, hooks and, in addition to those, additional loops to hold the cord along the rod, and some items for the reel. Then, to make the reel, take a metal can and connect it to the end of the rod handle with a thick wire.
Add another hook on the edge of the reel so you can begin to wind the cord. You will have to prepare some adhesive tape, scissors, etc. for preparation. For visual help and more details, check out this Survival fishing rod with reel video on YouTube.
We can add in this category also a emergency fishing kit. It will be easier to transport, many times more compact and extremely light. The idea is that you can go fishing at any time, as long as you carry this fishing equipment. It contains the essentials for successful fishing in nature. You will only have to find a stick or a branch to use to build your rod. So here is what you need to have in the kit.
First, you need to have a cable. Leave it rolled on the reel to prevent it from becoming entangled on itself. Another thing to add is a small package of hooks and sinkers (put several of different sizes). They may be small enough and, nevertheless, work well for their purposes. Put some baits like plastic insects and artificial flies.
Put some nylon rope in too, in case you might need it. You can also find some more powerful bait options while compiling your fishing kit. Do not forget to also put several turns in a small plastic bag, along with several eyelets (to correspond to each turn).
In the video of the emergency fishing kit on YouTube, you can see all the items you need to pack and also see how to do the fishing rod in action, using the kit and a branch of the forest.
You can also see in action how to capture real fish again in the same video.
Consider making your own survival kit too. You will definitely need items such as bandages, antibacterial creams, sewing kit (or at least one needle), bandaids, painkillers, sanitary articles, wet wipes and dry tissues, special personal medications for your needs, medications for stomach problems such as nausea and diarrhea, tablets to purify water, clamps, etc. Watch part 2 of the Super Ultralight backpacker team on YouTube (from IntenseAngler) for more details.
Also, do not forget the washing kit (with toothbrush, toothpaste, hard soap, etc.).
DIY water filter
Here is some very useful advice on how to make your own homemade water filtering system. It’s very simple and small and can fit in the palm of your hand, compared to most ready-to-use filtering systems.
Then, start collecting the items you will need. Begin by choosing a prescription bottle and unscrew the cap. Take a lid of the water bottle and make small holes in it. It should look like a salt container with holes. Next, prepare a cotton ball thick enough. Finally, take the prescription bottle and make a much larger hole in the bottom of the container. It should be thick enough so that you can put your finger inside the hole. It can be even a little wider than a finger.
When the configuration is ready, take the lid of the water bottle and the prescription container and place the lid (with small holes) on the bottom of the container. Then put the cotton ball and ready. Try this configuration by taking some muddy water and sweeping it through the DIY filter. It will drip a little slowly, but will essentially remove sediment and dirt from the water. Then, you can place a purification tablet in the filtered water to neutralize any bacteria and viruses.
To safely store your home filtration system, take the original cap from the prescription bottle and screw it down. As for the inside of the container, be sure to have a second water bottle cap (without holes) to keep the cut hole closed. The reason why this method works is that the cotton has a very thick structure and does not allow any sediment or larger particles to adhere to itself. Unlike cotton, a handkerchief, for example, has larger pores and can leave some particles and dirt.
For better storage, keep the entire filtration system in a plastic bag with a zipper, to ensure that water or moisture does not spoil the cotton ball. You can also carry several cotton balls. When one of them is too dirty to trust a continuous filter, you can replace it with a new, clean one. Finally, you can watch the instructional video of the home-made emergency water filter kit on YouTube.
Everything you need in your survival pack, you can do it yourself. It only takes a little time to make the complete configuration, but in reality you can be sure of having a lighter backpack and, nevertheless, having all your equipment working as the already done equipment would. You can get more information about the details of the IntenseAnglerand YouTube channel # 8216; Yes, but here’s part 1 of his series on survival kits made at home. You can see the other series to get a complete picture of how to compile your homemade survival kits.
After all the instructions, advice and previous techniques, we hope we have given you a wide range of ideas on how to improve your survival equipment. Basically you can do everything yourself, with a little time and experimentation.
You can continue to explore other ideas and videos on YouTube, and follow some of the people who proposed the previous tips. Of course, you are free to experiment and try new versions of the above. And remember to try all of that first in the security conditions of your home or garden, before venturing into nature.
DO IT YOURSELF