With the onset of warm days, it’s time to go hiking in the forest. There are a lot of reasons for attacks on nature, some are going to rest, others are looking for mushrooms and berries. But, regardless of the reason, everyone can get lost in more often. Useful information on how not to get lost in the forest will help to avoid trouble and even save lives. This is especially true of children, who, due to their carelessness, may be the first to become forest captives.
- What things are necessary for a hike in the forest, so as not to get lost
- 2What to do if lost in the forest, a reminder for children and adults
- 3How not to get lost in the forest, the rules of orientation
- 4What you can not do when you get lost in the forest
What things are necessary for a hike in the forest, so as not to get lost
Going on a hike, make a list of necessary things in advance. They will help you to return safe and sound or help if you are lost.
- Compass. The main unit in any nature trips. The ability to use it correctly guarantees safety in the forest. Rule one – the magnetic needle always looks to the north, no matter where and where you go. Thus, it will be easier to navigate. For example, going into the forest in the east, you need to go back in the opposite direction, i.e., to the west.
- Phone. Thanks to advanced technology, you can stay in touch wherever there is coverage. Before taking a walk in nature, make sure that your mobile phone is charged, but it is better to take a spare battery. There is one secret, if the battery has sat down: get it out of the phone and rub it on your pants (blouse, t-shirt, shirt, etc.). The main thing is to warm up the battery. Thus, its viability is prolonged for several minutes, which is quite enough for dialing into the rescue service.
- Ax and knife. Even if they are small, these items will greatly facilitate the process of extracting firewood for the fire.
- Fresh water. No matter how long the trip is planned, there must always be a supply of water.
- Grocery stocks. This may be the most minimal set: canned food, dry noodles, crackers, etc.
- Matches, lighter, flint. For the production of fire is an indispensable item. A divorced campfire will help prepare food, dry clothes and keep warm. You can prevent the matchbox from getting wet by wrapping it in plastic wrap or in a plastic bag. Lubricate each match with clear nail polish or wax. In very Spartan conditions, you can make a fire using lenses for glasses. Hold the lens against the sun’s rays over the dry leaves and they will catch fire.
- Clothing with long sleeves. It’s no secret that forest thicket is the favorite place of mosquitoes, ticks, snakes and other “reptiles”. T-shirt will protect you not only from insects, but also from insidious sun rays, wind and sand.
- Rope and clip (pin). With the help of these items you can construct a fishing rod and provide yourself with lunch or dinner. Bend the sting of the pin in the shape of a hook, put on a dug out worm or other bait and wait for the bite. If only a clip is at hand, sharpen one end of the clip and use it as a hook. Also, the rope is useful for tying branches for a hut or designing a trap.
- Salt pepper. These seasonings will add flavor to caught fish or game. Pepper can be used to disinfect wounds.
- Bowler. Of course, going for mushrooms, hardly anyone will take a pot with them. But it is better to be safe and put in a backpack, albeit a small, but such a necessary vessel. Instead of a pot, a tetrapack from under the juice will come down. It is possible to boil a yushka or tea from a birch chaga (a mushroom growing on the trunk of a tree closer to the crown) with cranberry leaves.
- Raincoat or raincoat. In case of bad weather, you can hide and reduce the risk of getting wet and sick.
- Protective agents from the sun and insects. There are many living organisms in the forests, many of which are likely to want you to “eat”. Repellents will be safe from their encroachments.
- Whistle. It will be useful more likely to children. So they can signal their location if they get lost.
- The minimum supply of medicines. This includes painkillers, antiseptics, patches, bandages, including elastic.
- Flashlight with spare batteries in case you have to stay in the forest for the night.
In addition, it is useful to make a plan for the campaign and mark it on the map. So it will be easier to navigate, and relatives to find you in case of trouble.
What to do if lost in the forest, a reminder for children and adults
The first thing to do when you get lost in the forest is to calm down and concentrate. This will help to focus on the sounds, to recall the details that occurred on the way when you just went into the forest. Maybe around you there are landmarks with which you can find a way out. Immediately use a mobile phone, phone relatives, friends in the rescue service. In general, the more people will know that you are in trouble, the better. When making calls, try to explain as clearly and quickly as possible where to look for you, without wasting precious battery power. After that, you have two choices: be on the spot and wait for reinforcements or look for an exit yourself. In the second option, follow certain instructions:
- try to walk in small steps so as not to walk in a circle. This is due to the fact that a person’s right leg is slightly longer and retreats to the side. Walking in their usual way, there is a risk in time to return to the point from which they began;
- look for a pond. Very often, people build homes near water bodies. Help in finding moss and lichen. They grow from the wet side. Go downstream and, if lucky, it will lead you to the people;
- do not go deep into the thicket. If you see that the forest is thickening, go back, otherwise you will be harder to find;
- dusk soon, but you still have not been found. We’ll have to spend the night in the woods. To do this, find a windless place, collect firewood and make a fire. If possible, you can build a shelter from the branches, the main thing is to do it before dark.
What to do if a child gets lost in the forest? It is very important to explain to him the rules of behavior in nature before the trip. Put it on in bright clothes, ideally, if there are reflective elements on it. The child must have a fully charged phone with the numbers of parents, relatives and rescue services.
Lost baby must be sure that he will be found. Teach him to be on the spot and wait for help, be sure to respond if his name is. You can tap a tree with a stick, such a sound spreads further than a human voice, especially a child’s voice. Explain to the child in advance that it is impossible to drink from ponds and there are unknown berries and mushrooms.
How not to get lost in the forest, the rules of orientation
There are certain landmarks that help not to get lost in the forest. The direction of the world can be determined in various ways and if there is neither a compass nor a navigator at hand, the signs of nature will help. Try to remember which side the sun was from when you entered the forest, because there would be little sense from the side of the world without this information. Find out where the north or south will help the following signs:
- anthills are located on the south side of trees and stumps;
- in the south, the crowns of the trees are lush, the bark is softer, and on the north side, on the contrary, coarser;
- conifer resin accumulates more on the south side;
- in spring in the north the grass is thicker, and in summer, on the contrary – in the south;
- forest berries on the south side are red, from the north – slightly greenish;
- the shadows of the trees face north.
Find out where the north will help ordinary stick. Stick it into the ground and see where it casts a shadow, there is north. When you have just entered the forest, try to memorize landmarks and, if possible, put marks on them with a marker. Remember that early in the morning, at 6-7 o’clock, the sun is in the east. Closer to 10 o’clock, it will move to the southeast, and at noon, 12-13 hours to the south. In the evening the light will be located in the west.
What not to do, getting lost in the woods
Nature has its own laws and man must know and respect them. Violating the rules of conduct in the forest can cost health and sometimes life. Watch out for animal trails. It is easy to distinguish them from the human, the branches above the path will join at the level of your chest. Although this path can lead to the source of drinking water, but a meeting with a bear or a boar will not please you there.
Do not continue if you go, that night will come soon. It is better to think about arranging a place to sleep and rest in order to continue the journey in the morning with new forces.
Do not drink non-boiled water. Divide the food reserves so that you have enough of them until they find you or you yourself get out of the forest. Try not to eat unfamiliar plants. You can distinguish edible from poisonous in the footsteps of bird droppings around or pecked berries. Treat poisonous;
- belladonna fruits, in appearance resembling a large black cherry;
- hemlock speckled, it is small ovate or round, flattened from the sides of the fruit;
- wolfberry looks like brightly red, pea-sized balls.
Poisonous mushrooms are a well-known mushroom with a red or white cap, pale toadstool, it looks, accordingly, the russula is emetic, etc. Only the experienced botanist or professional tourist can know all the names and appearance of inedible plants. An ordinary person is better to put a book in the backpack with an indication of dangerous plants and animals. The latter can also cause harm to health, for example, snakes, mites, spiders, etc.
Having mastered the simple rules of behavior lost in the forest, you will not fall into a difficult situation, and if this happens, you will not get lost and you will be able to get out of it unharmed.