How to behave in emergency situations, during accidents and natural disasters.

In emergency situations, during accidents and natural disasters, as soon as you leave the immediate danger zone, you need to find a refuge where you can sit and think. 

How to behave in emergency situations, during accidents and natural disasters.

See what surrounds you. Any place in the world has its own nature, rhythm and dispensation. Find out for yourself what your environment is. Assess your physical condition: are there any injuries, do you need additional clothes, food, water? Think about additional equipment that may be available to you: is there something in the wreckage that might be useful to you, and in what condition?

Do not rush, the rush can lead to a loss of orientation, in addition, you can forget or lose something from your equipment. Remember that it is much easier to accurately and correctly assess the situation in the daytime than in the dark.

The standard procedure to be followed in the event of an airplane accident:

Do not leave the scene immediately, despite the danger.
Immediately provide first aid to those in need.
Separate the living from the dead.
Save everything that can save equipment, supplies, clothing, water from the wreckage.
Make an approximate idea of ​​the geographic location of the disaster.
Do not move at night unless absolutely necessary.

and dangers and end up staying alive. When planning your survival plan, remember that if you were in a plane crash or shipwreck, your geographic location was almost certainly aired immediately before the crash. Thus, the rescue services roughly know where to look for survivors..

Most likely, rescuers will immediately or almost immediately begin the search. But you still need to make some decisions. You can’t just sit and passively expect salvation in the problem of survival, trust only in yourself and not in other people. For many, making a decision is a big problem, but this is the only way to take control of the situation. The calmness and self-confidence shown by you will help your comrades in misfortune to find these feelings, which will make making the plan easier. People always follow the leader.

Assessment of the situation is the most important factor in preparing an emergency survival plan. You should be as objective as possible and weigh all the positive and negative aspects of the situation in which you find yourself. For example, you find yourself in the Arctic, in conditions of low temperatures, which is the main threat, but at the same time you will not experience a shortage of its water in excess in the form of snow and ice. In the tropics, you will have many sources of food, but your main enemies will be heat and humidity..

The main priorities in the peak situation are: shelter, fire and water. If you have access to water and fuel for a fire (wood), then you also have access to material for building a shelter. In the presence of all three priority factors, you will settle down in the place where circumstances have thrown you, in the shortest possible time. Once again we note that it is extremely important to think carefully about all aspects of the situation in which you find yourself.

For example, if you were in a plane crash, you could collect material for building a shelter among the wreckage of a plane, making sure that there is no risk of explosions or fire. Polyurethane foam filler aircraft seats suitable for kindling or as a heater, for example, for the legs. Aircraft batteries can be used to light a fire. Tires of aircraft wheels can serve to build a wonderful signal fire. Black thick smoke from burning rubber is noticeable for many kilometers. But if after the disaster you leave the wreckage, then you will lose all these useful things and materials.

Getting on the road or staying in place is a difficult decision for those in need. Serious arguments for staying in place are listed above. First, search and rescue groups warned of a disaster over the radio will know where to look for you. Secondly, when moving, you will burn too many calories, be exposed to new external factors, often hostile, you will not be able to establish an effective signaling system, your self-confidence will be seriously tested if you see a rescue plane, but you cannot honk and finally, you risk literally driving yourself to death.

But, if for some reason you decide to set off, your rescue plan should include the following points:

Direction of your movement.
Way to stay in your chosen direction.
Daily schedule.
Signaling Method.

Remember that at the end of each day you should leave enough time for yourself to set up camp and prepare signaling means in case of a rescue plane flying over you. If you decide to stay still, your rescue plan should include the following items:

Signal Development.
Location and structure of your camp.
Find your nearest water source.
Determining Your Diet.

In emergency situations, it is extremely important to develop a signaling system from the very beginning, since the search plane can fly over you at any time and you need to be prepared to give signals at any time. Therefore, camp in the immediate vicinity of the signal system. To support life and the subsequent return to civilization, you will also need skills in the field of medicine.

Based on the materials of the Survival book in extreme situations.
Peter Darman.

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