How to build a bath and sauna, the most common types of baths, drawings and diagrams, the choice of wood, useful information and tips.

baths and you can choose an acceptable option for yourself.

Undoubtedly, you will be interested in tips on choosing wood and other building materials, preparing a site for the foundation and its construction, drawings and diagrams of the necessary structures, as well as many other useful information. Use them, and your bath will serve you reliably and for a long time..

There are many types of baths, and each of them has its own characteristics. Until now, they have not yet come to a consensus about how many total types of baths need to be distinguished. Some believe that there are three:

Oriental bath (Roman or Turkish).

Dry, with different air temperatures in different compartments, heated from below by stoves.

Russian steam bath.

Very humid, with a low temperature up to 60-70 degrees.

Finnish sauna.

Dry, very hot bath with temperatures up to 110-120 and even up to 150 degrees.

In fact, only the eastern bath is correctly highlighted here. The Russian bath was originally dry. A waterlogged steam room is a poorly prepared bath. Public baths in which it was difficult to make real dry steam were notable for excessive humidity..

A real village bathhouse was equipped with such a powerful oven that it allowed to create a variety of steaming modes. In such a bath you could get absolutely dry steam. Actually, they used a wet broom in such a bath not only for massage, but also to slightly soften the air in the steam room.

There is such a division of baths:

Kamenka bath (Russian or Finnish).

With temperatures up to 120 degrees and humidity from 5 to 20%.

Steam baths.

With a humidity of 75-100% and a temperature of 60-70 degrees.

Water bath (Japanese type).

With a temperature of 50-60 degrees.

We consider it appropriate to add one more type of baths to the existing classifications. These are Turkish baths (Roman, Eastern), differing in different temperature conditions and a special way of getting steam. Obviously, the Egyptian, and then the Greek, Roman, Oriental and, finally, their heiress, the Irish bath, have one common source (both literally and figuratively).

Most likely, the prototype of such a bath was a natural hot spring. Hence the idea of ​​heating the bath floor below. It is possible that the intermediate link in this chain was the baths, which were heated from below by hot underground springs. This idea is also suggested by the fact that initially Roman baths arose in countries with active volcanic activity or with a large number of hot springs. Then they decided to replace them with boilers installed either directly under the floor, or somewhat to the side of the twin room.

The Russian bath and the Finnish sauna have a different origin. The prototype of both of them is the red-hot stones in the fire, on which water fell. The Japanese bathhouse, like the Roman one, was born from observations of hot springs – there are quite a lot of them in the Land of the Rising Sun. The Japanese bath is also heated below the stove. However, the Japanese did not go further than this, while the Egyptians, and after them the Greeks and Romans, improved this system and turned their baths into real temples.

Book Contents How to Build a Bath and Sauna.


What are the baths.

Russian steam bath.
Finnish sauna.
Modern swedish bastu sauna.
Turkish sauna.
Irish baths.
Japanese bath.



Wood for walls in the bath.
Wood for bathing.
What kind of wood for the ceiling in the bath.
Wood for a floor in a bath.
Properties of some tree species.
Wood Protection and Processing.
Finishing and painting.
Artificial dimming of wood.
How to get rid of stains on wood.


Foundations for the bath.
Site preparation for the foundation.
Bath Flooring.
Walls for a bath.
Ceilings, roof, rafters, lathing.
Roofing for a bath.
Windows in the bathhouse.
Doors to the bathhouse.
Ventilation in the bath.
Shelves and benches in the bathhouse.


Chopped round log bath.
The foundation of a log bath.
Chopped sauna from a bar.
Log durability.


Prefabricated Panel Sauna.



Sauna in the bathroom.


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How to build a bath and sauna, the most common types of baths, drawings and diagrams, wood choice, useful information and tips DOWNLOAD THE BOOK

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