There are many reasons to need to climb a tree: cut branches, be safe or eliminate a threat that could be on top. Knowing how to climb a tree safely and effectively is the best way to protect yourself and those around you.
Some people think it’s as simple as one hand versus the other, but it’s pretty easy to lose control and a fall from high enough can even kill you. There are safer ways to address the problem you are facing, depending on the team you have with you at that time.
Clothing is important
To stay safe when climbing a tree, it is important to be aware of what you are wearing. You want your clothes loose enough to allow a range of movement. But keep in mind that too loose clothing can cause it to snag on the branches, and getting stuck is not only embarrassing, but dangerous.
You want to remove any loose jewelry, such as necklaces or bracelets, and remove any unnecessary accessories, as they can also get caught when you are climbing. Shoes with good traction are also important to provide the grip you will need to stay on the branches you are climbing. If you do not have those shoes, then barefoot climbing is definitely a better alternative.
Examining the tree
To determine which tree is good for climbing, you should step back and examine each one carefully. You will want a large tree that has strong branches that are more than six inches in diameter; Something less, and they will break under your weight. You should avoid trees that have any or a combination of the following signs:
- Strange shapes on the tree or on a leaning tree.
- Deep cracks in the trunk of the trees.
- areas of sunken or missing crust
- In conifers, a bifurcated upper part is a sign of decomposition.
It is also important to examine the area immediately around the base of the tree. Make sure that the base of the tree is at least three feet around and look for any of the following signs:
- mushrooms or fungi that grow on or around the tree
- Many dead branches lying on the ground around the tree.
- A large hole or several small ones in the base.
- Cut roots or any sign of uprooting.
You also want to look for local hazards near the tree you want to climb to make sure it is safe. These dangers can be difficult to detect from the ground, so it is important to pay attention to:
- trees that are ten feet of power lines
- Large branches that have been broken and stuck in the tree.
- trees that have large animal nests or bee / wasp colonies; being bitten or bitten is a sure way to make you fall and hurt yourself more
And, in case you have discovered that your tree is safe from all these dangers, there are still climatic conditions to face. A tree can be strong and resistant, but inclement weather can make the activity even more dangerous. Do not climb during a thunderstorm or when strong winds are present, as this increases the risk of injury and / or electrocution.
Rain can make the branches more slippery than you imagine, and you may end up falling. Cold temperatures tend to make the branches more fragile and can break more easily under their weight. If you have no other choice, you should test each branch with your weight before deciding to use it as support.
Climbing without equipment
Lifting a tree depends on the height of the lowest branch. If you can reach it easily, then test it to see if you can hold your weight. If so, wrap your hand and the other arm around the trunk, then place your feet at the base of the tree to help him get up. If the lower branch is too high, there are other methods you can use to achieve it. Keep in mind that these methods are quite difficult and should only be tried if you have enough confidence to carry them out.
- Jump to grab the branch. Do this near the base of the tree.
- running to the tree and pushing the trunk of the tree with the foot to push it to the nearest branch
- The technique of coconut palm can work if your hands and feet are strong enough. Keep your body close to the tree and hug it with your arms and thighs. Then use your hands and feet to climb the tree to the nearest branch.
Once you’ve got the branch, you should get on top of it. Getting up with your arms may be enough if you have great strength in your upper body, but you may need to lift your feet to help. Then it’s time to discover the best route for you to take. This usually involves choosing the branch closest to you, but it may not always be safe or viable, given the position and direction of the limb. Avoid branches that are less than three inches in size, as well as broken or dead branches.
When in doubt about climbing, follow the three-point rule, especially when you are not using any equipment. Three of your four limbs should be firmly anchored to the tree at all times, usually by different parts of the tree. This minimizes the chances of losing balance and falling off the tree.
At all times, you should stay upright and frame your hips below the shoulders whenever possible. Do not venture towards the ends of branches, as they are more likely to break. Always stop climbing when the trunk of the tree is smaller than four inches in diameter.
When it’s time to descend, choose the same general path you used to climb, since you already know which branches will hold your weight. Take your time to climb, as it is still so prone to fall.
Climbing with ropes
Before starting to climb with equipment, it is important that you have the right things before you start. If you get your equipment from a sporting goods store, you can ask employees to help you so you do not waste your money on things you do not need.
Some of the things you will need are:
- line of shot: A thin string of bright colors that is thrown on a branch. This is attached to a weight on the other side.
- static rope: this is used to climb, and it will help you to stay stable.
- harness and helmet These are designed to help you stay safe in your climb. Your harness must be designed to climb trees.
- Prusik cable: This is attached to your climbing rope and your harness by using a carabiner.
- branch protector This protects the branches from friction and helps your rope last longer.
When selecting a branch to pull your rope, you want one that has a diameter greater than six inches. The double-string technique will be used in the rest of these instructions, since it is the easiest to follow for beginners. Tie your throw line to a weight to help you get past the branch you want. Place the branch guard on the rope and then tie the static rope to the launch line. Pull the other end of the launch line until the branch guard ends on the branch.
Secure the two cords together using a Blake hook; This is a knot that will loosen when its weight comes off the rope and tighten again when it stops moving. Tie a double fisherman’s knot with your carabiner to secure it. You must spend some time learning these knots before starting to climb.
Then, put on the harness and helmet, and connect to the rope system. Your harness must be tight with your body so you do not slip. If you do not have much strength in the upper body, then add a Prusik cord to serve as a # 8220; assistance for the foot # 8221; It can help you climb. Then, as you go up, pull the Prusik cord up as you go.
When you are ready to descend, simply take the knot from Blake’s hitch and gently pull down. Do not do this too quickly or you could end up hurting yourself.
Climbing with spurs
This is the oldest and best known technique for climbing trees, and it is still used by many technicians who service telephones and light poles to this day. The technique remains the same, although the equipment has been improved to minimize falls and injuries.
If you decide that the stimulus escalation is your thing, then there are some basic aspects that you must obtain before you can start. These include:
- spurs: these are the most important parts. The spike should protrude from the instep of the foot to give it the grip it needs to climb. The pads should also fit well, it is key to get professional assistance to find the correct setting. Equipment that does not fit properly can cause it to fall.
- Saddle: Also known as a harness, it fits around the hips and legs, and provides a way to connect a climbing line to the waist.
- flipline: this strap surrounds the tree and connects to the D-rings on both sides of the harness. As you climb, throw the rope above the tree to the same height as your body, which gives you tension to keep it up. A backup line is useful for moving around branches without having to untie your current line.
- Adjuster of the line of the flipina: adjusts the size of the line of the rope according to the circumference of the tree, as well as the change of its diameter as it ascends and descends.
- Prusik Line: also known as the ascendant, was originally designed to scale the rope, but was adjusted for use with a waterline adjuster. It has a locking lock spliced in a Prusik loop, and then tied to the line of the rope with a knot.
- carabiner: must be a type of lock to maximize safety.
When learning to stimulate the climb, it is also necessary to inspect the tree to determine if it can be climbed safely. The same precautions that were started earlier in this article should be used to determine if it is safe to climb a certain tree.
When it comes to climbing, strapping your equipment first and making sure it is secure will keep it safe. Begin by throwing one end of the line of strips around the tree and grasping the other end with your hand. Connect both ends to the D-ring that is on the opposite side of the adjuster’s chair.
Using your spurs, you should quickly win the purchase on the tree and use the pull line to stay up against the trunk. Stab the spike (or grapple) in the tree and go up. It is important that the fork is inserted at the correct angle with the knee at least 6 to 8 inches away from the tree, or it will simply detach from the trunk when stepped on.
Go up two to three steps with this method and then place the line of the ascending line up to your level so that it keeps up with you. Tension must be kept in line to prevent you from falling. When branches are found, there are two methods that can be used: the branches can be cut or an alternative line can be used to circumvent them. Branches that are small enough can be ignored with the pull line and left unharmed. As the trunk becomes smaller, the rope should be shortened with the adjuster to maintain tension.
Once you have reached a desirable height, going back down can be done in two ways. If a climbing line has been installed, it is only a matter of using this to lower. One of the most common ways to get down with a climbing line is to use a self-clogging using a friction hitch or Prusik loop, or have someone else stop it. If not, you will have to go back down in the same way you did when you got up. It may be a little harder to get down this way, but it is not impossible as long as you have special care.
Spur climbing has its advantages and disadvantages, if you are looking to compare what method of climbing should be used. On the positive side, climbing is very fast and efficient.
However, the method is only used in very specific situations, such as the removal of trees or aerial rescues. This is because spurs damage trees and can cause them to die much more quickly through the introduction of diseases and bugs. For this reason, it is important that you only use climbing equipment if you have permission to climb or if you are climbing outdoors in your backyard.
Tree climbing can give you views that you were not able to see from the ground, and it can be an exhilarating experience. It can be a bit tricky at first, especially if you are afraid of heights, but if you are careful and make sure your equipment is working properly, you will not have much to worry about.
In the event that you climb a tree for the first time, it may be useful to take someone with you during your hiking trip so you can have someone who will detect you and possibly communicate with emergency services when things go wrong.
However, after your first climb, you will want to do it again and again, so that it soon becomes an addiction that you will never want to stop. The excitement of being so high in the branches and seeing the view from the treetops will make you want to do this activity every time you go hiking.