How to collect, make emergency kits and survival kits, selection and equipment of means for producing fire in survival kits.

The network has a lot of articles and descriptions of what should be included in survival kits and kits, but very rarely where it is written about how to independently create, assemble and equip such kits and kits using available tools and materials. And not just create and equip, but for yourself, for your needs and characteristics. 

How to assemble, make emergency kits and survival kits, selection and equipment of means for producing fire in survival kits.

All articles basically come down to one. The set should have this and that, and well, if possible, this. Sometimes brief recommendations are given on the refinement (for example, protecting ordinary matches from moisture) and on the use of items included in the set.

kits and sets, they, for the most part, are made for everyone and for all occasions. However, this does not add universality to them, and the price leaves much to be desired. We will only be glad if, among the whole variety of such sets, you can pick up something for yourself. In future publications, we will try to clearly demonstrate the whole process of stage-by-stage creation and filling of survival kits and sets, diluting it a little with our comments on practical application in a given situation.

Why pick and where to wear survival kits?

People of various professions, for example, astronauts, are equipped with special survival kits, however, with a little ingenuity, anyone can make something similar for himself, and quite effective. With this set, you can get the most out of your knowledge and skills. Life can lead to a compromise between what you think you need and the amount of things you can handle. But bother asking yourself about each of these things. Is she really necessary? Its functions are not duplicated by anything from the set.?

And remember that your task is to have a set that is minimal in volume and weight. Another factor that needs to be considered is that the content of your kit should be appropriate to the type of terrain and weather conditions in which you plan to travel. In particular, it is important to take into account the different requirements that different climatic conditions of your environment have to complete your kit. For example, when completing a kit for cold climates, you should pay special attention to objects that increase your ability to make fire and build a shelter, etc..

You should always keep your personal survival kit with you, or rather tell yourself. For your kit to be useful for survival, it must be at hand in a critical situation. Always be with the owner, in your pocket or belt, and not in a backpack or vehicle. Why? And imagine one of these situations.

A hunter or a tourist approached the riverbank, went ashore, walked away from the boat, and take it and get rid of it and float away with the stream. The backpack in this situation remained in the boat, you have to get out of the forest with what is left with you.

A random spark from a fire or stove set fire to the tent, and a man jumped out, fleeing the fire. Most likely, your survival kit, peacefully lying at the bottom of the backpack and weighing more than a kilogram, in this situation will disappear along with the rest of the equipment.

Leaving the same hunting base for duck hunting, few people think about the possibility of getting lost or being cut off by a strong rise in water or bad weather. Therefore, the attitude towards survival kits is now most likely contemptuous and arrogant.

To summarize the subtotal.

Kits and survival kits do not have to be expensive. There is absolutely no need to buy any special or expensive items for them..
It’s pretty easy to put together survival kits by visiting a regular supermarket and a couple of stores. Just by using various things already at your place, things.
The survival kit should be well-packed, not take up much space, and have a minimum weight, for example hiking kits about 0.6 0.8 kg.
You must initially decide on what terrain and in what climatic conditions such a set will be used..
You must decide where you will carry your kit in order to have it with you at all times (in your pocket, in a belt pouch, etc.)

How to store survival kits, optimal packaging for wearing on your own.

So, we decided that the survival kit should always be on itself, regardless of the time of day or other circumstances. Now the question arises, but in what to store it? What packaging? To make it comfortable to wear without feeling uncomfortable. So that he does not interfere. The packaging for your survival kit can be any and depends primarily on the place of intended use, and the number of items that you want to put in it, for example, it can be. For small sets  
Packaging (pencil case) from a cigar, a small plastic container. For medium  
Light metal box in suitable sizes, Plastic box in suitable sizes. For large  
Handbags or pouches made of durable material, Small bag.

The list goes on and on, it all depends on your capabilities and imagination. Now about the place to wear the survival kit. Here convenience plays the main role, and we, for our part, recommend the option of wearing on a belt. And you can immediately combine a survival kit with a first aid kit. Based on the experience of using this kit for survival, I want to say that it does not cause any inconvenience when worn on the belt. Providing a large filling capacity with a minimum volume. Does not interfere at all when conducting chores and overnight stays.

With a constant set of medications, it allows the replacement of the elements of a survival kit with those necessary for the specific conditions of the upcoming trip. If you have enough minimum items for survival, then you can completely get by with a cigar pencil case or container, and carry such a set in your pocket. In any case, the packaging and equipment of your survival kit, you choose yourself, you wear it, you use it in case of emergency.

Selection and configuration of means for lighting a fire in survival kits.

Fire is vital for survival. It provides heat and protection, is a means of signaling, boils water, prepares food and preserves food. Heats metal for making tools and burns pots. You must learn to light a fire anywhere and under any circumstances. That’s why firefighters should be the first and foremost component in your survival kit..

Option number 1 Option number 2
Take a regular used disposable lighter. It will be better if the lighter body is made of transparent plastic. With it we will make a container for storing incendiary supplies of your survival kit. We are talking about lighters that do not have a valve for refueling.

Inside the body of such a lighter there is a wall dividing its internal volume. On the upper edge of this wall, we saw off the upper part from the main body. Then we process it with a file and it turns out Matches with a grater, in the case of using such containers, will have to be stored separately, having previously sealed them from damp with wax or paraffin and wrapped in adhesive tape. If there are difficulties with acquiring a system for transfusion of blood and solutions, you can dispense with the used rods from ball or gel pens, after washing them well. The manufacturing principle is the same, though the rod loses to the tube from the system in flexibility, but this is not a very significant drawback.

Final view of containers and explanations: magnifying glass and flint.
Again, if space permits, put a small candle in the set. For convenience, it can be given a square or rectangular shape. When you have to make a fire in the rain, cut a piece 1.5 cm high from its end, put it on the ground and light it, and then begin to lay a thin splinter with a hut, it will gradually dry out and burn.
Burnt cotton wool (birch bark, dry grass, wood shavings, bird droppings, wax paper, fir cones, pine needles, chopped dry mushrooms, burnt cotton fabric) is an excellent tinder, as is the fine dust produced by wood insects, as well as the contents of bird nests.

Besides.

Potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate crystals) and sugar in a 9: 1 ratio ignite when rubbed with stones or under the end of a wooden rod, by which fire is produced by friction. When mixing them, be careful not to come into contact with metal and store in a dry place..
To sterilize the water, pour a few crystals of potassium permanganate into it and stir until a light pink color is obtained. Let stand for an hour. To give the water antiseptic properties, bring its color to dark pink. To treat fungal diseases, the color of the water should be dark red.
Potassium permanganate is used as an antiseptic, for rinsing the throat, rinsing wounds, treating burns, ingestion for certain poisonings (it has vomiting effect)

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