Fishing is a sport that attracts adventurers, but also those who love spending time outdoors while enjoying a relaxing pastime. As proof of the popularity of fishing, in 2011, fishermen paid more than $ 41 billion in recreational fishing expenses. In addition, in 2014, there were only 50 million fishermen in the United States. As a pastime, fishing is sometimes an art transmitted from one generation to another. However, there are times when a person who wants to learn to fish may have little or no guidance.
Many beginning anglers find that what they need to learn is overwhelming. Without a doubt, those new to the art of fishing will have many questions. Once you learn the basics that all anglers need to know, you will soon find yourself enjoying the adrenaline when you begin to catch those fish at the end of your line.
Types of fishing
There are many types of fishing. Defining fishing types involves examining different categorization methods. First, the main categories for fishing include recreation, sports and commercial.
When it comes to fishing for beginners, the neophyte fisherman will begin in recreational activities: fishing for pure enjoyment as a relaxing pastime. Later, once the beginner learns to catch a fish with more competition, the fisherman can move on to other fishing practices such as competitive fishing and big game fishing. Commercial fishing is for those interested in following art as a career: a job that is exciting, profitable and dangerous.
The type of water or location can also define the fishing sport where it is fished. The two general categories for location-based fishing include seawater or freshwater. Seawater bodies and ecosystems include the sea, coral reefs, mangroves, lagoons, estuaries, intertidal zones, salt marshes and oceans.
In contrast, freshwater bodies, sometimes called freshwater, include streams, rivers, lakes, ponds and swamps. Marine and freshwater fisheries are divided into categories that are more specific.
Fishing in marine waters includes various fishing styles, which include, among others, shore or shore fishing, nets and deep-sea fishing for fish such as tuna, marlin, striped bass, snook, snapper, shark, sea trout , sailfish, mackerel, wolf fish, halibut, and more. In contrast, freshwater fishing is also subject to categorization and includes capture and release, capture and angling for trout, catfish, crappie, musk, walleye, seabass, seabass and salmon, among other fish .
When it comes to fishing for beginners, some types of fishing are more practical, simply because they are easier to learn. There are relaxed or casual fishing methods that will allow the neophyte to learn to catch a fish, without the additional pressures associated with competitive fishing types. Below is a table that shows some of the most common types of fishing and the level of skill needed.
|Type of fishing||Description||Recommended skill level|
|Angling / reed||Angling involves the use of a rod, a line, a reel, a hook, a bait / lures and a saucer / float to catch fish. It may involve fishing with bait or spinning, fishing with or without movement, and catch and release fishing methods.||Recreativo – BeginnerSport – Intermediate|
|Great game||Also known as blue-water fishing, hunting and sport fishing, sport fishing includes the capture of swordfish, marlin, sharks and tuna.||Recreational – intermediate to advanced|
|Bow and spear||The use of archery equipment or a spear to hit a fish while it is in the water. This type of fishing requires some familiarity weapons used.||Recreational-advanced|
|Fly||The use of special equipment with a weighted fishing line. Fly fishermen use an almost weightless artificial fly, which allows throwing at a considerable distance. The casting method requires some time to master.||Recreational – intermediate to advanced|
|Net||One way to fish using tangle nets, hand nets, trawls and fishing nets.||Recreational – beginner to intermediateCommercial – advanced|
|Capture||The use of equipment to catch fish, including eels, lobsters and crabs, among others.||It is often used in commercial activities.|
Fishing rod design
The fishing rods depend on the type of fishing you do, but for the most part, the rods have similar designs. From the handle to the tip of the rod, a fishing rod has several definitive characteristics. A stop cap is located at the end of the handle of the fishing rod, which has a reel seat. Beyond the handle of the rod, the thinnest part of the stick, which is usually made of metal or fiberglass material, is a rod or stop with a small notch called a hook that is used to hold the hook when the fishing rod It is not in use.
You will use the hook when walking to and from your fishing spots. The end cap is often made of cork or rubber material, so it will not cause any discomfort when pressed against the body while fishing.
At the end of the stock of the rod is the female splint that is inserted into another portion of the rod through the male splint. The male splint has several rings that serve as a line guide. The rods are available in a variety of sizes, and the choice of one depends on the age of the fisherman and the type of fishing that is sought.
It is important to keep in mind that fishing rods and rods are not the same, although both are a form of fishing equipment. A stick is absent from line guides and is usually made of cane. The stick will not have a reel, while a rod has guides and a seat for the fishing reel.
Reels, rods, and equipment.
When learning to catch a fish, you should think about the type of rod and reel you want to use; The equipment for catching trout in a stream will not be the same as the equipment you would use for sword fishing on a deep-water excursion. Knowing the type of fishing you want to do is the first and most vital step you can take when you learn to fish.
You can discover what equipment is ideal for your fishing adventure with enough ease. Your first option is to visit a sporting goods store or local bait and tackle. Talk to representatives or store staff and discuss which is the best equipment for your needs.
Define your needs by telling the store staff what type of fishing you want to do and where you plan to fish. Instead of a store recommendation, if you have friends or family that want to fish, you can talk to them about the type of equipment you need. An experienced fisherman will be more than happy to talk about his favorite pastime and share some fishing stories.
Fishing requires a considerable initial investment and the list of equipment grows as their participation in the sport increases. You will need a six or seven foot graphite fishing rod, a spinning reel, a line and a collection of hooks in different sizes. Additional equipment includes a tackle box, spinners, pencil floats, dispenser shots, saucer eggs, snaps and ball bearing swivels.
Assembly of rod and cane
There are fishing rods of one piece and two pieces that you can buy, the difference is that with a rod of a piece you can place the fishing reel immediately, and with a two piece rod you have to join the rod before placing the rod . The advantage of a two-piece rod is that it can decompose it for easy transportation. The disadvantage of the two-piece rod is that it can slide if the catch is large. The one-piece rod is a bit more difficult to transport, but it does not worry if the pieces of the rod fall apart when fishing.
If you have a two-piece rod, you will have to insert the female splint into the male splint. You must ensure that both ends are free of debris and clean before putting them together. A Q-Tip is a quick way to clean the inside of the female splint before inserting the second half of the fishing rod. To join the two parts of the bar, hold both splints at a 45-degree angle and slowly push one end towards the other, while simultaneously gently rotating the male splint.
Once the rod is together, it is time to place the reel. Attaching the fishing reel is easy to do. The reel slot of the fishing rod is a slot inside the handle. Slide the spool into the slot, pull the sleeve over the bottom of the spool and tighten the nut.
Fishing lures vs live bait
There are three forms of bait that a fisherman can use, and the choice of bait is based on the type of fish you want to catch. The bait includes lures, prepared bait and live bait. Many fishermen prefer live bait because the fish can sense the presence of live bait and, therefore, are easier to catch. For the beginner who learns to fish, bait is definitely ideal. However, this does not mean that there are no lures available that work just as well as a live bait.
The types of live bait available include worms, larvae, crickets, bugs, mealworms, night crawlers, worms, grasshoppers, frogs, leeches, crabs and small fish. If you are learning to fish and worms or other live bait scare you, you can always use lures for your fishing efforts.
Just as there are many forms of live bait, fishermen can choose between lures. The spinners are decoys that, when rolled, the line will rotate, imitating the movement of the live bait. The templates consist of a hook molded in a weight of lead. The templates can be painted in any color and are used for fishing in deep water, either in fresh or salt water.
The fisherman puts the template in the water and lets it sink to the bottom. The fishing line is rolled a couple of inches, and the fisherman uses a movement of up and down movement with his hand to imitate the bait movement. Additional lures include spoons, fake flies, rubber worms, artificial crabs and artificial bugs.
More on types of fishing lures
Fishing lures are a big business because many fishermen prefer the advantages associated with their use. In terms of cleanliness, fishing lures are clearly a cleaner bait option. What’s more, when it comes to a live bait, the fish you catch can end up with a gut hook where the bait is pushed deep into the belly of the catch. Gopping makes it a little harder to pick up the hook, and it is not a great situation when you are involved in capture and release fisheries. The problem with the gut hooks is not eliminated with the use of lures, but it is definitely minimized.
With so many decoy designs, a fisherman can easily attack the fish of his choice. Keep in mind that lures will be much more expensive than live bait and, if you pay a considerable expense for them, you may find it financially problematic when the lures become entangled in underwater obstacles and get lost. In addition to the lures mentioned above, there are also the following decoy equipment options.
Spoons: Briefly mentioned above, the spoons are metal lures with a characteristic curve. The lures come in all sizes and colors, and are teams that wobble side by side in the water imitating the action of the bait that has been injured.
Soft plastic bait: Also briefly mentioned above, soft plastic bait is created to look like living creatures like frogs, lizards, crabs and worms. There are also soft bait creatures that do not imitate nature.
All about fishing bait prepared.
Along with lures and live bait, fishermen have the option of using prepared bait products. Some prepared baits are prepared by the fisherman, while others are manufactured commercially. Some forms of prepared bait work better than others, so knowing which one to choose may require some experimentation. The decision of the prepared bait you need is based on the type of fish you want to catch.
The bait of the dough is excellent for catching catfish and bull heads, but it melts after it gets wet. Once it begins to fall apart, it can fall off the hook quickly. Salmon eggs are excellent for trout fishing. The product is sold by bottle and is available in rigging stores or in some department stores. Fish eggs are easy to use since the fisherman simply slides them into a small hook.
Other forms of prepared bait include pork rinds, hot dogs and chicken liver. Pork rillettes are a form of bait prepared for the catches of catfish; The same goes for hot dogs and chicken liver. Some people even use corn when they fish, which works well as bait, but it is also bad for fish. The corn can get trapped in the intestines of the fish, which causes difficulty for the fish with the digestion of the bait. In some states, it is illegal to use corn as bait. Some people even use bread to fish; However, this is not without problems. The minute the bread gets wet, it will fall directly from the hook.
Fresh water vs. saltwater
Saltwater fishing has advantages and disadvantages, and understanding the advantages and disadvantages will help you determine where you want to learn to fish. The advantages include the thrill of being in the ocean and fishing for a great selection of underwater life. When compared to freshwater fishing, you will often find larger fish and a greater diversity of fish in saltwater bodies.
However, the disadvantages associated with saltwater fishing include the fact that you have to find the right location, which may not always be local, and may require travel, not only by land, but also by boat. The trip can be expensive. Most of the bodies of salt water are along the coast, which makes it difficult for some fishermen to reach the places to fish.
The benefits of fishing in fresh water, as mentioned above, are many places to choose from and many are local. If you are looking to make fishing a family activity, fresh water is often nearby camps and other recreational places. The cons, of course, are a limited variety of fish species, and limitations in the size of the fish they can catch. However, there are still some big fish that you can catch in bodies of fresh water.
There is also less danger involved in freshwater fishing activities. Basically, deciding on the type of water in which you will fish will be a decision based on your location, the agility to travel and the possibility of going to places at a considerable distance.
For successful fishing efforts, you have to learn to catch a fish that eventually you will have to master the art of tying knots. When it comes to tying knots, the standing line is the part of the line that remains motionless during the process of tying knots. The end of the label is the absolute end of the fishing line and is the moving part of the line when making a knot.
- Clinch knot When making a hook knot, roll the end of the fishing line around the foot line a total of five times. Once you complete the envelope, execute the slogan to form a loop. This type of knot is ideal for lines that consist of 20 lb. test lines.
- Loop knot – non-slip variety: If you want a hook that has mobility, this is an ideal knot to choose from. A fixed loop is established around the hook. The end of the line label is wrapped six or seven times around the right line just after the line passes through the eye of the hook.
- Dovetail knot Another ideal knot for test lines of 20 pounds, the fishing line crosses the eye of the hook twice, which strengthens the retention of the knot. Once it is run through the hook, the line is tied, knotted and then rolled over the lure or hook.
Additional knots to be learned include the surgeon’s loop, the surgeon’s knot, the figure eight loop, the line drop, and the shaft knot.
Loading line for rotating reels.
When you are learning to fish, you will also have to learn how to keep your fishing equipment. Proper care of the equipment will ensure that you maximize the longevity of your fishing gear.
Line loading is the act of keeping your fishing reel. Take the line and execute it through the eyes of the pole, through the bail, and wrap the line two or three times around the reel, and tie a sliding knot. With a pencil or a stick, pass it along the fishing line while another person holds the ends of the pole (if you are alone, you can mount it on something) and wind the line tightly.
Keep the pressure on the line by holding the fishing line between your thumb and forefinger. Be sure to keep the slack off the line. Continue wrapping the line to the desired area you want. Be careful not to overfill the spool. If you overfill the reel, the line will become more easily entangled.
The loading of lines is something that must be done annually. If you do not load a new line on your reel, the line becomes fragile. The brittle line will break when you try to wind your capture. Once the line load is finished, you can add your hook, decoy, spin and plummet. Most fishing line reels come with instructions on what knots to use, how many meters of fishing line are in it and the line test.
Drag the configuration of the spinning reels.
The drag configuration allows you to set the amount of resistance that a fish will detect each time it pulls its fishing line. As fish tires, you can tighten the resistance. If the fish begins to fight against its attempt to roll it up, it can loosen the resistance again so that the fish feels less resistance. The drag dial is on the top of the fishing reel. You can turn to the right to tighten the resistance and to the left to loosen it.
The bait broker on the reel is a secondary drag. It is located on the bottom of the reel and acts as a switch. By moving the bait switch up, the live bait runs with the line so that the fish has a chance to get tired. When the fish gets tired, it is easier to catch. The bait corridor can be squeezed as the drag. It can also be loosened. To tighten the bait runner, you must turn the round knob on the base of the reel to the right to tighten the bait runner and to the left to loosen it. If any of the crawls are too tight, you can lose the fish
Some fishermen use a scale method to establish trawling. A small digital scale is attached to the line and the drag is set based on a specific weight. The last method is considered more accurate in terms of a drag configuration method. Alternatively, many expert fishermen approve of feeling resistance instead of using a scale.
Fishing tips and tricks.
When learning tricks on how to catch a fish, there are some important things to remember. First, make sure you know everything you can about the type of fish you are trying to catch. If you understand the behavior and habitat of a fish, you will have a better chance of catching it. When approaching your fishing spot, that’s the time to calm down. Put your computer in a safe place, but do it quietly.
When fishing, be as calm as possible. You do not want to bother the fish and scare them before you have the chance to catch them. Make sure you wear dark clothes so you do not see yourself easily. Keep your profile as low as possible, especially when fishing in shallow water. Be sure to also note where your shadow falls, since movement, even if projected from its shadow, can scare away the fish.
Secure your bait with sufficient strength so that it does not fall off the hook. Make sure you have plenty of bait with you, and if you are using lures, bring more. That way, if the lures are knotted in the water and you lose them, you can continue fishing by replacing them with others. Finally, make sure you have the proper freshwater or saltwater fishing license to be able to fish legally.
Learning to fish is a process that is worth investing time if you really want to practice the sport of fishing. You should be prepared for an initial investment of time and money, especially if you are going to get quality equipment for your excursions. You will have to be patient with yourself while you learn all the different fishing techniques you have to learn.
Like everything worthwhile, the longer you invest, the better you will become. Once you learn the basics of fishing, you can begin to advance in sports, participating in sport fishing and competitive events.
FISHING, HUNTING AND TRAPPING