No one is insured against the occurrence of an extreme situation; even an experienced tourist, not to mention an ordinary city dweller, can get lost in the forest. If it happened that the situation forces you to be in the wild for more than a day, you need to take care of the extraction of water and food. How to get food in the forest to survive, not only in the season of berries and mushrooms, you can learn more.
- What kind of food can be found in the forest?
- 2 How to get food in the woods in winter?
What kind of food can be found in the forest?
As a rule, a person who has fallen into a difficult situation in the forest, when he has to get food, does not have with him any devices for hunting or fishing, but there is an ordinary knife. It will help in many ways of extraction of food. Strangely enough, the simplest food that can be found in the forest is under the feet of a tourist – these are ordinary earthworms. To get them from under the top layer of soil, it is enough to use a regular stick. They need to be washed in water, so that the whole digested earth comes out of the worms, then consumed raw or boiled. Organic protein food is ready.
Another type of food are frogs. If you remove the skin from them and fry, you get an analogue of chicken meat. Grasshoppers, lizards, non-venomous snakes are also excellent food. You can also get mice and other small rodents. Make it harder than worms and frogs, but possible.
If you managed to find a reservoir in the forest, water lilies can grow there. This is a great success, because the water lily contains starch in its rhizome, protein and sugar – and this is almost the usual bread for everyone. For eating, you need to grind the plant, dry and grind into flour. After that, it can be made into soup-soup or used for baking. In addition to the water lily, you can use crushed acorns, rhizome of rhiza (similar to reeds), as well as dandelion roots as flour. First, they also need to be dried, soaked twice and dried again, and then grind into flour, from which you will get something like porridge. Rhizo rhizome can not soak, but simply cut and dry, then cook. If you fry the pieces of cattail, you get a drink, vaguely reminiscent of coffee.
Pine forest is rich in growing Iceland lichen. It is useful in that it contains a large amount of starch (about half of the composition) and sugar. To prepare it for food, you must first soak to get rid of the bitterness in the water with the addition of soda or infusion of ash. The soaking procedure must be repeated twice, then added to the flour, boil, and so on.
In early spring or late autumn, it is possible to eat burdock roots, as well as woodlouse, acidic, which can be eaten in any form.
In addition to the above, the food in the forest should consist of mushrooms, berries, young shoots, roots of shrubs and trees. Inedible berries with mushrooms should be distinguished from suitable for consumption. Hazelnut is a healthy product. Before use, pine, spruce, cedar cones are thrown into the fire, then the seeds are soaked, after which they can be boiled or fried. Herbal tea will help not only to temporarily satisfy hunger, but also to raise the general body tone, to saturate with vitamins both in winter and in summer. For its preparation it is necessary to use flowers, leaves, hips, hawthorn, St. John’s wort, raspberries, cumin, nettle, plantain, lingonberry, as well as melluna, primrose and others.
How to get food in the woods in winter?
If in the summer in the forest, the choice of food in abundance, then in winter getting food is difficult, moreover, in the cold season the body needs more food to provide the body with energy than in summer.
First, you need to pay attention to the berries that grow to frost. This hawthorn, wild rose, rowan, lemongrass. They are rich in vitamins, which is very important for survival in the winter in nature.
If you can find an oak tree, you can certainly find acorns near its trunk under the snow. They are soaked and cooked. Also from under the snow are often visible dry branches of burdock, which are prepared in a similar way as described earlier.
If nothing can be found, and the land is too frozen without signs of live vegetation, perhaps the use of needles is better than young. It can simply be chewed, or crushed and cook.
In winter, from under the snow visible branches of horse sorrel. Its dry seeds can be used as cereal.
If there is no tool that can be used as a weapon, it is very difficult to get meat or poultry in winter. However, you can track down the place of spending the night grouse, and, if lucky, catch it. Also very good for eating eggs of any bird.
The simplest options for food in winter are the bark of trees and bushes, the buds, the outer part of the trunk. The most nutritious of them are pine, birch. From the young pine you need to remove the top, red bark, exposing the green part of the trunk. This part is cut into strips, and chewed. Birch buds, bark, sapwood, young oak and willow twigs are also very suitable for food.
Until late autumn in nature, especially in the fields and forest edges can be found Jerusalem artichoke. It is identified by high dried stems up to 4 meters long and leaves that look like sunflower foliage. It is a fruit, tastes reminiscent of turnips, rich in various trace elements and nutritional properties, which are vital when conditions are in nature in winter.
The leaves of the snake mountaineer, which can be recognized by the tall stem that grows in wetlands, are suitable for consumption. They can even be chewed dry.
In general, if the winter is not too harsh or has just begun, under the snow from under the loose soil, you can dig out the bulbs of many plants, using them as potatoes, or dry, chop and bake.
In winter, you can also find mushrooms. It can be tree mushrooms growing on trunks, or fallen trees, oyster mushrooms. It’s easy to spot them due to the lack of vegetation. Tree fungus – chaga, besides, has strong therapeutic properties, high biological activity. Winter shade grows throughout the winter, with a bright orange cap it is easy to see in the snow. You can find it on aspen, winter mushrooms grow in groups. In addition to winter garland, in winter also false garlic grows, it is also suitable for food.