The chub is one of the most cunning and powerful representatives of the carp family. His capture requires a special approach. Particular attention should be paid to the bait. Most often for catching fish are used flies on the chub, which you can both buy and make yourself.
- Features catching chub
- 2 Bait nuances
- 3Advantages and disadvantages of artificial flies
- 4Flies in and out
- 5Features of fly fishing
- 6 Instruction for the independent production of flies
- 6.1 Tools and Materials
Features catching chub
If you are going to catch a chub, you should take into account the nature and behavior of this fish. Chub mainly lives in rivers with an active course, the waters of which are saturated with oxygen. Most often it floats near the surface of the water. To the bottom it falls only from the middle of autumn and lives there until the end of spring. The change in the behavior of fish and changes in the depth of habitat occurs at a temperature of 12 odes0WITH.
This type of fish prefers a clay-stony and hard sandy bottom. It is almost impossible to meet a chub in places with a lot of silt. Most often, this fish can be found on the turns and shallows of rivers, as well as along wooded banks. For a long time the fish can swim in bushes and trees hanging above the water, waiting for insects falling from the branches.
Chub pretty shy fish. Noticing a man on the shore, he immediately goes to the depths, ignoring any bait thrown at him. Because the shore should be approached carefully and to observe maximum silence. However, fish is often attracted to artificial structures in the form of dams, bridges and pile jetties.
Regardless of the time of year, you can catch a chub with flies. However, in summer, the bait must be easy to swim at the surface of the reservoir, and in the fall and spring – heavy, falling almost to the bottom.
In the process of fishing it is important to choose the size of the hook and the number of weights. Hooks can be used under the numbers 1 – 18. However, given the rather large size of the fish maw, it is better to stay on the hooks number 10. The number of weights depends on the flow velocity in the pond.
Nuances of bait
You can catch a chub on artificial flies at any time of the year. However, such baits are not the same and are classified according to the following principle:
- Dry flies for catching a chub in the warm season. These artificial baits are designed to imitate small insects caught in the water. Lightweight materials in the form of bird feathers, down of wild and domestic animals are used for their manufacture. After production, such baits resemble flies, dragonflies, butterflies, grasshoppers and other small insects. A necessary element of such dry flies is fluffy plumage, which allows keeping the bait on the surface of the water and ensuring the naturalness of its movements.
- Wet or heavy baits are used to catch the chub in the cool water at the bottom. Such flies are made of heavy materials in the form of dense threads, wool, pieces of kozham and even metal wire. Outwardly, such flies for catching a chub should resemble water beetles, caddisflies, tadpoles, as well as nymphs and pupae of insects. For such lures is characterized by the presence of a minimum amount of feathers.
Dry flies are used only complete with small hooks from thin metal. Otherwise, a cunning chub can easily notice it. But to catch fish on wet baits, you must use only thick hooks.
Advantages and disadvantages of artificial flies
Like any other type of bait, artificial flies have their advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of self-made or purchased baits-imitators include:
- Versatility of products. You can catch not only chub, but also grayling, ruff and many other fish;
- The small size and weight of the bait, so you can take them at once and compactly fold into a small box or organizer compartment for hooks;
- Reliable fastening on the fishing line. The fly was originally made on a hook, because the chance to remain without bait in the process of fishing is minimal;
- Having a good bait for the chub, regardless of the distance of the fishing trip;
- Long term operation of the product. One fly can be effectively used for several fishing trips;
- The availability of materials and the low cost of the bait in its independent production.
The disadvantages of artificial flies for catching a Chub are the following factors:
- In the case of a dead hook or bite of a toothy predatory fish, in most cases the bait will be irretrievably damaged;
- The need for patience, imagination and the ability to handle threads and other materials for self-production of flies. Not every fisherman will want to mess with small materials and details.
However, the advantages of artificial bait are much greater than the minuses. After all, the use of flies instantly eliminates problems with the extraction and careful storage of live bait, which must also be taken to the place of fishing in a fresh state.
Casting and dropping
For the successful catch of the chub, in addition to the correctly selected bait, it is also important to make it a neat and accurate cast. So when fishing on small rivers and streams, casts are made at a short distance. The greatest range of casts does not exceed the distance of 6 meters from the coast. To complete this task you will need:
- Cord length of 2 meters;
Casting bait is performed exclusively by the archer. This will not only most naturally throw the bait into the water, but also protect the fisherman from damaging the gear on the shrubs and trees at a normal span.
To perform a cast, you need to pick up a fly in such a way that the tip of the hook is directed upwards. After that, you need to tighten the cord and aim at the place of intended catching by the curved part of the rod. Aiming, the fisherman must sharply release the fly. With a strong current on the river, the tip of the rod must be kept strictly in the direction of water movement.
The wiring is done with light rhythmic twitching of the cord. In the case when there is no bite, the re-casting should be done almost immediately, because the bait, which interests the chub, he usually attacks almost immediately after it gets into the water.
Pulling caught the fly Chub should be slowly pulling it to the shore. Since this fish is strongly beating and resisting at the beginning of the catch, it is impossible to lift the catch high above the water. When the chub gets tired to resist it can be brought under water as close as possible to the shore and pulled out with a landing net or behind the gills. The hook, which the chub has swallowed deep in the throat, is not pulled in place, but cut. It is for such cases that the fisherman should carry several flies with him at once.
Features of fly fishing
Fly fishing on a fly can be carried out as soon as the ice has descended from the water to the deepest autumn. Fishing can be done around the clock. However, the fish are most active at dawn and at dusk. Also for fly fishing, the weather is of paramount importance. The most suitable conditions for fishing are stable atmospheric pressure, light ripples in the water and light wind.
In the process of catching a chub, it is important to carry out a minimum of gestures. During fishing, only the hand in which the rod is located should move. The free hand should work exclusively with the cord.
The main condition for successful fishing with a fly fishing is a soft landing of the flies on the water, which should occur before the cord falls there. Otherwise, the fish will get scared and leave.
Instructions for the independent production of flies
Independent production of flies for fishing, this is a painstaking, but not too difficult task. Having made the bait once, the fisherman already clearly understands the principle of its manufacture, and can already come up with his own options for creating a realistic front sight from other materials.
The simplest option for self-production is a dry fly. With all the necessary materials, its production can take only a few minutes.
Tools and materials
To make a fly for catching a chub with your own hands, it is important to prepare in advance all the necessary materials and tools. So for the manufacture of bait will need:
- Fishing hook;
- Durable black thread;
- Bead with a hole through the hook;
- Bird feather;
- Down of an animal or feather of a decorative rooster;
- Mohair, if possible with the addition of metallic threads;
- Nail scissors;
But, even having prepared all the necessary materials, before making a fly for catching a chub, it is necessary to consider the appearance of the future product.
Production of flies for effective catch of the chub is made as follows:
- In a vise, a suitable-sized hook is fixed, on which a small bead is placed. The bead will mimic the head of an insect.
- By means of a black thread the substrate is made. The thread is tightly wrapped around the hook from the bead to the bend of the forearm.
- A piece of bird feather is taken and applied to the substrate. The same thread, but in the opposite direction, the feather is attached to the hook to the bead. At the same time the beards must be divided into 4 parts. Excess feathers are neatly cut.
- The body of the front sight is formed from a metallic mohair thread. The fluffy tape obtained is wrapped on a hook in one or two layers.
- The down or feather of the decorative rooster is applied to the blank. The beards are slightly retracted from the top of the front sight, and the front part is attached with a thread to the hook.
- After such a fixation, the feather or down is carefully wrapped around the hook in 2-3 turns along with the thread. Thread winding is performed near the head of the front sight.
At the end of the work on making flies for fishing, the extra parts of the pen are carefully trimmed, and the thread is treated with glue to avoid its unwinding during the process of using the bait.