The popularity of survival kits has increased greatly in recent years due to disastrous events in many areas of the US. U.S., Asia, etc. People are witnesses of storms of enormous power and gravity, as we have not recorded in recent centuries. The climate is changing rapidly and people understand in advance the need for good preparation. Internet is full of survival kits and you can get lost in all the information. Some may be true, others deceptive, and others may be controversial.
It is natural for people to want to build their own survival kits, with all the elements they choose. The best idea is to plan ahead what would be of crucial need and what not. It is very easy to overload your kit with unnecessary items and risk carrying a heavy survival kit on your back. That can cost you too much energy. Sometimes, the smallest items can have the highest value (if we exclude water and food, which are the heaviest).
Therefore, to help you make the right decisions, we have compiled an extensive list of items that are of the highest priority. We also delve into why and when you may need a specific article.
How to make your own survival kit at home.
To begin with, you need to know what you are really going to put in the kit. You may want to list, add or delete items, or prioritize them before you actually start shopping and picking up items. To save time in the search of Internet, we have created a list that is divided in two: the essential elements, that is to say, the elements without which it can not survive more than a few days; and items of secondary importance, which are just as valuable but less important than, say, water and food.
Articles of primordial importance:
- First aid kit
- Knives, matches, lighter, flashlight.
As we know Water It is invaluable and humans can not survive for more than 3 to 4 days without water. Dehydration can kill you much faster than starvation. It has been estimated that a man or a woman can survive without eating for a few months. That’s why water is your top priority! Then, at least one adult person needs 1 liter of water per day. Depending on which disastrous or emergency event has occurred in your area, you may want to charge the water supply for at least 3 days.
Optimally, you can buy a water purification system (find a small and light one). If you have good access to water, you can purify it and collect it for later use. Also, consider all the members of your family and plan in advance how to distribute the load evenly.
Second on the list is food. Of course, food is our source of energy, and if we need water to keep us cool and hydrated, we need food to keep us energetic and strong. During crises, you can lose a lot of energy by looking for lost people, running for your life, calling someone lost out loud, etc. Crisis periods demand additional energy. Pack prepared meals, canned foods, dried fruits and dates (with a sugar content and long shelf life), chocolate bars, nuts, powdered soups that can be mixed with boiling water and used as a soda and hydration . .
If you take canned food, do not forget to pack spoons, forks and can openers. Our advice is, first try the can opener at home. See if it is comfortable and easy to use. If not, get another one. Always try to find the easiest tools to work with. Again, you need to save energy, not spend it quickly.
Another very important aspect to consider is the clothing. It is very easy to pack any clothes you have in your wardrobe. That would unfortunately be wrong. There are special clothes that you would need in times of crisis. If a disaster forces you to spend nights under the sky, it would be similar to camping. There are clothes designed for this purpose. First, you must have a light weight underwear (pants and tops with long sleeves), made of lycra or polyester.
Both technologies are breathable and keep you warm. They allow perspiration to escape easily and leave skin dry. This is especially important since the sweat that is allowed to dry on the skin is a shortcut to hypothermia. It’s almost like being wet all the time: no matter how many layers of clothes you have, you’re always cold and shaking. This is a dangerous condition that you should avoid at all costs.
The second layer should be the thickest layer, preferably wool. It is also breathable and very warm. The wool is warm even if it is wet. The outermost layer must be protective. It must be windy and waterproof. This type of clothing can be found in many stores that sell mountaineering equipment. They cost more than casual clothes but they are worth the price.
Another part of good clothing is having confidence. boots or Shoes. Look for waterproof boots, preferably with GoreTex technology. They are also sold in shops for mountaineering and climbing. Prepare at least two pairs of wool. socks, 2-3 pairs of gloves, a couple of heat hats, Y add at least one scarf per person too.
Do not forget the jacket, have it proof of wind and water. Consider also packing several bandanas. They are very useful in different situations and can be used for hats, scarves, wristbands or wristbands, etc. Just do a search on the Internet to know its multiple uses.
Get a good pair of pants. Of course, choose the type of wind and waterproof. Combined with a good warm underwear, you can make sure that you will survive any severe condition.
Last but not least, pack several ponchos, for each member of the family. It may not help you warm up, but it will protect you from the rain. A waterproof jacket can be soaked in case of heavy rain, but if you add a poncho, you will keep your body dry. Only exposed areas can get wet, such as the face or openings in clothing. In general you will be better with a poncho.
the coat It is another of your top priorities. Good shelter would mean having a canvas or a store. Whatever is good. Generally, tents are a bit heavier, so many people opt for canvas. The canvas can be configured very quickly. You just need to know the basics on how to build a reliable canvas shelter and it will be fine. If you have a larger family, bring two tarpaulins, or a large tarp, so they can always be together.
Do not forget the sleeping pad. If you only have one tarp, it will be lying directly on the ground and if it is rainy, that can be a problem. So a sleeping pad would save you the problems later. Even if you have a tent, the sleeping pad will protect you from uneven terrain, and rocks or blows will not bother you too much.
Sleeping bags They are also very important elements. There are some very good and warm sleeping bags that weigh no more than a kilo. Again, distribute the load evenly among all members of the family. Basically, a sleeping bag may not be just a useless comfort, but a lifesaver. In very cold climates you can wrap yourself with it to avoid hypothermia. On cold nights, you can sleep with your clothes on while you’re in the bag and stay warm all night. The body temperature drops slightly while we sleep and that’s when we feel colder than normal.
Do not forget the first aid kit. Needless to say, you must have it in your survival kit. This is another element that you can build from scratch. Here are our suggestions.
- Basic supplies – duct and adhesive tape; band-aid bandages; antibiotic antiseptic cream; cotton balls; disposable gloves (synthetic); lubricant (for example, petrolatum or other oil product); plastic bags; small scissors; soap; disinfected handkerchiefs; thermometer; Chiffon pads in different sizes.
- Medicines – activated carbon (learn how to use it and why you need it); aloe vera gel; medication against diarrhea; antihistamine; aspirin or other over-the-counter pain reliever; Personal medications for you and your family members; medication in case of allergic attack; medicine cup or small spoon.
- Emergency items – list of all emergency telephone numbers, both national and local, including your general practitioner’s number; medical history of all family members, including medical consent forms; flashlight and batteries (in addition to several additional games): they can be part of the first aid kit or the complete survival kit; sunscreen (can be important throughout the year, mainly in the summer seasons);
You can also write your own manual to accompany the first aid kit. Compose carefully and add instructions for use for each item and what it is for, under what conditions to use it, etc. A manual will be a good idea for you, but also for any member of your family who is not well. familiar with all the articles and their multiple uses.
Articles of secondary importance
The following list of items contains tools and items that you may or may not use during a crisis or disaster event. That does not mean they are useless. They have specific uses for specific situations. These situations may not occur and, therefore, the article is not used. We have yet to say that, if this situation occurs, these items will be as vital as any of the items on the previous list.
- Survival tools
- Cell phone or smart phone
- Maps and compass
- Towels and blankets
- Reflective band
- Nylon rope and fishing hooks.
- Sewing needle and nylon thread.
- Real thick rope
Pack in your kit any survival tool You can think, as a compact knife, lighter, matches and flashlight. Add several extra sets of batteries. Consider any tool for cooking, a compact kitchen stove. Do not ignore the fact that some type of defense weapon, such as a larger knife or a firearm, can also be a lifesaver. Both in civilization and in nature, there are individuals or animals that can threaten your life or that of any member of your family. You absolutely must be equipped with some weapon to defend them.
A cell phone (smart) It needs little explanation as to why it is important. It wants to be found or saved and a cell phone or smart phone will be your contact with rescuers. If you have a smartphone, you can also have a GPS system available (preferably set the GPS at home and try it in advance).
However, remember that smart phones and GPS when they are on consume battery power very quickly. Therefore, use your phone with intelligence and turn on the system only when you need it. Otherwise keep it off. Even if you keep the battery well, you may want to have additional batteries. You never know how long you will be fighting for your life. Pack several batteries in advance, including a charger. Even a small set of portable solar panels is a good idea.
It may sound a little outdated, but primitive tools like the map and compass (compared to today’s technology) it can still be a great help. They weigh very little to be cause for concern, so keep them always on your survival kit. Also, learn to use a compass with a map. Try it in advance, go hiking for a day and try to master it. Do not completely rely on technology, since it is also based on a source of energy. And energy sources can be rare or completely lacking.
There are some applications for a whistle. It can be used for some type of communication system, built between you and your family members. You can be distributed around a large area, say, looking for water or a good place to build a shelter. If you have whistles, you do not have to scream (it can be very tiring and lose energy quickly) or walk back just to tell your family that you found a good area.
If you have some signals to play with the whistle, it can be a very smart and optimized way to communicate. In addition, a whistle can be used to reveal your location if your rescue team is nearby. If you are dehydrated and do not have the strength to scream, just use the whistle. And it weighs nothing, several grams.
Do not underestimate the blankets and towels. They can have multiple uses, such as drying, washing, wrapping around the body, etc.
the reflective band It can also be an overlooked article. If you lose your flashlight, or the batteries are exhausted, the rescue team can locate you when you see the light reflected in the reflective band. Get one for any pet you may want to carry along. If the animal is lost, it will always be visible (if there is a light source nearby).
the nylon rope and the Fishing hooks It can be used to catch fish. If you have experience in fishing, this would be a pleasure for you. You can dine fish every night if you stay near the water source, regardless of the crisis event (provided it is the summer season). the sewing needle and the Nylon thread It can be part of the first aid kit or separate items of your survival kit. It’s up to you. You can sew clothes or wounds with these two. However, before sewing the wound, disinfect the thread and needle.
the rope It is another category compared to nylon rope. The latter can not be a reliable tool to save people. But you can use a thick rope to tie the members of your family, when crossing a river, currents, floods, etc. You can use it to save people. It is very important to have a good thick strong rope.
Things to consider before you start
Plan in advance how to organize all items according to the size of your family. Plan each of the vital elements above for each member, regardless of age. If you have a baby, consider a separate bag to carry diapers, sanitary items, special towels, powders, baby creams, toiletries, etc. Consider food and water for the baby, food formulas, milk, etc. Babies need special care AND a high level of hygiene, it does not matter if there is a crisis or not. Be very alert in cold weather.
Think of your pets. Can you take them with you? Are they old and sick or young and in good health? It can be a very difficult choice to leave behind a four-legged companion, but if you decide to take it with you, make a list for him as well. Pack your medical records, any medication that the animal should take, water and food, animal clothing or even a life jacket and reflective bands. Prepare a leash if you have a dog and a cage for your cat (also prepare a leash for the cat), guinea pig, birds, etc.
Smaller animals may not survive severe weather, especially during winter, so consider that too. Above all, keep them dry, warm, hydrated and well nourished.
Take cash in small bills, you will not worry about the change if you have a hundred dollar bill and you want to buy a bottle of water. Also ATMs and machines may not work and your credit card would be useless. However, take the credit card and all other cards you have, IDs, documents, bank accounts and social security numbers, etc.
And finally, do not underestimate the seriousness of disasters and crises and believe that this will not happen to you. You may be lucky or the region where you live may be safer compared to other areas, but you should always be prepared for the worst. It’s not about being pessimistic or optimistic, it’s about being realistic. Today’s climate conditions are changing on a global scale. Generally temperate climates are changing rapidly today.
The inhabitants of such areas are not prepared at all because they never witnessed such events in their life. Because of this, a good and conscious preparation for these events is much better than trusting pure luck.