More and more people are choosing a more independent lifestyle. From green energy to various forms of subsistence agriculture, there are many ways to take care of yourself. One of the most popular options these days is the breeding of goats. Even those who are new to agriculture are learning to raise goats! As with anything new, it is always important to do a lot of research before immersing yourself immediately.
The raising of goats goes beyond simple feeding and cleaning after them. The better prepared you are, the better the results you will enjoy. It is also good to prepare for the benefits, as well as the possible problems that may arise from time to time.
Benefits of raising goats
When you decide to raise goats, it will not take long to identify the many wonderful benefits. However, it is important to remember that the way you raise goats for milk and how you breed goats for meat are quite different.
Specific measures must be taken to enjoy these benefits:
- Self-sufficiency thanks to a regular supply of milk and / or meat.
- You can make your own cheese and milking can continue throughout the year.
- Pygora and Angora goats produce some of the most beautiful fibers, as do Cashmeres. You can make your own blankets or clothing, or you can sell the fibers for profit.
- Goats can help keep weeds at bay, which will reduce the need for herbicides.
- You can raise your goats to keep stocks. Any extra baby can be sold.
- Goats can be great pets, and they can be trained to walk on a leash like a dog. They can be wonderful company for adults and children.
- You can train the goats to carry their belongings, so that if you enjoy the walk, you can get them to do most of the heavy lifting.
Nutritional benefits of goat’s milk.
While researching how to raise goats to obtain milk, you are bound to find much information about the benefits of this alternative to cow’s milk.
- It is believed that goat milk has a beneficial reaction to inflammation, and that is why it is becoming increasingly popular.
- Goats take up much less space, so breeding them is easy for the environment.
- Studies indicate that there is a connection between goat’s milk and increased metabolism of iron and copper.
- Goat’s milk has a chemical composition closer to breast milk. It is easier to digest and the human body finds it easier to assimilate.
- The size of the fat molecule in goat’s milk is smaller than that of cow’s milk. This means that fat is easier to digest for the body.
- Cow’s milk has about 17% fatty acids, while goat’s milk has about 35%. This makes it easier to digest, even for those with lactose intolerance.
- Cow’s milk is not the only source of calcium. Goat’s milk is rich in calcium and in the amino acid tryptophan.
- Goat’s milk does not aggravate the mucus.
- Besides being very rich in calcium, it is also rich in riboflavin, phosphorus, vitamin B12, potassium and proteins.
- Cows tend to be pumped with all kinds of growth hormones that affect the quality of milk. These hormones are not used in smaller livestock such as goats, which makes milk less toxic.
Nutritional benefits of goat meat.
If you learn how to raise your goats for meat, you can enjoy a number of fantastic benefits in the coming years. Not only can you be calm knowing where your meat comes from, but you can also enjoy these nutritional benefits:
- Goat meat can decrease the risk of inflammation in the blood vessels and stabilize the heartbeat.
- Goat meat contains CLA, which are known fatty acids to fight inflammation and prevent cancer.
- Rich in vitamin B, this meat helps you burn fat. It is also high in protein and low in saturated fats, which is excellent for the waist.
- Goat meat contains selenium and chlorine that also help prevent cancer.
- It helps prevent anemia and improves blood circulation, which makes it particularly beneficial for pregnant mothers.
- Since it is rich in B12, eating goat meat can reduce depression and stress.
- Omega 3 fatty acids in meat offer several health benefits.
- Low in sodium and potassium, it is excellent for controlling blood pressure and preventing strokes and kidney problems.
- Meat is also rich in calcium, which is beneficial for obvious reasons.
When raising any type of animal, it is important to understand the possible problems that may arise in your way. No living being on this earth is completely immune to disease and injury. There are complications that can happen from time to time and, being properly prepared, you can treat these problems quickly and effectively. First of all, it is important to make sure that you feed your goats with the right food or they could end up getting sick terribly.
If you ever find the need to bottle feed any of the babies, you should bear in mind that this can cause social problems within the herd. Bottle-fed babies do not seem to integrate as well. Worms and coccidiosis are two of the most common problems, such as foot problems. Persistent problems can mean that the animal will have to be sacrificed or sacrificed.
Goats also need the right living conditions, and are known to be energetic and possibly even destructive. They are the type of hook for your clothes and one or two fences, so make sure they are safe and that the risk of injury is kept to a minimum. In other words, you should do a “goat test” in the area in the same way you would at your home as a “baby test.”
The breeding of goats for different purposes
Goats can be bred for several reasons, including meat and milk. Some people even raise goats. The way you care for your goats is determined by your intentions for them.
The raising of meat goats
The first important choice you should make is the type of goat you choose to breed and raise.
The goat meat must be mixed breeds, while the males must be full breeds. Bucks can be somewhat temperamental and territorial, so if you do not want to keep one permanently, you could reach an agreement with someone you know. If they have a dollar, you could offer to pay them or provide them with a part of the offspring.
Some breeds tend to gain weight faster than others (such as the Boer breed). These breeds are the best choice for meat breeders because it means they can reap the benefits sooner rather than later.
They will need a clean shelter to protect them from the elements. The shelter should be cozy and not drafty. Remember, if you plan to raise offspring in the colder winter months, you should offer them additional protection against the cold. That is why many people choose to keep their goats in a barn in such conditions.
You may have to keep several groups separated. As for food, you should provide them with a large amount of fodder such as shrubs, grasses and even small trees. If food is scarce, you may need to supplement with pellets and hay. Obviously, they will need a clean water supply, and you should monitor them closely to detect illness or injury.
Raising milk goats
There are some breeds that are known to produce milk of the best quality. The choice of the correct breed will ensure that the milk has the most pleasant taste without the musky aftertaste associated with some breeds.
The best dairy breeds include Alpine, Nubian, Sable, Saanen and Nigerian dwarf goats. In order for your goats to produce milk, you will need to raise them. You can milk the range while you are pregnant, but you must stop doing it at least two months before the expiration date so that you can accumulate a rich and nutritious supply. Once the babies are approximately 2 weeks old, you can start milking again. When the babies are approximately 8 weeks old, the milk production of the doe will reach its peak. Should you be able to get it? One gallon per day at this stage.
As it decreases and babies are weaned, you can milk your range in the morning and at night. That said, you’ll only get around 1? Milk milk rooms every day, as their supply will be reduced. After 9 months, you may only get about 2 cups a day. If you plan to rebel again, you must stop milking at this time. If not, you can continue to obtain a small but steady milk supply for two years.
When you milk the mother after she has had her babies, she may worry about drinking too much milk. The good news is that goats have a protection mechanism that will not allow you to completely drain your supply! Therefore, as you move forward, you will notice that the milk supply will be minimal at some point. This is when you must stop. You will see that your udder has not completely emptied, and that is perfectly fine since your little ones will need to feed on it during the first 8 weeks of their life.
Like humans, they need liquid to produce liquid. They also need a highly nutritional diet to produce nutritional milk. Therefore, be sure to provide your work with a wide variety in terms of your diet and keep fresh water available as well.
If you are interested in meat production, you should make sure to regularly renew your stock. Parenting is necessary to maintain a good number of dollars and it does. You will need more resources than dollars, because a dollar can reproduce with multiple species and produce healthy offspring.
As for milking, you will also need to raise your goats to stimulate milk production. When yours is in heat, it can last from a few hours to a few days. In some cases, it is difficult to detect its heat cycle but, as you spend more time near these animals, it will dominate you.
Look for signs such as signs (like a dog wagging its tail), increased vocalization, a decrease in milk production, or even some pride parading around looking for some attention. Even if you do not notice these signs, you will surely do so and he will not hesitate once he gets the green light!
When the bucks are in heat, they are ready to reproduce, and that is when they can present a problematic behavior. Even when they are separated from the females, they can still fight with other bucks, and tend to urinate on themselves as a sign that nearby females are ready. The smell may be unpleasant for us, but it attracts women, as do the dominant screens.
A single dollar in heat can mate up to 20 times in a single day! As a result, it is important to make sure they have enough food and water. All the energy lost will have to be replaced and you can be sure that you will eat more than usual during this time.
Real pairing only lasts a few seconds, and it’s better to leave the range and choir together for a while. In this way you will have several opportunities to do well. As with any other animal, fertilization may not occur on the first attempt, so you should give them additional time to ensure the best results. Look at your range for signs of another heat. If she does not get warm, then you can assume that your money was successful.
Once the range is ready to welcome your babies, it is important to keep the ball in a separate pen. He can be a great annoyance when she is trying to give birth and, given her anxious nature, could reproduce with her prematurely. If this happens, your milk supply may atrophy and the babies will suffer, along with the tired bee.
If you plan to sell any of the babies, you should only do so after 8 weeks. During this time, do everything in your power so that you can know and get used to human interaction. If you plan on staying with some of them, this will make your life easier in the end. Also, if you sell relatively docile baby goats, you will get a positive reputation for yourself and the buyers will surely come back.
Medicine to have on hand
Unlike caring for a dog or a cat, goats require more specialized attention at times. Technically they are domestic animals, but they are also classified as cattle, which means that what you put is what you will get at the end of the day. The better you care for your animals, the better the meat, milk and other products you will enjoy. If you notice a problem with any of your goats, it is important to treat the problem immediately. This is the reason why you must have certain items on hand at all times and make sure they are not expired!
If you can, you must invest in the appropriate microscope to perform your own fecal analysis. Check the samples of each animal regularly and, when the eggs reach moderate to high levels, you must disarm them immediately. Some treatments are not safe for pregnant goats, so take the necessary precautions. Coccidia treatments should also be available at all times. This bacteria is highly dangerous and can cause rapid dehydration, so be sure to treat it without hesitation.
KaoPec is good for coating the stomach and protecting against the harmful effects of Coccidia and worms. If you do not have this particular brand, ask your veterinarian about the alternatives. Many medications are administered according to the animal’s weight. Make sure you have basic supplies on hand such as a thermometer, weighing tape, needles, syringes and syringes.
Dispose of disposable items the right way and be sure to clean and disinfect reusable supplies. The powder to stop the blood is ideal for scraping and scraping. You must also have safe disinfectants on hand for animals such as Betadine.
The best thing about Betadine is that it kills the germs without the sting! So you will not traumatize the poor animal in the process. Broad spectrum antibiotics can be used to treat a number of diseases, and are excellent for emergencies. Having said that, before administering said medication, be sure to check with your local veterinarian first.
Like humans, goats can also develop milk fever, so before you start breeding, make sure you understand the symptoms and have a form of treatment on hand. Goats can also eat too much from time to time, so you should also have some type of medication to relieve swelling. Benadryl works well in case of an allergic reaction or sting, but be sure to check with your veterinarian first.
Vitamin B supplements will also benefit your goats by stimulating your immune system and improving your appetite. Goats can also suffer from mastitis, so you should have some test cards at hand. You can not perform the test yourself, but if you have the cards, you can collect a sample and send it without delay. E.coli is an unpleasant bacterium that can cause problems in animals and humans.
If you notice gastrointestinal problems, it could be E. coli. Quick treatment is essential, and you can never know when an infection might occur (day, night, weekends, holidays, etc.). Make sure you have an over-the-counter antibiotic on hand for this reason. Of course, it is also good to have bandages and be sure to always use sterile gloves. Check your supplies regularly to make sure they are not expired or close to the expiration date. Replace each element as necessary.
Lifespan and euthanasia.
No matter what kind of animal you raise or offspring, there is always a lifespan. A baby will reach sexual maturity at a certain point and reproduction will be possible for a particular period of time before the animal can no longer produce offspring.
It is known that goats live up to 12 years, and males usually have a shorter lifespan than males. If you plan on reproducing regularly, it is important to understand that birth defects can occur from time to time. Many of which can not be corrected and, for the animal’s sake, it is best to have them euthanized. The cleft palates and anal atresia (the lack of a rectal opening) are two notable defects.
If a goat is badly injured or too old to lead a comfortable life, the most humane thing to do is to let it fall. It is never fair to let an animal suffer for human benefit. While it is painful to think about letting them go, it really is the kindest thing to do.
Protecting the herd
Goats are ruminants, and by no means are they predators. It is this very nature that can make them vulnerable to various forms or prey. Bucks tend to be territorial and protective when they are in “reproduction mode,” but this does not mean they really have a chance.
Some common enemies include dogs, coyotes, cougars, wolves, foxes and even some large birds that take advantage of newborn and adult or sick adults. Keep your herd safe by keeping your area closed. Tall fences should be maintained optimally with solid bases to prevent digging.
Guardian animals like a trained dog or two can also help your cause. Finally, do not forget to let them roam. Tying them alone will put them in greater danger since they can not run away from predators.
DO IT YOURSELF