Human plague is a serious illness with a high mortality rate for sick people. The causative agent of plague exists in a number of steppe, desert and mountainous landscapes, due to its circulation among wild rodents and fleas.
Human plague, severe illness with high mortality, symptoms, first aid and treatment methods, prevention.
The main epidemiological danger for people is synanthropic rodents and fleas parasitizing on them. Perhaps the infection of people from domestic camels. However, for hunters during fishing, the main danger is represented by commercial rodents (woodchucks and groundhogs). In the foci of plague, marmots are the main reservoir of infection.
human when removing marmots and ground squirrels.
An alimentary route of infection through contaminated hands is also likely during the processing of mined marmots. Airborne transmission is possible only from people with pulmonary plague.
The incubation period of the disease is two to six days. The plague begins acutely. The temperature rises to 39-40 degrees. Headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, light-headedness are noted. Pulse – 120-140 beats per minute, the tongue is swollen and covered with white coating, the stomach is swollen. With a skin-bubonic form, the lymph nodes are greatly enlarged (formation of buboes).
The main means of treatment are antibiotics (streptomycin and tetracycline drugs). The effectiveness of their treatment is determined by the timing of its start. Antibacterial therapy lasts 7-10 days. Hospitalization of the patient should be carried out immediately.
When hunting in the territory of all plague foci, it should be remembered that many animals can be infected with plague. Among them there are hunting ones: weasels, foxes, ferrets. Cases of plague disease described.
Natural foci and their activity are determined by epidemiological examination. If when hunting in areas where plague is likely to occur among animals, dead rodents are found, then the hunt should be stopped, and the situation should be reported to the nearest medical institution.
A suspected plague must be burned. Measures of nonspecific prevention in the foci should be carefully observed. Hunters working on the outbreak should be vaccinated against this disease.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Petrunin V.B., Nikashina E.B., Kupriyanov F.G., Nikerov Yu.N., Rymalov I.V..