Hunting rifle bullets include Vyatka, VVOO-Ilyin, Polev’s bullet, as well as a number of bullets that were widely used in the past: Witzleben’s bullet, Shirinsky-Shikhmatov’s bullet and others.
Hunting bullets of arrow and arrow-turbine type, Vyatka bullet, VVOO-Ilyin, Shirinsky-Shikhmatov bullet, Foster bullet and Polev bullet.
The BBOO-Ilyin bullet has good ballistic indicators, close to those of the Brenneke bullet, and sometimes the best. The ballistic characteristic of Vyatka is noticeably worse. Nevertheless, these bullets are successfully used by hunters and have their followers..
The “explosive” bullet of Shirinsky-Shikhmatov weighing 37.5 g was intended for hunting a large animal, especially a bear. In front of it there was an express void, and on the sides there were four cuts so that, hitting the target, the bullet would unfold correctly and break into large pieces. Not possessing the ability to rotate in flight, she nevertheless gave a heap battle and had excellent slaughter.
The disadvantage, like the Yakan pulled up, was the high probability of a bullet unfolding when shooting in a bush, reeds and the like. Now such a bullet is not produced and not used.
Foster bullet, properties and application.
The Foster bullet, which can only conditionally be attributed to arrow type bullets, is noticeably different in design. It has the appearance of a thimble with thickened walls and an even thickened head part. The Foster bullet does not have a stabilizing wake, but carries side inclined aerodynamic fins. The Foster bullet is extremely simple to manufacture and allows you to equip cartridges with it on automatic lines.
Negative qualities are the relatively low accuracy of hits and a small lethal force associated with a small (28.3 g) mass and a significant loss of energy in flight. This bullet was created for deer hunting, and it is better not to use it when hunting for a larger animal. Slaughter shooting with a Foster bullet is carried out at a distance of up to 50 meters. Other similar bullets are produced, some of them do not have aerodynamic ribs, like a Mignet bullet.
Poleva bullet, properties and application.
Relatively recently, engineer V. Polev developed a new bullet that almost immediately attracted the attention of hunters. This bullet is practically devoid of the disadvantages inherent in most modern bullets for smoothbore weapons and at the same time has three main advantages:
A pronounced sweep, which in combination with a lightweight wad-stabilizer of large diameter ensures a stable flight along the trajectory, always with the head part forward.
No need to use wads and pads, which, on the one hand, dramatically reduces the impact on the bullet of foreign particles during the aftereffect (the period from the moment the bullet leaves the barrel to the moment the powder gases cease to act on it), and on the other hand, simplifies the equipment of cartridges.
Using deformation of the lead lead part for even more reliable connection with the stabilizer wad.
Polev’s bullet consists of a mushroom-shaped bullet proper and a stabilizer wad made of high density polyethylene. The wad has a blind hole in front of it under the center rod of the bullet. In front of the front end on the cylindrical part there is a neck into which, when fired, the material of the bullet itself is rolled.
The rear part of the stabilizer wad, the diameter of which is equal to the inner diameter of the sleeve, has 8 protrusions in which one face is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the bullet and the other is at an angle to it. At the end of the stabilizer wad there is an obturating skirt. A container is put on the bullet, consisting of two halves and inserted with it into the sleeve when the cartridge is equipped. The lower part of it rests on the edges of the wad.
Polev’s bullet shows a very good fight and is now readily used by many hunters. Perhaps its only drawback is the small mass (31.3 g with a wad), which affects the stopping effect, which is slightly weaker than that of heavier bullets.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..