Hunting for survival in extreme situations can be a reliable source of human nutrition. However, without some hunting skills, even with firearms, attempts to get the beast will be unsuccessful. A careful study of the traces and litter of the animal will help determine not only the variety and number of animals, but also their size, direction of movement, etc..
Hunting for survival in extreme situations, traces of birds and animals, snares, traps, noose loop.
It is very important to be able to determine how long a trace has been left. In winter, fresh powder is not difficult to do, because fresh prints of animal paws are always distinct, their contours with delicate small notches along the walls of the track. On loose snow, along the sides of a fresh track, pillowcases and draggings show small lumps of snow. They soon evaporate in the cold, and large lumps are rounded and reduced in size under the influence of cold and wind. The trail of a bird or small animal, captured by frost, forms cups. A fresh trace will crumble, even if it is carefully pried off by a mitten, the old one will retain its shape.
On old prints, at low air temperatures, hoarfrost forms, the needles of which are pointed with their tips inward. On moist soil, the freshness of the track is indicated by the distinctness of the prints, in which a little water remains. Her film on a sunny day noticeably shines. However, after 1–2 days, the track loses its brightness, fades, the dirt rollers dry out, become whitish. In the summer in the early morning hours, the beast often leaves a mark in the form of downed dew drops. But it is short-lived and disappears shortly after sunrise. The best hunt in the early morning hours and twilight.
Hunting with snares and traps.
The easiest and most affordable way of hunting, especially in the absence of firearms or lack of ammunition, is the catching of small animals (hares, squirrels, groundhogs, etc.) using various snares and traps. They are installed on animal trails, best in places of natural obstacles (a fallen tree trunk, a pile of stones, etc.) or at the entrance to a mink.
The simplest snare is an ordinary tightening noose-loop made of kapron thread, thin wire, horsehair. It is fixed with its free end to a tree or bush, and then spread on branches along the animal path so that the lower edge does not touch the ground. For masking, the loop is stained with the juice of grass, leaves, and so that the animal does not bite the thread, a piece of wood or a tubular bird bone is put on it.
threaded into an eyelet tied to a twine for a branch. The animal, hitting its head in the loop, pulls out the guard, and, sinking down, lifts it into the air, overwhelming the loop on the neck.
Based on materials from the book Man in extreme environmental conditions.