Hurricane, typhoon, storms, tornadoes, damaging factors and human behavior in the danger zone.

A hurricane or typhoon is a wind of tremendous destructive power, having a speed of over 30 m / s. Wind speed is the most important characteristic of a hurricane and ranges from 30 to 50 m / s in most parts of Europe, and 60-90 m / s in Asia, in particular in the Far East. 

Hurricane, typhoon, storms, tornadoes, damaging factors and human behavior in the danger zone.

A hurricane occurs at any time of the year, but most of them take place in August-September, which makes their forecasting easier. The power of a super typhoon is equal to the power of a hydrogen bomb of approximately 200 Mt, and the energy consumed by such a typhoon during its existence is several times greater than this gigantic quantity.

Storm.

Very strong and continuous wind of 20 m / s or more, causing great damage on land. Storms are characterized by a lower wind speed than hurricanes, and their duration is from several hours to several days.

Dust or sand storms.

Accompanied by the transfer of a large number of particles of soil and sand. Distributed in the sand deserts of all continents.

Tornado.

An atmospheric vortex arising in a thundercloud and often spreading to the surface of the earth. It has the appearance of a column, sometimes with a curved axis of rotation, with a diameter of tens to hundreds of meters with a funnel-shaped extension above and below. In contact with the surface of the earth, a tornado often causes damage to the same extent as a hurricane, but in much smaller areas.

stay closer to an external or specially fortified wall. If there is no basement, you are in the center of the lower floor, or in a small room, or under strong furniture, but not in the place above which heavy furniture is on the upper floor. Stay away from windows.

Close all doors and windows tightly from the approaching vortex and open from the opposite side of the house. This will prevent the wind from blowing air into the building and the roof to rise, and will also equalize the pressure and prevent the explosion of the house. Do not stay in a trailer house or car. A tornado can lift them into the air. Outside, you are vulnerable to flying objects and debris, and you yourself can also be lifted into the air, although there have been cases when people were let down unharmed. The approaching tornado can be heard and seen. Get out of his way.

Move perpendicular to its apparent direction of movement. When entering a zone of a hurricane, storm or tornado, in order to protect against natural elements, it is necessary to choose shelters: ravines, pits, ditches, ditches, ditches of roads. In this case, it is necessary to lie at the bottom of the shelter and snuggle up to the ground, since such actions significantly reduce the number of injuries caused by the propelling movement of hurricanes and storms, and also provide maximum protection against flying fragments of stones, twisted trees.

Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.

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