Hypothermia in adults and children develops when the body is not able to produce enough heat to maintain normal internal temperature. When body temperature drops below 35 degrees, immediate help is needed, otherwise death is possible.
Hypothermia in adults and children, the first signs of hypothermia, what to do and first aid.
The first signs of hypothermia in adults:
Trembling (at an early stage). Termination of trembling in the absence of warming is a critical sign.
Numbness of the face, fingers and toes.
Difficulty in moving.
Apathy, drowsiness. Or vice versa, arousal.
Slow and irregular heartbeat.
What to do when hypothermia occurs in adults.
If possible, lay the victim in a place protected from wind and cold. Gradually warm it. Wear dry clothes to keep cool while changing clothes. Or, if it is not, wrap it over your wet clothes in a dry blanket. Let’s drink a little warm (not hot!) Liquid.
Call an ambulance as soon as possible. If you are far from housing, use the available means of long-distance communication (radio, mobile phone). Or send someone to the nearest community for help.
Put bottles filled with warm water in the groin and under the armpits of the victim. Or lie down next to him, warming you with the warmth of your body. Keep the victim in a horizontal position at all times to facilitate circulation. Do not try to warm the victim with a hot bath..
If the victim loses consciousness, turn him on his side and make sure that the airways are passable. While waiting for the ambulance, maintain your body temperature, often check your pulse and breathing. Note any state changes. If necessary, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately. Until the ambulance arrives.
Hypothermia in children, first aid.
In children under 1 year of age, hypothermia develops very quickly due to imperfection of thermoregulation. Sometimes in a baby in a state of hypothermia, the appearance is normal (pink skin). Although body temperature is critically lowered. Therefore, you should be guided by the other symptoms indicated here. Children over 1 year old often get cold, staying outdoors for a long time, even if not very cold, but humid.
The first signs of hypothermia in children:
The baby is unusually calm, sleepy and lethargic..
Lack of interest in food and drink.
Slow heartbeat, rare breathing.
Pale, dry skin.
What to do when hypothermia occurs in children.
Gradually warm the affected child with clothing and blankets. Lay it in a warm room, but not near a heat source or in a warm bath. Direct heat does not warm the internal organs, but the skin, so that more blood rushes to the surface, while body temperature continues to fall.
Give the affected child a warm (not hot!) Drink. Remember that a baby should be handled especially carefully and carefully. Get medical attention as soon as possible because hospitalization may be required..
Based on the book Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions.