Individual lighting, communications, alarm and orientation tools for solo hiking.

It is hardly advisable to buy a separate secure and powerful mobile phone or smartphone as a means of communication for hiking. It’s better to stitch or buy a good dustproof and shockproof case on an existing phone. 

Individual lighting, communications, alarm and orientation tools for solo hiking.

Mobile phone or smartphone.
Signal whistle.
Heliograph or signal mirror.
Lamp.
GPS receiver.
Compass.
Topographic map.

If you fully charge your means of communication, mobile phone or smartphone, before the trip, and then you keep it constantly off, including, for example, only three times a day for monitoring communication with family or friends, then the battery will last for a long time. For insurance, you can bring along some kind of compact battery charger for a phone with an AA battery or powerbank.

Individual lighting, communications, alarm and orientation tools for solo hiking.
A signal mirror is a necessary, but completely optional attribute of your equipment. It works well only in open space with direct visibility and in the event of an exact hit in the object selected as the target. But if you nevertheless decided to stock up on them, then do not be too lazy to practice using the heliograph. There is nothing particularly complicated, but certain skills are required. Otherwise it can be very sad and insulting..

Individual lighting, communications, alarm and orientation tools for solo hiking.
manual, preferably in a waterproof duralumin case and preferably lighter weight. Get ready to have to hold it often in your mouth, so that during some work in the dark both hands are free.

Individual lighting, communications, alarm and orientation tools for solo hiking.
Inova LED Microlight is white, which also has three modes of 100% power, 50% power and blinking mode. Such a small flashlight will significantly save you the resource of the main.

And for reference. In addition to the special established international distress signals, which you may not know or forget, there are simplified distress signals, which are more or less aware of the rescuers of almost all departments. For example, the SOS signal is universal in all respects. Or any other light or sound signal repeated three times in a row at short intervals.

It doesn’t matter that it will be three lights, three pillars of smoke, three loud whistles, three shots, three light flashes, etc. if only the signal was triple. A minute pause should be maintained between each group of signals. Three light or noise signals, one minute pause, and again three signals. The international distress signal received in the mountains looks a little different: six whistles, light flashes or waved hands per minute, then a minute pause and a repeat signal.

GPS navigator a powerful means of navigation and orientation, it is better if it is, than it is not. Even the simplest GPS-receiver allows you to easily move from one pre-embedded point in it, to the next. Before the trip, do not be lazy and put it in a protective cover, and also do not forget to stock up on batteries, the continuous operation time of even the best samples usually does not exceed 15-18 hours, and even less in winter. In a single hike, the GPS receiver should be considered as a backup (backup) means of navigation, with the main emphasis on the topographic map or plan (scheme) of the area and the compass, all the same it is a complex electronic device and it can always fail.

Liquid compass unlike the usual one, it is more accurate and its arrow is more stable and yaw less during movement. Pick up a lightweight tablet liquid compass on a transparent case with a division price of no more than 2 degrees. Do not store or hold the compass while working near metal objects, periodically check its accuracy, for example, according to the Sun. Beware of working and hoping for a cheap mini compass. Their accuracy leaves much to be desired and degree marking is usually applied in increments of 10 degrees, which is inconvenient for accurate measurements.

Individual lighting, communications, alarm and orientation tools for solo hiking.
the geographical coordinates of your location on such a map is almost impossible. But at least something like nothing at all.

Another look:

Individual equipment for sleeping and relaxing.
Individual equipment and means for cooking and eating.
Personal hygiene products.
Individual auxiliary personal equipment.

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