If you are going on a hiking trip, trip or expedition, among other things, you must make sure that you always have a thoughtful and high-quality personalized medical camping kit. Such a first-aid kit will be invaluable in case of health problems..
Individual medical first-aid kit, list of medicines and necessary items for first aid.
No need to try to make a universal medical first-aid kit universal for all occasions. It is better to clarify a specific set of medicines and first aid items in it and, if necessary, modify or supplement it before each outing, depending on its duration, environmental conditions, weather and season, and so on.
As a package for an individual medical camping kit, it is best to use suitable sizes of pouches, allowing it to be carried both on the outside of the backpack and on the waist belt and providing at least minimal water resistance. For greater sealing of the contents of the first-aid kit, packages with a Zip-Lock fastener of different sizes are suitable. Periodically check the expiration dates of the medicines in your medical kit.
To avoid unfortunate mistakes and harm to health, all labels on the packaging of medicines should be well readable. Even if you yourself perfectly remember what and where is located. After all, medical help, using your first-aid kit, can be provided not only by you, but also by you when you yourself are not able to. Plus, it’s highly advisable that the first aid kit be equipped with drug instructions.
An approximate composition of an individual medical camping kit for a 2-3 day trip. Lightweight version and example.
Antiseptics of external action.
1. A solution of Chlorhexidine Bigluconate aqueous 0.05%. A plastic bottle with a nozzle (100 ml) is one of the most universal local antiseptics, with a predominantly bactericidal effect, is safe for mucous membranes (except for the eyes). For the treatment and treatment of wounds (including burns and purulents), abrasions and scratches, during puncture of corneal vesicles and removal of splinters, decontamination of the skin (hand washing), rinsing of the mouth (for gum disease) and throat (sore throat), and prevention of diseases transmitted sexually. Together after shave lotion. Disinfects small cuts, does not cause drying of the skin and irritations.
2. Ketorol tablets (10 pieces). Non-narcotic anti-inflammatory drug with a strong analgesic effect. It is used for severe pain: fractures, injuries with rupture of ligaments, dislocations, sprains, etc..
3. Paracetamol tablets (10 pieces). Antipyretic, analgesic and mild anti-inflammatory. It is used to reduce the temperature for infectious and inflammatory diseases, and for mild to moderate pain: headache and toothache, pain in the muscles and joints, pain during menstruation, etc..
With diseases of the stomach and intestines.
4. Loperamide tablets (10 pieces). It has antidiarrheal (antidiarrheal) action.
5. Activated carbon tablets (10 pieces). With digestive disorders, flatulence (accumulation of gases in the intestines), food poisoning, poisoning by plants, salts of heavy metals, etc..
6. Rehydron powder (2 packets). Restores the water-salt balance after severe diarrhea (diarrhea), vomiting, after profuse sweating associated with heat or physical exertion.
7. Nitroglycerin tablets (10 pieces). To relieve bouts of pain in the heart, lowers blood pressure.
Antihistamines, antiallergic drugs.
8. Diazolinum tablets (10 pieces). In case of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye (conjunctiva) caused by an allergic reaction or infection, skin rash (urticaria) and itching of an allergic origin, skin reaction after a nettle burn, insect or snakebite.
For respiratory diseases.
9. Mukaltin, tablets (10 pieces). Expectorant. When coughing during acute and chronic respiratory diseases, reduces the number of coughing attacks and their intensity.
10. Harness (1 piece). To stop bleeding.
11. Medical dressing scarf (1 piece). As an improvised dressing pad, a dressing to secure the arm, hand, foot or head, dressing on limbs, splints and bulky dressings.
12. Dressing bag (individual) sterile (1 piece). A sterile dressing enclosed in a protective sheath designed for first aid in case of wounds and burns.
13. Bandages sterile and non-sterile (2 pieces each). Dressings for cleaning wounds and dressings.
14. Hemostatic napkins with furagin (2 pieces). To stop bleeding, treat wounds and burns, protect against infections.
15. The bactericidal adhesive plaster (6 pieces). For use as an external antiseptic dressing for small cuts, abrasions, scratches and other minor skin lesions.
16. Roll adhesive patch narrow (1 pack). To fix the dressings.
17. Vata (1 small package). For manipulations related to the treatment of wounds.
Miscellaneous for a complete set of a first-aid kit.
18. The scalpel blade is sterile (2 pieces). For dissection of soft tissues, for example, when the bladder puncture and removal of splinters.
19. Isothermal life-saving cover (1 piece). To temporarily reduce the heat loss of the human body in emergency cases.
20. Disposable medical gloves (2 pairs). As a protective agent.
21. Device for conducting artificial respiration mouth-to-mouth (1 piece). For the implementation of artificial respiration during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the absence of consciousness, breathing and pulse.
22.Sawyer Extractor Pump Kit or similar (1 set). To ensure quick, effective and safe removal of poison with snake bites, bee stings, wasps, hornets, mosquitoes, spiders, scorpions, ants, jellyfish, etc. If the first-aid kit is small in size, then the set will have to be stored separately.
23. Medical tweezers (1 piece). As an auxiliary tool for dressing, applying and removing bandages, minor surgical interventions (for example, to remove a deeply buried splinter, etc.).
A complete first-aid kit should be regularly checked for compliance with the shelf life of the medicine. Do not take medicines if their expiration date has expired: instead of benefit, there will only be harm to your health! If the medicine is prescribed before meals, then it should be taken 15 minutes before eating, if after 15 minutes after eating. If it is indicated on an empty stomach, then the medicine should be taken in the morning 20-40 minutes before breakfast.