Children often injure their nose by stuffing foreign objects into them, which can also get stuck there. In such cases, immediate medical examination and treatment is required to avoid complications and infections of the nasal tissues..
Injuries to the nose, foreign body in the nose, broken nose and nosebleeds, what to look for, first aid.
Help the victim sit down (it is better to put a small child on the lap of an adult). When illuminating a flashlight, see if there is a foreign body in the nose. Seek professional medical attention immediately to remove foreign matter..
Do not try to remove the foreign body yourself, as this can aggravate the injury. Doctors use special tools, which minimizes additional damage. The victim must not eat or drink in case anesthesia is required.
Fracture of the nose, first aid.
The nose is easily injured, and usually it is very painful. In case of a fracture of the nose, anesthesia is usually necessary, therefore it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Feeling affected by a broken nose.
It’s hard to breathe through your nose.
Obvious deformity of the nose.
Bleeding or other discharge from the nose.
Swelling or bruising.
What to do with a broken nose.
Help the victim sit down. When the nose is swollen or deformed, it should be considered that a fracture has occurred. If blood flows from one or both nostrils, the victim should tightly squeeze the nostrils with his fingers, tilt his head forward and breathe through his mouth, remaining in this position for at least 10 minutes.
Make a cold compress. Let the victim hold him on the bridge of the nose and change when he warms up. The victim urgently needs a medical examination. He should not eat or drink in case anesthesia is required for treatment.
Epistaxis, first aid.
In the nose, close to the surface of its mucous membrane, there are many thin blood vessels, when damaged, blood flows from the nostrils. It also happens that with a fracture of the skull bones from a strong blow from the nose, an aqueous fluid stained with blood flows. It is important to find out what exactly caused nosebleeds. And, if there is reason to suspect a head injury, you should immediately seek medical help.
Help the victim sit down. Let him tilt his head forward and squeeze his nostrils with his fingers, and breathe through his mouth. Do not plug your nose with gauze or cotton. It is necessary to compress the nose for at least 10 minutes, so that in the places of damage to the blood vessels, the blood coagulates and the bleeding stops. If the blood goes again when the victim opens his nose, it is necessary to resume compression.
If bleeding does not stop after 30 minutes, seek medical attention. When the bleeding stops, you need to wipe with a damp cloth around the nose, but you can’t wipe it inside the nostrils. The victim should not strain and blow his nose for at least 2 hours.
Based on the book “Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions”.