The abdominal cavity is located under the chest, from which it is separated by the diaphragm. In the abdominal cavity there are internal organs: stomach, liver, spleen, intestines, kidneys, some large blood vessels, connective and adipose tissue.
Abdominal injury, first aid, what to do if internal organs are visible through the wound.
Damage to these internal organs is possible without an open wound. Sometimes only an increased heart rate indicates a serious internal trauma that threatens the life of the victim. In order to avoid collapse (acute cardiovascular failure), immediate medical attention is required for any abdominal injury.
What to do with an abdominal injury.
Help the victim lie down as conveniently as possible. Place a blanket, a small pillow, or folded clothes under your knees so your abdominal muscles relax. Put something under your head and shoulders, if it is more convenient.
Inspect and unfasten clothing covering the wound. If the wound is small, if possible, make a bandage, fixing it with an elastic cotton bandage. In an emergency, a bandage can be made by wrapping a towel or piece of cloth around the abdomen. Call an ambulance as quickly as possible.
What to do if, with an abdominal injury, internal organs are visible through the wound.
If internal organs are visible through the wound, do not touch them and do not try to straighten them. Cover the wound with a sterile non-stick dressing. Secure the bandage lightly over the edges. The dressing should be constantly wet. To do this, lay on top of it (without pressing) another large wet bandage or towel.
Actions while waiting for the ambulance to arrive.
Do not leave the victim in private. Cover it with a light blanket, life-saving blanket or clothing to maintain body temperature to avoid the risk of hypothermia. If it is lying on a hot, cold, or damp surface, carefully place a blanket, clothing, or just newspapers under the body. As much as possible to avoid any movements in the abdominal cavity.
Check the victim’s airway, breathing and heart rate every few minutes. When waiting for an ambulance, pay attention to any changes in his condition and then report your observations to arrived doctors.
Based on the book “Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions”.