For those in distress who are deprived of emergency and emergency assistance signals, one more way has been devised to give out distress signals: an international distress code table.
International Distress Code Code, International Aviation Gesture Alarm, Universal Distress, SOS.
The code table includes generally accepted signals, which are laid out on open, clearly visible from the air places on the hillsides, glades. In different sources, the recommended signal sizes are indicated different, depending on the tastes and departmental preferences of the authors..
. In addition, this method is time-consuming enough for a person to take it only for boredom or pranks for the sake of. The essence of this signaling method is that victims, by all means available to them, try to change the natural look of the surrounding area. Large figures are burnt, trampled on the ground, artificial cuttings are cut down in the thicket.
Of course, it’s more convenient not to cut large trees, such work is too time-consuming, but, for example, to prune a low shrub at the edges of the forest or the banks of a reservoir. The size of the sign (circle, triangle, etc.) must be 20 meters or more, strip width 3 4 meters. Nearby, such a sign is almost invisible, but from a height of several hundred meters it immediately catches the eye. In general, it should be noted that in an emergency you can not be limited to setting one or two signals. The alarm system must be diverse and, so to speak, multi-stage, only then is it effective. For example, having caught glare from the signal mirror on the glass of the cockpit, the pilot will more carefully examine the area, notice the geometric figure cut in the bush.
Having gone down, he will analyze the signs of the code table and the smoke of the signal fire and, finally, he will examine the people themselves. By the way, the latter should make sure that they are clearly visible. Wear bright, preferably orange, and white clothes in the steppe, step out of the shade of trees into a sunny, open place, swing bright pieces of fabric over your head, a torch or a flashlight at night.
International Aviation Emergency Gesture Alarm.
But even better, if the disaster survivors know the international aviation emergency gesture signaling used to transmit information by pilots of search and rescue aircraft and helicopters.
bearing, note the landmarks in the indicated direction. If the victims are in an inaccessible place, some of the most experienced travelers should go to their aid. It is unacceptable to send a rescue team light without a tent, warm clothes, food. Departing rescuers should be completely autonomous, even if those in distress are a few hundred meters.
The rest (insurance group) should immediately proceed to equip the emergency camp. Set up tents, build shelters, make fires, boil water, set signal signs around the camp and in the direction of the rescue group’s movement, organize intermediate camps. If possible, it is necessary to immediately inform the rescue services, authorities and act on them according to their instructions. During the work of full-time rescuers, independent actions that are not coordinated with them are unacceptable. You can continue the route only with the permission of the relevant services after the end of the rescue operation.
Alarms, distress signals and universal ethics.
The last piece of advice is not so much about alarm technology as it is about universal ethics. Any rescue operation distracts a large number of people from their main work, exposes their lives to increased risk, not counting the large financial costs. Therefore, before deciding to give a distress signal, you need to think seven times. Any distress signal should be used only in a truly critical situation, directly threatening the life or health of people.
A few tens of kilometers to be walked, worn out legs or non-observance of the trip’s terms, I’m not talking about such mercantile reasons as the fear of being late from vacation, lost airline tickets and so on is not a reason to give an alarm and deploy large-scale rescue operations.
For the same purpose, after the successful completion of the accident, all alarms should be removed or, if this is not possible, notify local authorities, rescue services, aviators that signals (indicate which ones) are inoperative in the indicated areas. Unfortunately, there are cases when travelers have been at home for many days, and rescue teams, raised by alarm, continued to scour the area in search of victims.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.