After a long stay in the ocean, currents and winds can bring a rescue tool with victims to the coast and throw them ashore. You might think that the difficulties and dangers of swimming are behind. But it is precisely on the coast that caution should not be forgotten. Practice has shown that 90% of accidents occur during landing, especially in adverse weather conditions..
Landing from a rescue craft, how to get to land by swimming, getting out of a rescue craft ashore.
The best place to disembark from the craft is a gentle sandy beach. Foamy breakers on the surface of the water near land indicate that reefs are hiding in these places. If you feel that landing with a life-saving tool involves a risk to your life, you should swim to dry land.
means (rescue bib, vest, etc.). In case of weak excitement, you should swim ashore with the wave, keeping to its opposite slope.
When the waves reach significant sizes, you need to swim to the shore, being between the crests of the waves. When meeting with the reflected wave, it is necessary to dive under it, being facing the shore. Having emerged, try to stay in the hollow between the waves.
Coral reefs and rocky steep shores are especially dangerous for landing. To such a shore or a ridge of reefs, experts recommend swimming, holding on to the back slope of a high wave. In this case, the swimmer must take a sitting position in the water. The legs are bent at the knees, are somewhat in front and half a meter below the head. In the event of a strike against reefs or stones, it will be less dangerous, since it will have to be on its feet..
Often along the coast there are thickets of algae. In order not to get confused in them, areas rich in vegetation should be overcome by a breaststroke, keeping the body in a horizontal position. Landing in a storm in a collective rescue vehicle (boat, raft), it is necessary to take all measures so that it does not turn over. In such a situation, it is recommended that the cord of the floating anchor be thrown to the full length and scooped up with oars so that the cord is constantly in tension.
In the absence of wind, but strong surf, the crest of the wave is recommended to pass slowly. To avoid tipping the rescue tool at the time of transshipment through it. It should be remembered that when landing a nano-inflatable raft, the safest place is a transverse inflatable can. Therefore, it should accommodate sick and weakened crew members.
Escape from a rescue vehicle to shore.
The exit from the rescue equipment to the shore is recommended only when it has touched the bottom. After touching 2 people, holding overboard or the rail, go into the water and begin to drag the rescue tool to the shore. Then, in succession, all the victims of the disaster descend into the water, and the rescue equipment is dragged ashore in a safe place, cutting off the cables of the floating anchors.
After landing, rescue operations at sea end, but measures aimed at saving people’s lives continue. Meanwhile, even on solid soil under the feet, many different difficulties may arise due to the need to obtain food, search for water, etc..
Land Survival Experience after Landing.
It is enough to cite the deplorable experience of the French reporter Georges de Cohn, who in 1962 decided to experience firsthand what Robinson Crusoe had on an uninhabited island. For his experiment, he chose the deserted island of Enao in Polynesia, which once served as a place of exile for convicts, and decided to live on it all alone for a year.
The reporter took with him a large canned food, medicine, tools, as well as a radio transmitter that he could use for 5 minutes daily. The experience ended in failure. After a 4-month stay on the island, having lost 16 kg in weight, he was taken to a hospital in the Marquesas Islands. De Con admitted that he could not stand the loneliness and rescued in front of mosquitoes and sharks, who did not allow fishing.
Unlike de Kona, the 14-year-old Russian boy Sasha Barash lived on one of the uninhabited islands in the Pacific Ocean, without any food supplies, for quite a long time. In 1977, while sailing on the research boat “Burun” he was washed off overboard. Swim the boy reached a rocky patch of sushi.
The victim’s all-wealth was made up of clothes that were on him, a penknife, two large safety pins, a pencil stub, a 2-meter piece of a nylon cord and gym shoes. He ate eggs of gulls, mussels, edible wild plants. A month later, with a small guy, border guards rescued. After a safe return in a conversation with a correspondent for the Pacific Komsomolets newspaper, the young Robinson said:
“One evening, I once again recalled the islands described in the books of Jules Verne and Defoe. I suddenly felt funny. As these writers invented! None of the methods described in “The Mysterious Island” and “Robinson Crusoe” have ever been useful to me. ”.
Indeed, it is impossible to foresee all the circumstances and conditions of a person in distress ashore and give recommendations for all cases. Everyone, depending on environmental conditions, must find their own way to survive..
Based on the book Encyclopedia of Survival at Sea.