Plantain is a large (Latin Plantago major) perennial medicinal herb that grows in Europe, Asia, Africa, both the Americas and Australia. In general, almost everywhere, with the exception of the Far North.
Large plantain, Plantago major, companion, traveler, plantain, yeast, boiling grass, description, use in the treatment of diseases.
About 250 species of this plant are known. Psyllium is widespread everywhere and practically on any soil: along roads and paths, on vacant lots, meadows, in the forest, field and steppe, on the banks of rivers, reservoirs, etc. Plantain blooms from late May to late September, and ripens in August September. For medicinal purposes use leaves are collected during the flowering period, and the seeds are collected after ripening.
Dry the prepared raw materials in the sun, sprinkling with a thin layer, since when slowly drying in the shade, the leaves quickly turn black. Store in tissue or paper packaging for up to 2 years. Plantain contains a significant amount of pectin, organic acids, hydroxycinnamic acids, flavonoids, saponins, carotene, vitamin K, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), choline (vitamin B4), iridoid glycosides, a small amount of tannins and alkaloids.
decoctions from the leaves of plantain are useful for headaches, metabolic disorders, eye diseases, diabetes mellitus, neurasthenia, anemia, diseases of the gallbladder, heart failure and arrhythmia. Fresh and dry leaves are used to treat boils, burns and wounds. Plantain leaf juice is used to treat acute gastrointestinal diseases, gargle and rinse the eyes with inflammatory processes. In addition, it relieves inflammation, accelerates the release of pus from wounds and helps to heal them..
|Infusion||1 tablespoon (10 g) a spoon of fresh or dry chopped herbs per 0.25 liters. water.||Pour boiling water, insist 15 minutes, strain.||1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals. In the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system associated with the release of mucous sputum and various inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. For washing with inflammation of the eyes, as a tonic for fatigue, overwork and general weakness.|
|Decoction||2 tablespoons (20 g.) Tablespoons of fresh or dry chopped herbs per 0.25 liters. water.||Heat and boil over low heat for 15 minutes, strain after cooling.||For rinsing (with a warm solution every hour) for gum disease, toothache and throat diseases, washing and as lotions for wounds, abscesses, skin ulcers, boils and cuts.|
|Fresh and dry leaves||Required amount.||Knead well. Dry leaves pre-steam.||Knead or chew to a state of mash and juice, attach to the wound, apply a whole sheet on top and bandage it. As a hemostatic, wound healing and bactericidal agent, for bumps, cuts, abscesses, burns, nosebleeds. To reduce swelling with insect and snake bites. For toothache, chew freshly washed fresh leaves.|
|Juice||Fresh leaves in the right amount.||Rinse, scald with boiling water, knead well and squeeze through a cloth. Dilute with boiled water in a ratio of 1: 1 and boil for 2 minutes. Store no more than a day.||1 tablespoon 3 times a day 20 minutes before meals, with bronchial asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, malaria. Bury in the ear for inflammation and pain.|
Recipes of medicinal infusions and decoctions of plantain seeds.
Infusions and decoctions of plantain seeds have an expectorant effect. They are also used as a softening, enveloping agent for inflammatory processes in the stomach and intestines, and in large doses as a laxative for constipation..
|Infusion||2 tablespoons (20 g.) Tablespoons of crushed seeds per 0.25 liters. water.||Pour boiling water, insist 30 minutes.||Drink along with the seeds. It has a fixing effect in case of diarrhea or dysentery. As an expectorant for bronchitis (pre-filter).|
|Decoction||2 tablespoons (20 g.) Tablespoons of crushed seeds per 0.25 liters. water.||Heat and boil over low heat for 2 minutes, insist 30 minutes.||Take 2 tablespoons 3 times a day before meals, as a laxative for constipation.|
|Seeds||1 tablespoon (10 g) spoon of whole or crushed seeds.||Drink warm water.||At night or in the morning before meals, as a laxative for constipation.|
|Seeds||0.25 teaspoon (1.25 g) spoons of whole or crushed seeds.||Drink warm water.||3 times a day, with diarrhea of infectious and non-infectious origin.|
Contraindications for the medicinal use of plantain.
Infusions and decoctions from plantain are contraindicated in case of peptic ulcer of the intestines and stomach, increased acidity of the stomach, increased blood clotting and a tendency to thrombosis, in case of individual intolerance or allergic reaction. Long-term use of drugs from plantain can cause high blood clotting and cause a tendency to thrombosis.
The greatest amount of vitamins, biologically active substances and trace elements plantain contains in the spring. It was at this time that it was recommended to prepare a healthy fortified salad from its leaves, with the addition of a dandelion leaf..