Four-fifths of the planet’s surface is covered with water, probably the most frightening environment of all possible and the most difficult to survive. In cold water, after leaving a ship or ship, a person quickly freezes, and even in a boat the wind quickly cools the body.
Leaving a sinking ship, ship or splashed plane, acting in water or falling overboard.
Trainings on leaving a ship or ship, and on rescue in lifeboats are carried out after departure, and the evacuation process should be an established procedure. Passengers are instructed on how to use a life jacket, how to move to the location of their lifeboats and what to bring with them. Sailors on small vessels should also conduct such classes and instruct everyone on board. Life equipment may include boats, simple rafts, inflatable boats, life vests or life belts.
. If possible, grab a flashlight and grab chocolate, caramel and candy, if at hand. Do not push and scream, so as not to start a panic, orderly landing in lifeboats and on rafts or inflatable boats is ultimately faster and helps to maintain calm and presence of mind.
Do not inflate the life jacket until you leave the boat. On small vessels, a life jacket must be worn continuously. It is brightly colored and is usually equipped with a whistle, a flashlight, a signal marker, and when intended for use in warm waters, it also repels against sharks. If you need to jump overboard, first drop something floating, and then jump next to this item.
Leaving a ship or aircraft.
When leaving the ship or jumping from a splashed plane, it is important to bring all the equipment that is possible. A life jacket or belt will save a lot of energy that you will spend to stay afloat. But at sea, even without a life jacket, it is not so difficult to stay on the surface. The human body has a lower density than sea water and anyone who knows how to relax in the water is not at risk of immediately sinking. However, panic or fear makes it difficult to relax and many in this state are more difficult to swim. Without a life jacket or belt, air filling the clothes improves buoyancy is a good reason to stay in clothes despite the common advice to get rid of them.
What to do if you fell overboard a ship or ship.
If you fell overboard, your first task, besides keeping afloat, is to attract attention. The sound propagates well above the water, so screaming and splashing noise can be quite effective. Swing over the water with one hand (not two, so as not to sink) the movement will make you more noticeable. If you are in a life jacket, and you should wear it all the time on a small vessel, then it may be equipped with a whistle and a flashlight or signal cartridge, as a standard model of an inflatable life jacket of military.
Swimming in water after leaving a ship or ship.
Swim slowly and measuredly. If you are leaving a sinking ship or plane, move against the wind and at a sufficient distance from it. Avoid spilled fuel or similar substances. If there is fire on the surface, and you have to go into the water or swim in the fire, jump forward with your feet forward, swim with a breaststroke, trying to breathe in between the flames, spraying them with your hands to the sides of the head. If the fire does not occupy too large an area, it is best to bypass the flame-covered surface under water. If there is a danger of an underwater explosion during your stay in the water, then the risk of injury will be lower if you swim on your back.
When you are within sight of the coast, do not fight the ebb, relax and stay afloat, wait until it is replaced by a tide that will help to reach the earth. If the sea is too choppy to lie on your back, use the following technique. Take a vertical position in the water and take a deep breath, lower your face into the water (keeping your mouth closed), stretch your arms forward and maintain such a calm position at surface level. Relax in this position until air is needed. Raise your head above the water, moving your legs as if walking and exhale. Take another breath and return to a relaxed position..
Swimming bags as a way of salvation.
You can try to make a temporary impromptu swimming bag out of pants. Tie the bottom of the legs, throw them over your head so that they are filled with air, and keep the belt below the water level so that the air does not come out from the inside, turning the legs into inflatable swimming pillows.
Based on the book Complete Survival Guide for Extreme Situations, in the Wild, on Land and at Sea.