Listeriosis, severe infectious disease with high mortality, description, symptoms, first aid and treatment methods, prevention.

Listeriosis is a severe human disease with high mortality in the nervous form and the potential for chronic course and complications. In the wild, the causative agents of this disease circulate mainly among rodents and ticks.. 

Listeriosis, severe infectious disease with high mortality, description, symptoms, first aid and treatment methods, prevention.

However, hunting animals can also suffer from listeriosis: hares, foxes, raccoon dogs, tigers, muskrats, grouse, saigas and some others. Natural foci of listeriosis are widespread everywhere. Outbreaks may occur among domestic animals. Listeriosis affects cows, pigs, horses, sheep, goats, rabbits, geese, ducks and hens.

. Most likely infection when cutting meat and eating it in an insufficiently processed form. Infections are also possible as a result of the use of products contaminated with secretions of sick rodents, inhalation of dust with pathogenic bacteria during agricultural work.

The incubation period of listeriosis varies widely from 3 to 45 days. The clinical forms of the manifestation of the disease are diverse. The main symptoms are inflammation of the lymph nodes (cervical and submandibular) and tonsillitis. Symptoms of meningitis and encephalitis are characteristic of listeriosis of the central nervous system. Severe headaches, numbness of the neck muscles, nausea and vomiting. With this form of the disease, mortality is very high..

Vaccination against listeriosis does not exist. It is treated with tetracycline antibiotics. Preventive measures are the same as for diseases that have similar transmission routes. A sick person is not dangerous to others.

In hunting farms, in case of signs of listeriosis in animals, sick animals must be shot. Samples of organs (pieces of the liver, kidneys and spleen), as well as the corpses of small rodents, must be sent to the veterinary laboratory. When shooting skins, butchering carcasses of suspicious animals and cooking meat, extreme care must be taken.

Do not feed meat and viscera to dogs. In the event of confirmation of the epizootic of listeriosis in the hunting economy, the corpses of sick animals must be destroyed. Quarantine is usually declared, which is removed two months after the discovery of the last sick animal.

Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Petrunin V.B., Nikashina E.B., Kupriyanov F.G., Nikerov Yu.N., Rymalov I.V..

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