Loop or snare traps are portable samolins. Notable for their simplicity of manufacture and high productivity, they are widely used in commercial hunting. Loops or snares get so many animals. Starting from songbirds and the smallest four-legged and ending with the largest representatives of the hunting fauna: goose and capercaillie, bear and elk. The whole difference lies in the size, material and installation methods of the snare or trap loop.
Loop traps and snares, norn and tropic, various ways of setting loops on a hare, catching hares in loop traps with a corral.
Loop traps can be made of various threads, string, horse hair, leather, fishing line, wire, metal cable. For the purpose of camouflage, it is better to make loops for winter fishing from white materials, and for fishing along the black trophy – from dark.
Loop traps choke or hold the animal, covering its neck, limbs and, less commonly, the body or horns. All looped airplanes can be divided into two large groups. With single loops and with many loops. According to the methods of application, single looped samols can be conditionally divided into passive and active ones.
In passive action loops, the animal drags on itself when it tries to free itself from the loop. Lords of this group are widely used. At the same time, active loop loops that raise or pull the animal are less common. In accordance with the places where the loops are installed, they can be divided into burrows, tropics and trekking.
Burrow loop traps.
The fox, badger, arctic fox, ground squirrel and other animals that spend part of their life cycle in burrows can be hunted with burrows installed in holes of holes. These loop traps are made of horsehair (12-15 hairs) or soft wire. On a loop made of horsehair, put a tubular bone 3-4 cm long so that the animal could not bite the hair.
To make a loop, a wire or hair about 40-50 cm long is required. The free end of the loop-trap is tied to a peg that is stuck into the ground. When fishing for groundhogs and ground squirrels, one must remember that they can be carriers of dangerous infections. Such, for example, as the plague, and in areas where there are natural foci of dangerous infections, fishing is completely unacceptable.
Installing a loop trap or snare on a gopher.
Tropic loop traps.
Set on animal trails. Before, they caught elk, roe deer, musk deer, and bear. Currently, they are used in the fishery only for relatively small animals. Their use for catching ungulates and bears is universally prohibited. Tropic loop traps are most widely used for hare hunting. Loop hare catching is currently a very common fishing method..
Hare traps-loops, device, materials used, manufacturing, installation.
Hare loops are made of nylon cord, horse tail hair, hemp and even twisted bast. But it is best to make loops of soft metal wire with a thickness of 0.6-1.1 mm. The wire for this purpose is steel annealed, less often copper. The softer the wire, the better it is to catch hares. The wire must withstand a load of 20-25 kg.
Rope Hook Loops.
The length of the length of wire for the manufacture of one trap-loop should be equal to 1-1.5 meters. A ring with a diameter of 5-8 mm is twisted at one end of the wire. The ring is fixed not by twisting both wires together, but by twisting the short end around the main part of the wire. The other end of the wire is threaded into this ring and the loop is ready for installation.
Before fishing, all loop traps must be inspected, cleaned of rust, oil, etc. In cases where the looped wire is not strong enough, a beating hare may break it. Therefore, in such cases, double loops are made or loops are pulled upwards with an oops, an advantage – “pitchfork”.
Different ways of stitching loops on a hare.
If the loop is made of material that the hare can gnaw on, a tubular bone is put on it with a length of 8-10 cm and with an opening that allows it to slide freely along the rope. The bone is located on the side of the loop, but more often the loops of such material are made to jerk.
The diameter of the loop on the hare should be approximately 20 cm. The installed loop should not touch the snow cover. The bottom edge of the loop should be 5-10 cm above the path surface. To avoid twisting the wire with a hare caught in the loop, it is recommended to tie it to a stake, bush or tree using a string or rawhide strap threaded into a ring made for this purpose at the long end hinges.
Hare catch in loop traps.
Loop traps are set on hare paths trampled by animals during the period of deep loose snow. The hare can be caught in loop traps. In this case, it is very similar to hunting for a hare with a tropic. Hunting is as follows. The hunter enters the forest area most densely populated by hares and surrounds it with loops. Loop traps set on all available trails.
Then the hunter enters the center of the site, also exposes several loops, and begins the race. They chase hares with a ratchet and scream, passing all the most “strong” places. Thus, having circled for some time in the middle of the furnished area, the hunter goes to inspect the loop traps, which, as a rule, he removes, and at night leaves them only on safe trails.
This fishing method has major advantages. Inspection of the loops is carried out immediately after the rut, so the hares caught in the loops are not damaged by predators. The “racing” hare goes better in the loop, because with a fast run he does not notice it.
Fox and wolf loop traps.
From the practice of hunting hares with loops on trails, there are many cases where foxes and even wolves fall into the noose. However, these animals never fall into the hands of the hunter, since the hare loops are not strong enough to hold not only the wolf, but also the fox. The very fact that these animals fall into the loops suggests that the fox and the wolf can be successfully caught in loops. The fox and the wolf can be hunted using loops made of a steel cable 2-3 mm thick.
Tropic loop traps in temples.
Such loops are used for catching white and gray partridges, and other animals. To do this, take a willow or bird cherry twig, bend it and in the upper third of the bow tie two-nylon strings. These threads interfere with the straightening of the handle and at the same time with the handle and stretch.
Triple loop in the bow.
Then a loop is made from the remaining thread, the upper part of which is placed between two previously stretched threads and, thus, due to the tension of the threads, is fixed between them. A loop with a fixed loop sticks into the snow on the trail or in the gates of the hedge.
Catching quails in loop traps.
For catching quail by force, this method is used. In the field, where quails are often frequent, two shallow grooves 12-15 cm wide digging crosswise. The longer the grooves, the better. Pegs are driven in pairs on both sides, 3-5 meters apart. One of the pegs should have a cleavage at the top, into which the end of the loop with the knot is inserted, so that it holds firmly on the peg.
The loop extends across the groove between two pegs at such a height from the bottom of the groove that the quail running along the bottom of the groove gets its head into the loop. Quail love to run along such grooves and therefore often become hunter prey.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..