Loss of consciousness can occur as a result of a disease or injury affecting the functioning of the brain. Loss of consciousness is also caused by various substances. Including drugs, alcohol, certain animal poisons, carbon monoxide. If a person is motionless and does not respond to speech or touch, then he is unconscious.
Loss of consciousness, signs of what needs to be done to ensure airway patency, first aid to the victim.
Signs of loss of consciousness.
The victim does not move and does not react to the environment. Including speaking to him or shaking his shoulders.
There are traces of an event that could cause loss of consciousness. For example, a fallen stone near the victim’s head, a head injury, and more.
What to do in case of loss of consciousness.
Check the reaction of the victim to simple commands. For example: “Squeeze my hand. Now let go. ” If the victim does not respond, immediately turn him on his side and ensure that the airways are passable. Call out loud for help and send someone to call an ambulance.
Kneel next to the victim, lift the thigh nearest to you so that the knee is bent at a right angle. While supporting your thigh, straighten your farthest arm at a right angle to your body. Then place your nearest arm across the chest with your fingers to the opposite shoulder.
Raising the bent leg and the nearest shoulder by the hip, roll the victim to the side, pushing away from you. If necessary, help yourself with your knees. The victim’s upper leg should always be bent so that he does not roll over face down. The upper arm should lie across the lower arm in the elbow.
Clean the victim’s mouth from food debris or liquids so that the airways are passable. With two fingers, swipe in his mouth, but do not touch the back of the throat. If there are dentures and they are not broken, leave them in place..
Gently pull his head back, and pull his chin forward, supporting the lower jaw. The face should be turned slightly down so that the fluid flows freely from the mouth.
Ensure that the patient is breathing.
Look and feel with your hand whether the lower ribs are moving, and also listen to the sound of breathing. If there is no breathing, carefully rotate it on your back and immediately begin mechanical ventilation.
Do not leave the victim. Check for obvious injuries. In case of severe bleeding, first stop it with strong pressure through sterile (or at least clean) thickly folded gauze or other absorbent tissue. Loosen the collar and waistband. While waiting for the ambulance, carefully monitor the changes in the condition of the victim.
Cover the victim with a blanket or clothing. It is warm enough if it is cold around, and only slightly if it is hot. Check your breathing and heart rate more often and be prepared for cardiopulmonary resuscitation if necessary..
Based on the book Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions.