This is a wooden device with which you can either cook food in the field or heat or light your way. According to legend, it was seen and borrowed from the North American Indians by the colonialists of Christopher Columbus. That is why the Indian candle got its name, and now it is also called wooden primus, Swedish fire, Finnish candle and the like. The features of the manufacture and lighting of such a Finnish candle will be discussed below..
Making an Indian candle, a wooden primus, a Finnish candle, kindle and adjust the flame of an Indian candle, burning a wooden primus, description, review and test.
For such a Finnish candle, as in the photo below, with a diameter of 8 cm and a length of 10 cm, it will take about 15-20 minutes to make, and it will work for 30-35 minutes. During this time, due to good efficiency, this wooden stove can boil up to 2.5 liters of water. But in general, in such small sizes, this product is debatable and not for everybody. A diameter of 12 cm and a length of 18 cm will be much more effective for a Finnish candle. However, in this case, the dimensions were chosen based on the fact that only the Victorinox Outrider knife was available. To do something more would be possible for them, but somewhat difficult.
The type of wood from which the wooden primus will be made does not really matter. However, it should be remembered that for example a spruce or pine shoot and burn a lot of sparks, so using such a Finnish candle for heating will not be very convenient and comfortable. The birch burns well and hot, does not shoot, but its flame smokes a little, especially at the end of burning. Dry aspen, which burns with an even and colorless flame, is most suitable. In any case, in the manufacture of an Indian candle, it is necessary to use, if possible, as dry as possible, but not rotten wood.
Features of the manufacture of wooden stoves, Native American candles, Finnish candles.
The external proportions of the Finnish candles depend on the intended use, for example, for cooking, short, but thick, for lighting is long and thin, so that it is comfortable to wear. But for heating it is thick and long, it will burn for several hours. The process of making a wooden stove is very simple. First, saw off the workpiece of the desired length.
a flame height of 8-10 cm is sufficient. When using a Finnish candle as a torch, it can even be held in your hand even if it is very burning, a tree is a good heat insulator.
A small video of burning a wooden stove..
When air access is completely blocked from below the Indian candle, it goes into intensive smoldering mode, which is convenient for heating ready-made, but cooled food. In addition, the Native American candle does not have to be burned from beginning to end. As soon as the need for it disappears, it is simply extinguished by blocking the access of air simultaneously from above and below. But for example, the same wooden primus, but made in larger sizes.
Burning out gradually, the Native American candle begins to collapse, so it is important not to miss the moment. The video below shows the approximate condition after which the Native American candle self-destructs within 5-7 minutes.