Pomegranate F-1 has a long history. This transcription was adopted by the French army in 1915.
French F-1 grenade had a percussion fuse. The grenade played the role of the grenade. It’s not a problem, but it can be replaced by domestic ignore of the Koveshnikov design.
In 1939, military engineer F.I. F-1 manual fragmentation grenade, developed by the French F-1 defensive grenade, which was soon mastered in mass production.
In the F-1 grenade of the Khrameev’s construction, the body was somewhat simplified, it lost the lower window.
Grenade F-1, it is designed to defend enemy forces. It is necessary to hide it.
Initially, a fuse of the design F.V. Koveshnikov, safer and more convenient to use the French fuse. The time of deceleration of the Koveshnikov fuse was 3.5-4.5 sec.
In 1941, the designers E.M. Vincen and A.A. It is a fuse that has been developed by the Koveshnikov. In 1942, the F-1 and the RG-42 were replaced by the UZRG – “the unified fuse to the hand grenades”. This is a type of grenade. This is the mechanism of remote control. After World War II, UZRGM and UZRGM-2 have been upgraded for more than F-1 grenades.
Grenade F-1 consists of a body, a bursting charge and a fuse. The grenades are always torn apart into fragments. There is a rifled hole in the igniter. When storing, transporting and carrying a grenade, a plastic stopper was screwed into this hole. The explosive charge is filled into fragments. The corps served during the explosion. To increase the number of fragments, it was grooved. At the break, the hull gave 290 m / s. At the same time, it was simply sprayed. The reduced fragmentation area is 75 – 82 m2.
The fuse consisted of a fuse and a flammable (percussion) mechanism. There were openings for safety and security.
Fuse UZRG consisted of primer-igniter, remote composition and primer-detonator. The ignition mechanism is a mainspring, a safety ball, a safety ball, a safety ball and a safety pin. The drummer was placed inside the skeleton. Below, the drummer had a hammer, and it was a semicircular recess for the fuse-ball. The time of deceleration of the fuse of UZRG was 3.2-4.2 seconds.
F-1 grenades were stored and transferred without single plugs screwed in place. The drummer is cocked, the combat spring is compressed. It is a rule of thumb for a ballman. drummer In this position, the ball was held by a safety cap.
To load a grenade you need: take it out and take it out.
To throw a grenade you need: Take a grip on the body of the grenade; holding the lever, with your left hand, pull out the safety check; The ball caps are released and the ball is released; swing and throw a grenade.
Throwing grenades made from behind cover. Grenades were delivered to the troops in wooden boxes. In the box grenades, handles and fuses were placed separately in metal boxes. There was a knife. The number of batch of grenades, the number of batch of grenades, the number of batch of grenades, the number of batch of grenades and the year of manufacture and a danger sign. Except for wearables, were stored in the factory closure. Grenades were carried by soldiers in grenade bags. The fuses were placed in paper or clean rags. In tanks (armored personnel carriers, self-propelled artillery installations)
Grenade F-1 was widely used during the Soviet-Finnish military conflict of 1939-1940. During the Great Patriotic War, the f-1 grenade “fenush” and “lemon” are affectionately called the f-1. Typically, when conducting assault operations for f-1 grenades. The F-1 grenade has been readily used since the German soldiers were a trophy.
The plant has been carried out at plant number 254 (since 1942), 230 (Tizpribor ”), 53, a plant plant and a railway plant. Kandalaksha, central repair shops of the Forty-class NKVD, artel “Primus” (Leningrad), other domestic enterprises.
During the war, many non-core enterprises and organizations were involved in the manufacture of F-1 grenades. Criticism of the CPSU (b) of December 28, 1941, the F-1 polytechnic Institute. Total workshops were cast 11,000 buildings. 5000 raw buildings were handed over to plant No. 103, 4800 of which were machined and transferred to the Pyatiletka factory. The CPSU (b).
During the war, Leningrad enterprises mastered the production of a special use for a grenade. In 1942, at the ANIOP (“Rzhevsky landfill”), tests of this kind were carried out under the designation “PP-42” for F-1 grenades. PP-42 Grenades with fuses were launched only at the enterprises of Leningrad. These implementations were temporary. Production of grenades during the war years.
Many inventions and design proposals are associated with the F-1 grenade. In August 1942, the sergeant of the mortar battalion of the 284 infantry regiment N.K. Deryabin developed a project “flea grenades”. It was intended to defeat the enemy’s manpower. The composition of the flea grenades included: expelling charge, an F-1 grenade with the fuse removed. The height of 10-15 meters. With a parachute a grenade was used for mining. But the system Deryabina was too complicated. According to military experts, the project was not implemented.
There was a glance at the training of troops. The grenade of URG is completed with the imitator of the fuse of the UZRG.
F-1 combat grenade is colored green (from khaki to dark green). Imitation garnet black and white (vertical and horizontal) stripes. In addition, it has a hole in the bottom. Fuse color does not have a fuse. The red ring is the color of the ring. Externally, the grenade has an oval ribbed housing made of steel cast iron.
Another training cutting grenade F-1-A (57-G-7214U) 1 in January 1940. The grenade had a quarter body cut-out, instead of explosive plaster was poured. It was intended to be a combat grenade. Grenade F1-A has been used for training in the Red and Soviet armies. Grenade F-1 was widely used in 1940-1990s in various parts of the world.
Copies of the F-1 can be considered a Chinese Type 1 grenade, a Polish F-1, a Taiwanese defensive grenade, and the Chilean Mk2.
The F-1 Grenade It is impossible to follow the rules of mass production. The crushing of the hull is largely random. It can be used to ensure that it can be used for a distance of But it’s not possible to ensure that there is a specified burning time.
TTX F-1 grenades
|Mass of grenades||600 gr|
|Charge mass||60 g|
|Grenade body length||86 mm|
|Length of grenades with fuse||117 mm|
|Grenade diameter||55 mm|
|Throwing range||30 – 40 m|
|Fragragon radius||200 m|
|Moderator burning time||3.2 – 4.2 seconds|
Heck it up with it. in terms of the optimal fragmentation effect and in the versatility fuse. All these tasks are solved in technical, scientific and production levels. Thus, in the Russian Army, a RGO (hand defensive grenade) was created, largely unified with the RGN grenade (offensive hand grenade). The design of combines remote and impact mechanisms. Grenades have much greater effectiveness of fragmentation.
However, the F-1 grenade has not been removed from service for a long time. It is a simple explanation for this. It is not clear that there has been a possibility to meet the technical requirements for the production of economic costs.
Manual defensive grenade F-1