When building a fire in the rain on waterlogged soil, first of all, you should find an elevated and, therefore, more or less dry area under the fire. On moist soil it is necessary to make a flooring of stones or logs. On a very damp surface or on an embankment, such a flooring should be more capital. For example, from logs stacked on top of each other in the form of a log house, or raised on slingshots.
Methods of making a fire in the rain and on moist soil, preparing a place, using gasoline, kerosene and oils as fuel.
In principle, it is possible to use even a floating flooring in the form of a raft of 2-3 rows of logs connected by wire as a bonfire. Then it is necessary to protect the bonfire from above from rain and drops falling from tree branches. It is most reliable to place a frame-and-cloth shelter above the bonfire (tipavigam, bivouac bag, etc.) or stretch a gable canopy hut from a piece of plastic film thrown over a rope stretched between the trees, laid on a twig stick. A small piece of film can be held in outstretched arms over a bonfire.
Finally, you can cover the campfire with a cloak, a jacket, knitted from a fir spruce with a dense fan. When there is nothing at all, you can try to protect the campfire from the rain with your own body. A bonfire is laid out on the fire under the shelter protection according to the Taiga scheme (sometimes it is also called Skat, Roof, etc.). For this purpose, long logs chipped lengthwise into two halves lean against each other against a thick log lying on the floor. It turns out, as it were, a kind of a pitched roof, in which the dry layers of wood face the earth, and the bark up. The roof protects the bonfire from getting wet and at the same time plays the role of thick firewood.
(plexiglass, dry fuel) is installed on a bonfire under a log roof. If the candle is long, it is better to put it in a small hole previously dug in the ground. Small firewood is stacked above the candle with a hut. A fine kindling in this case is not needed, since it burns out very quickly and, having fallen, extinguishes the candle flame. Candle fire gradually dries the kindling and sets it on fire.
It is necessary to ensure that when building a fire in the rain, the kindling was in the upper half of the flame tongue, but did not touch the candle wick. To speed up the process of making a fire in the rain, you can also drip on the kindling of stearin from a burning candle. If there is not enough dry firewood to dry them, you can use the pyramid bonfire. To do this, above the pit, where the ignition fire is laid out, stacked logs chopped along the log. During heavy rain, it is advisable to protect such a bonfire with a fabric roof or logs stacked on top tightly fitted to each other..
It must be remembered that when building a fire in the rain, it is required to prepare kindling and dry firewood 2-3 times more than in dry weather. And be sure to protect them from rain. Explosive and combustible substances (alcohol, gasoline, gunpowder, etc.) are useless, even dangerous when building a fire in the rain. They burn instantly, not having time to dry the kindling. If the victims found gasoline or alcohol, it is necessary to impregnate with them a piece of cloth rolled up in a tight tourniquet and use it as a kindling. If circumstances required to add gasoline to the fire, it must be poured into a container and from afar and immediately splashed into the fire. Attempts to pour gasoline from a bottle into a fire may result in an explosion in her hands!
You can try to carefully fill the gunpowder into a narrow hole with a ballpoint pen, drilled in a log, bring it to the kindling and set it on fire, but people should not stand close. When using raised fires, torch-candles, PSND and other pyrotechnic means to make a bonfire in the rain, it is necessary to remember that their action is short-lived in most cases, therefore, you can only use them to kindle fire and not immediately fire wood. They just do not have time to dry wet wood. At the same time, along with kindling on a fire, thin ignition firewood should be laid on top with a hut. The area and temperature of the flame of the raised fires is much higher than that of the matches, and, by kindling the kindling, it at the same time can dry the surface of the firewood.
With the help of long-playing, more than 10 minutes, raised fires, you can immediately burn large firewood, bypassing the stage of preparation for kindling. But for this, it is necessary to cut down deep cliffs in logs and cut more chips. Keep the raised fire along the logs so that the flame covers the largest surface of the wood. For the same purpose (drying and kindling kindling), aerosol cans can be used. To do this, they must be dug in the ground in the immediate vicinity of the fire, direct the nozzle to the kindling, fix the button with a stone and substitute a torch flame under the stream.
It should be remembered that when building a fire in the rain with an aerosol spray can almost always explode. Therefore, the torch must be fixed or have at least a meter handle. Casting aluminum parts, which can be found in the structures of crashed aircraft and ships, can be useful for lighting a fire. Of the found monolithic parts, it is necessary to cut small chips and sawdust with a knife or an ax. In this form, aluminum is easily ignited and intensely, although it burns very briefly.
The use of gasoline, kerosene, oils and other flammable liquids as fuel for a fire.
In the presence of reserves of flammable liquids (fuel and lubricants) they can be used as fuel. It is only very important to merge them from the mechanisms of cars, helicopters and similar vehicles before they freeze. At the same time, used, dirty oils should not be neglected. Fuel will suit the fuel in any state. Pure gasoline for heating purposes is unsuitable and dangerous, since it burns out almost instantly, without having time to dry the kindling. But it burns well and for a long time if it soaks the sand poured into a hole dug in the ground. If the same sand is poured into a container, and then soaked in gasoline and set on fire, you get a primitive hearth.
From gasoline or kerosene mixed with soap and sawdust, it is possible to make fuel briquettes designed to light a fire in the rain. If necessary, such briquettes are kindled very quickly and are convenient enough to carry. Gasoline, impregnated with sawdust, hardly evaporates, and therefore briquettes retain their combustible properties for a very long time. In heavy rain, it is advisable to store them in airtight packaging. Technical oils can be used as fuel in a makeshift furnace.
For this, two cans are installed or suspended on an elevation, into which oil and water are poured in a 1: 3 ratio. Small holes are punched at the base of the cans, which are plugged with corks (conically planed knots). Oil and water from different cans drop by drop down the gutter onto a metal sheet, in extreme cases, a flat stone standing on a support. Under the sheet (stone) a small ignition fire is made, which heats it.
An oil-water mixture, falling on a hot sheet, becomes highly volatile and, when ignited, burns with a hot flame. Further maintenance of fire does not require firewood. The proportions of the flow of oil and water into the gutter must be maintained in such a way that 1 drop of oil falls on 2-3 drops of water. The intensity of dripping is regulated by pulling wooden corks from the cans.
In addition, oil, antifreeze, repellents, peat, which can always be found in dried swamps (just keep in mind that enhanced ventilation is necessary for burning peat), shales, coal, and animal droppings, can be used as fuel for bonfires; dry foliage, grass, moss tied in dense bunches.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Natural Conditions.