Metro is a transition from electric city to rail. But in terms of the number of passengers served per unit area, he left far both.
Metro, accidents and injuries in the metro, injuries on the escalator and metro platforms.
The most likely subway accidents and injuries associated with the inevitable crush of hundreds of people who concentrated in narrow approaches to the escalator and platforms. Indeed, in contrast to the stampede at ground transportation stops, they have nowhere to go, only walls around. This crowding is nowhere to go and is the main distinguishing feature of the metro from all other modes of transport.
and sides. But habits are important. Properly developed habits. Because, being in the same queue under conditions of a panic crush, you can, not wanting to, be carried away on the escalator, which is fraught not only with bruises. And if you stay on the side, you can return or, in extreme cases, jump onto the balustrade.
Of course, such a tactic of avoiding the main stream justifies itself only in small crowds in the subway, city transport. In large crowds flowing into narrowness, the extreme rows can be the most dangerous. As for the escalators themselves, then most of all they are dangerous in violation of the rules of movement on them. No need to try to lift the moving railing and stick your fingers in there. And then they will not tear. You should not take the escalator so that the floor of your coat does not get pinched between the steps. And don’t get up on the metal comb with the narrow heels of your newfangled shoes. A truly dangerous comb can only be for the fingers of people falling on an escalator.
It is better to carry small children on the escalator in their arms or hold by the hand, as they can be frightened by a comb that sucks the stairs, lingers on it and falling over. It is dangerous to place heavy objects on the handrail. It’s not dangerous for you, for those who climb towards you on the next escalator. Well, how does your bag, accidentally missed and stuffed with kettlebells, speed up a hill and hit someone in the head? In a situation where the escalator that has fallen from the brakes begins to self-accelerate downward, and such cases, although extremely rare, have occurred, you should climb the balustrade delimiting the stairs or jump onto the neighboring escalator.
More than escalators, crowding is dangerous for passengers standing on the edge of the platform. It is enough to get a gentle push into the body to fall under the wheels of a train that has jumped out of the tunnel. After all, the section of the platform is not fenced, the path to the rails is completely clear, and the head car of the train jumps out at speeds up to 60 km / h! No super emergency braking will help here. The vast majority of accidents in the metro just happen: someone stumbled, someone pushed someone as a joke, but did not calculate their strength, someone was simply drunk and could not correctly assess the distance, someone grabbed the air stream, someone caught in the hollow open cloak for a detail on the train body. One outcome is most often fatal.
Therefore, never try, waiting for the train to approach, to take a position in the first rows close to the cut of the platform. Even if only one person stands behind you, it is already unsafe. Suddenly he is a maniac who adores pushing gapeous passengers under the wheels of a train. Well, albeit not so gloomy, albeit just an awkward or sick person who, having stumbled, can push you. Well, if you are not the only person who is behind you, but the crowd of passengers who are afraid to skip the train, then the position as close to the rails as possible to catch the first one in the car becomes really dangerous. So you can not slip into the car, but under it.
If there are fleas at the station, for example, with a long train delay, move to the center of the station, away from the platforms. Never litter the subway! This request does not apply to the rules of good form; this request is dictated by the laws of survival. Always clean, or at least push it to the walls, if you are too lazy to bend over, potentially dangerous garbage. Or report it, as well as spilled oils, sour cream, kefir and other liquids to station attendants. And then, as if because of this watermelon peel lying on the marble floor, a great misfortune did not happen.
Never, under any circumstances, jump onto the rails, no matter what you drop there. There are already many cases when passengers died from a stick of sausage that fell out of a torn bag. Do not save you. These penny things save yourself. Metro is not even a railway track, from which at the last moment you can jump. In the subway, you will find a high platform barrier, which you are unlikely to overcome on the move, and only minute (!) Pauses between the arrival of trains. This must be a very trained person in order to have time to jump, orient, pick up a thing and climb back. The height of the platform and your physical capabilities from above are evaluated in a completely different way than from below. Height is almost always understated, and strength is exaggerated. Well, if you still find yourself on the road?
I repeat once again do not try to climb the platform yourself. Also, because the supply composition of the 800 volt contact bus passes just below it. True, it is covered with a protective casing, but there is no casing where foolishly could not stick a leg or arm. And then turn not just into mincemeat, but already into well-done mincemeat. It’s for me that it is so crudely naturalistic that it settles better in memory. Having fallen on the rails, you must immediately get up and forget about things that take precious seconds to collect, that you have the strength to run to the very beginning of the platform, to where the first cars stop. Given the short distance, planned braking of the train plus emergency braking you must be in time.
But if you heard the rumble of an approaching train and a hoot, you should immediately lie down in a deep tray, the gutter located between the rails, press as tightly as possible to its bottom and, if possible, press your outer clothing to your body so that it would not be lifted by the wind stream and would not catch on the protrusions on the bottom of the cars. The depth of the gutter is designed so that a person of average build can safely wait in it for a train passage. In the case when a person falls into the space between the cars, you must immediately signal the train driver with loud (but really full throat!) Screams or circular motions of the hand, which in the language known to metro workers means a stop command.
You can’t be afraid that they won’t notice you, until the platform is examined in the rear-view mirror, the train driver will not touch the train. But if in doubt, just in case, block the entrance doors to the car. Until they close, the train will not leave the station. At the beginning of the movement, stop the stopcock. If you turned out to be the person who fell between the wagons, make every effort to fix yourself in a hanging position, resting your feet against the walls of the wagon, clinging to any protrusions.
Being in the subway, you must:
Avoid crushing near escalators.
If a mash occurs, go to the side or jump onto the balustrade.
On escalators to hold children in their arms or by the hand.
Keep children away from the edge of the platform.
Having fallen on the way, run to the stopping point of the first cars. Or lie between the rails in the gutter and snuggle up to its bottom, letting the train pass over itself.
When a person falls between cars, you need to cry and in circular motions of the hand to warn the duty officer at the station. Or lock the doors open.
It is impossible:
On the escalator: try to raise the moving railing and put your fingers in there, sit on the escalator so that the floor of your coat does not get pinched between the stairs, stand on the comb located at the bottom of the escalator with narrow heels of shoes, put things on the railing.
Stand on the platform close to the edge.
Littering in the subway, as, slipping, a person can fall under the train.
Jump on rails if you drop something.
Exotic underground hazards include atmospheric differences mentioned in separate books when descending on an escalator and when traveling by train. Sick people who are sensitive to atmospheric fluctuations should not forget to take medicine with them and ride in medium-sized cars, since in the former and the latter, atmospheric pressure can fluctuate due to the onset of air flow.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.