Mineral substances necessary for the human body, calcium, phosphorus, iron, cobalt, zinc, copper, arsenic, vanadium, properties, what products are contained, daily requirement.

Minerals are actively involved in all processes that occur in the human body. Out of about a hundred minerals discovered on Earth, at least twenty are needed for the human body.

Mineral substances necessary for the human body, calcium, phosphorus, iron, cobalt, zinc, copper, arsenic, vanadium, properties, what products are contained, daily requirement.


It makes up about 1/4 of the entire bone tissue of the human body. It is he who takes part in the formation of bones and teeth, affects the process of blood coagulation, the excitability of the neuromuscular apparatus and the tone of the heart muscle. The most easily absorbed calcium is milk (especially goat) and dairy products, and in combination with fruits and vegetables.

In order to satisfy the daily need for calcium, it is enough to drink 500 ml of milk or eat 100 g of cheese. If you need to take a calcium pill, it is best to drink it with orange juice. After this, you must rinse your mouth.


Phosphorus is also part of the bone tissue. The daily requirement of the human body for phosphorus is 2 g (this is 2 times more than the need for calcium). It is indispensable for hard mental work. Phosphorus-calcium balance is regulated with the participation of vitamin D.

Mineral substances necessary for the human body, calcium, phosphorus, iron, cobalt, zinc, copper, arsenic, vanadium, properties, what products are contained, daily requirement.

Sources of phosphorus are cheese, meat, eggs, salmon, sardines, shrimp, soy, peanuts, walnuts, wheat, radishes. Moreover, the phosphorus contained in animal products is absorbed much better and has a beneficial effect on the state of the nervous system.


Iron is involved in the process of hematopoiesis, without it it is impossible to transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. It is iron that is part of hemoglobin. A day for the human body requires 15-20 mg of iron. The most suitable sources of iron are young turnip tops, green vegetables, mustard, watercress, kidneys, liver, egg yolk, dandelion leaves, shellfish and dried fruits. Vitamins C and B12 Improve Iron Assimilation.


Cobalt, which is an integral part of vitamin B12, is used to treat anemia. It is necessary for the formation of red blood cells, normal pancreatic activity, and regulation of adrenaline. Cobalt is found in milk, eggs, kidneys, and liver.


Zinc is part of muscle tissue and blood. It is this trace element that is the catalyst for the chemical reaction that maintains the acid balance in the body. Zinc is found in foods such as wheat bran and sprouted wheat. 15 mg of zinc per day for the human body.


Copper, like iron, is necessary to maintain a normal blood composition. It is found in sufficient quantities in rye bread, liver, milk, nuts, egg yolk. 2 mg of copper per day for the human body.


The body needs arsenic because it prevents the loss of phosphorus and regulates phosphorus metabolism. It is present in almost all animal and vegetable products, with the exception of sugar.


Vanadium increases the protective functions of the body, stimulates the movement of phagocytes that absorb pathogens and increase immunity to infections, slows down the aging process.

Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride).

Sodium chloride (sodium chloride) is one of the constituent parts of blood and tissue fluid. A day for the human body requires 8 g of sodium chloride. Instead of regular table salt, experts advise consuming salts that are part of minerals.


Potassium is necessary for the normal functioning of all muscles, including the heart muscle, it helps to remove water from the body. Sources of potassium are rye bread, potatoes, legumes, dried apricots, raisins, prunes.


Iodine is involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormone (thyroxine) and in the creation of phagocytes (patrol cells). Sources of iodine are seaweed, saltwater fish, lettuce, onions, leeks, melons.


Silica is part of the connective tissue, it is necessary to maintain skin elasticity, prevent rheumatism, atherosclerosis and other diseases. The source of silica is cucumbers, celery, dandelion leaves, leeks, radishes, milk, sunflower seeds, tomatoes, turnips, field horsetail, medunica.


Boron regulates hormonal balance, it is necessary for the growth and normal development of bones and maintaining a healthy state of cell membranes. It is boron that reduces the body’s loss of calcium.


Magnesium counteracts the occurrence of spasm, promotes the formation of bone tissue. It is found in bran, cabbage, fish.


Fluoride counteracts the development of caries. It is found in wheat, tea, honey, green onions and green leaves of cabbage.


The body needs water not only for the dissolution of substances, but also for the normal course of many metabolic reactions. Removing the end products of the body’s metabolism is also impossible without water. It is water that is one of the most important components of tissues. The average daily human need for water is 40 g per 1 kg of body weight. For example, a person weighing 70 kg per day should receive 2800 ml of fluid.

Under normal conditions, a person receives 1,500 ml of liquid with soup, compote, 3 cups of tea. In bread, cereals, pasta that a person eats, contains about 300 ml, fruits and vegetables – another 400 ml of water. Thus, in addition, it is enough to drink another 500 ml.

If it is hot outside, a person with sweat loses significantly more water than usual. Therefore, the feeling of thirst increases. To quench it, experts advise drinking water not at one time, but gradually, one or two sips after a while. It is better not to swallow water immediately, but after holding it for some time in your mouth.

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