Passenger and cruise ships always have life rafts. And trainings are held with passengers, designed to teach them to act correctly in the event of an emergency in marine conditions. However, when you go fishing at great depths on your own or travel aboard a private yacht, more serious preliminary preparation is needed to survive in a critical situation at sea.
Minimum emergency reserve for operations in marine conditions, equipping life rafts, making decisions on moving to shore.
Get to know your basic marine survival strategies in advance. In which case, you were ready to act correctly and effectively. Available, as a rule, on large vessels, emergency rafts are designed so that when they hit a water, they are automatically filled with air. On some older models you need to open the valve. But usually, while passengers are still on board, the raft is not inflated.
Shipowners, by order of which the complete sets of marine emergency reserve kits are being completed, should include in their composition all the necessary means of signaling and navigation. Medicines and essentials. Liferafts should be equipped with:
External lights that will be visible from passing ships at night.
Have torches, flares and chemical light sources.
With their help, distressed passengers will be able to actively give signals to attract the attention of pilots, as well as the crews of nearby ships. At sea level, the curvature of the Earth manifests itself at a distance of seven nautical miles, that is, about 13 km. However, in marine conditions, the rocket launcher allows you to send a signal to a height of about 300 meters. Thanks to this, pilots and sailors can see it from a very long distance.
The minimum necessary set for survival in marine conditions:
Liferaft with awning made of durable material.
External light source.
Marine Fishing Accessories.
Nets for fishing in marine conditions.
Life rafts must be equipped with oars. However, passengers cannot make decisions related to navigation if there are no trained people among them. Of course, this rule does not apply to cases when the shore is visible from the raft..
The best chance of salvation is when passengers drop anchor and stay as close to the shipwreck as possible. Indeed, from there, most likely, distress signals were sent at the last moment. And they, most likely, received the coast guard.
If the GPS device shows that the coast is within 20 kilometers, an attempt to head in his direction is quite justified. However, activate the individual emergency drive radio beacon. It transmits information about your whereabouts on the frequencies of rescue services.
Perhaps this is how you get help faster than you get to the shore yourself. In open water, devices that work with satellites are very useful. They have high accuracy, and the signals are not disturbed due to tall buildings or dense vegetation.
Based on the book Survival in the Wild and Extreme Situations. 100 key skills in the special services methodology.