You can consider – misinformation everywhere. From local, regional and city scales to global world. But it’s not a problem. Television, radio, Internet today spread disinformation to all corners of the globe. From her nowhere to hide. This is a lie.
There are 3 levels of manipulation. depth of impact on manipulated:
- thoughts, motives, values, and norms;
- It is a process that leads to the development of a special phenomenon;
- the fundamental, the fundamental
The main well-known methods of manipulation:
- Dosing information. The rest are carefully hidden. The picture of reality is distorted in one direction or another, or in general becomes incomprehensible.
- Big lie. Propaganda of Nazi Germany, J. Goebbels. He argued that it was possible, as much as possible.
- Mixing true facts with all sorts of assumptions, assumptions, hypotheses, rumors. As a result, it becomes impossible to distinguish truth from fiction.
- Time dragging It is important to keep track of your order.
- Return stroke. It is a fact that it is a question. The opponent’s press is usually a “more objective” goal in the conflict.
- Timely lie. The method consists in the reporting of information. Result. It becomes clear that it’s not a matter of course.
There are other ways.
Misinformation events can be: manipulating and distractions, whose names speak for themselves.
According to experts in the field of psychology,
- Selectivity of human perception – In our past experience. Understanding the general context, i.e. positioning information on external signs without understanding it.
- The toughest “disinformation” This object doesn’t want to see it. I’m glad you’ve been deceived by me. ” a review of their own ratings.
- A person’s belief in the significance of others. He has a degree of criticality.
It’s not always a matter of fact. .
Recently, the information technology was actively used. It is not necessary to hide “inconvenient information”. different opinions and facts.
The photomontage can rest. In the course of this process, it is possible to complete the program. For example, it’sa approach, distributing video news clips that show how much it’s been.
The “combat” application was not long in coming. After all, disinformation is actively used by opponents.
Spread rumors and myths – It is a kind of deception.
Gossip – It is a fact that it is spontaneously influenced by the public consciousness.
Experts share the rumors: expressive (on the emotional state and the emotional reactions to it) informational (according to the degree of hearing)
Here, according to the expressive characteristics of emit:
- Rumors, desires. It’s not necessary to demoralize the object of influence.
- Rumors-scared. Understand the state of anxiety.
- Dissociative aggressive rumors. This is a list of ways to break social ties.
According to the informational characteristics, rumors are completely unreliable, partially unreliable (with elements of likelihood), plausible rumors.
Depending on their goals, they are one type or another.
According to the rumors are divided into:
- Disturbing It’s not clear.
- Causing antisocial behavior among certain social groups.
- Violating social riot, panic, etc. So, on the eve of the hostilities rumors about a possible famine, provoking the pogroms of shops and warehouses.
It shows how to use it. It is a rule of thumb.
It is obvious that man’s invention is. They were invented, concentrated by journalists, controversies, researchers, philosophers, politicians and intelligence officers, and they didn’t want to spend their time.
For, for example, the methods of deception are topics of dissertations, a source of commercial advantage. Even new fashionable terms have appeared: psi effects, D-technology. Technical devices, which are connected to psychology.
Disinformation &# 8212; methods and modern practices, recognition and counteraction