Jet system of volley fire “Hurricane” Provides simultaneous destruction of 43 hectares.
Modern multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) In the period from 1941 to 1945, their famous ancestor “Katyusha” terrified the German troops and surpassed their towed installations MLRS Nebelwerfer and Wurfrahmen (were commissioned in 1940) by mobility and range of destruction. The Russian army is equipped with MLRS and their modified versions “Hail” (“Tornado-G”), “Hurricane” and “Tornado” (“Tornado-S”).
Currently jet system “Hurricane” considered one of the most famous “Hurricane” convincingly proved to be in the middle of the Middle East and Africa.
History of creation
MLRS 9K57 “Hurricane” created at the Tula Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering. In the early 1960s, a more powerful rocket artillery combat vehicle was developed in terms of fire impact and range. On the basis of the project (1964) in 1967, the creation of a high-precision rocket launcher “Hurricane” (HB-121-66) confirmed such MLRS with given characteristics.
In the second half of 1968, an advance design was developed; in 1969–1970, were refined. The project is envisaged for vehicles (ZIL-135LM) and tracked (MT-C) chassis. A variant of the TZM based on the KrAZ-253 car was also considered. To determine the types of warheads for rockets. Alexander Ganichev became the combat vehicle. In the final version MLRS “Hurricane” It has been adopted and operated since 1975. Serial rocket artillery system “Hurricane” produced GNPP “Splav” (Tula) in the period from 1975 to 1991.
Soviet 9K57 hurricane rocket launcher armored vehicles, vehicles for communication centers, warehouses, basing sites, 10 to 35 kilometers. Besides, jet system “Hurricane” can be used for continuous mining of the area using anti-personnel and anti-tank mines.
To solve these problems, the complex has combat, providing training facilities. Combat elements and means of combat support MLRS “Hurricane” include:
- Combat (BM, 9P140) and transport-charging (TZM, 9T452) vehicles;
- 220mm rockets;
- The complex of automated fire control (1B126) “Kapustnik-B”;
- Topographic survey vehicle (1T12-2M);
- Radio direction-finding meteorological complex (1B44);
- A set of special arsenal equipment and tools (9F381).
At least 42 hectares. The ZIL-135LMP (wheel formula 8×8) is an artillery unit that is located on the chassis of a four-axle, all-terrain vehicle. (5–55 degrees) and horizontal (up to 240 degrees) planes. Screws with a groove for a stable flight. (0.5 second interval), the second (after the second two seconds). In the latter case, it decreases. A four-person calculation (in peacetime) ensured that the installation carried out for 3, 1.5, and 15 minutes, respectively.
TZM (9T452) on the same wheelbase provides loading and unloading of the launcher. Recharging BM ammunition of 16 missiles produced within 15 minutes. If you are planning to reach a depth of 1.2 meters. Fuel reserve is enough for 500 kilometers.
To solve problems launcher can use missiles with different warheads:
- High explosive fragmentation (9M27F);
- Cassette (9M27K) with fragmentation combat elements;
- Incendiary (9M27S);
- Volume-detonating (9M51).
Depending on the problem being solved, their mass ranges from 89.5 to 99 kg. For the remote mining (9M27K2, 9M27K3) mines are used. For the moral and psychological impact on the enemy “Hurricane” can use a projectile (9M27D),
Artillery jet system “Hurricane” It works flawlessly at external from –40 to +50? From, winds up to 20 m / s, high humidity and dustiness at altitudes up to 3 thousand meters above sea level. It can be solved. The system is constantly being upgraded to increase combat capabilities.
Currently MLRS “Hurricane” is a standard fire system of the Russian army. In addition, there is a situation in Ukraine, the Czech Republic, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Belarus, Poland, Syria, Tajikistan. .
Combat use of the MLRS “Uragan”
The baptism of the MLRS “Uragan” and the Mujahideen called it the “Shaitan Pipe” and were very afraid. The Syria-Israel War in the early 1980s. The Chechen Republic during the 2008 Georgian-South Ossetian conflict. 2014–2015 jet system “Hurricane” The KrAZ-6322 vehicles were actively used in the battles.
High efficiency and operational reliability MLRS “Hurricane” 10-15 years.