A moonshine still, a moonshine brewer or a distiller, consists of an evaporation boiler, into which the mash is poured. As an evaporator boiler, a metal tank of 15 liters or more with a removable lid is used.
Moonshine still and distillation cube with a coil, device, principle of operation, circuit of the simplest moonshine.
There must be two threaded holes in the upper part of the boiler-evaporator (for thermometer and outlet pipe). In some cases, make a third hole for the safety valve. The thermometers used for home brewing must be liquid, with a scale of 120 degrees. The boiler can heat up over an open fire, burner, electric stove, etc..
Optimal are electric heaters, since it is easier to withstand temperature conditions with them. An oblong tube curled in the form of a spiral comes out of the top of the boiler, a capacitor (coil). The coil passes through a vessel with coolant (refrigerator). As a coolant, cold water is usually used..
Condensate formed during cooling of the vapor settles on the inner side of the coil walls and flows from the tube into a container for finished moonshine. The diameter of the tube used as a coil should be 12-15 mm. On both sides of the cooler, two fittings must be welded in for water inlet and outlet. This is very important, because the water in the refrigerator heats up quickly, which significantly impairs the vapor condensation.
Such is the device of the simplest moonshine. In addition, there are many different designs of moonshine stills. Most of them are similar and differ only in some nuances. Therefore, we will consider only the main types.
The simplest moonshine, schematic diagram of the device.
The simplest moonshine still works even without a coil tube. Its main advantage is that it can be assembled without leaving home. However, the simplest moonshine still gives low productivity moonshine. In addition, a number of other difficulties arise. The need to change water more often, the inability to re-distill moonshine, a pungent odor, and most importantly, a high content of fusel oils.
Scheme of the simplest moonshine.
During heating, vapors containing alcohol rise up, and then condense at the bottom of the pelvis and drip down, falling into the cups. A container with a braga is sealed with a basin with various putties. Below are some recipes for making putty.
Putty Recipe 1.
The flour is fried in a pan, then diluted with water to a porridge consistency and the joints are coated with this mass.
Putty Recipe 2.
Yellow wax is mixed with resin of coniferous trees in a ratio of 3: 1. This putty is especially suitable for those devices where glass parts are present.
Putty Recipe 3.
Dry clay is diluted with linseed oil to the consistency of porridge. This putty is suitable for metal and glass parts..
Putty Recipe 4.
The crushed lead oxide and fine river sand are mixed in a 2: 1 ratio and diluted with linseed oil.
All of these putties are suitable for sealing any moonshine. The moonshine still shown in the figure below differs from the previous one with two new parts, a funnel and an outlet pipe. This design is convenient, because it allows you to move the container for collecting the finished product outside the evaporator, which in turn allows you to get better moonshine.
Moonshine with funnel and outlet pipe, device.
The funnel is located in a wire basket or on a metal tripod mounted on the bottom of the vessel. The gap between the container and the refrigerator is sealed with putty. Putty should always be fresh. The fact is that in the case of too much pressure, excess vapor can escape through the cracks. If the putty is petrified, the moonshine may explode.
Moonshine made from pressure cookers are called “cast iron”. They are in most cases heated with a gas stove. They take an ordinary pressure cooker, replace the valves on the lid with plugs. There is a thermometer in one tube and a tube in another. The tube is equipped with a tap. The coil leaves the flask in a container for finished moonshine. The container for the finished moonshine is located at the bottom of a large vessel filled with cold water.
Moonshine made from pressure cooker, device.
The moonshine still shown in the figure below is more compact than the “cast iron”. This device is good in that all its parts can be purchased at a chemical supplies store. However, it has one significant drawback of low productivity..
Compact moonshine still, device.
The asbestos sieve is clamped in the tripod foot. A blocked vessel is placed on the asbestos sieve. The amount of mash in the vessel should not exceed 2/3. A hole for the thermometer is made in advance in the plug closing the vessel. On the side of the vessel there is a branch for the exit of steam alcohol, it is connected to the tube on which the crane is located. A tube connects the vessel to the refrigerator. The simplest moonshines were described above, now we turn to distillers of a more complex design.
Distillation cube with a coil, device.
Distillation cube with a coil produces up to 1 liter of moonshine per hour. There is another version of the distillation cube with a coil. Its design is much more complicated, but it is more efficient, since the mash is heated by hot steam.
Distillation cube with a coil of the first type, device.
Distillation cube with a second type coil, device.
The pipe is heated by a blowtorch or gas burner. The steam supplied through it does not lose temperature, but becomes hotter. Passing through the vessel with the brahe, the steam is saturated. If the mash splashes into the coil, stop the distillation and clean the coil. To avoid this complexity, an additional filter is installed between the tube exiting the tank and the steamer..
As such a filter, a three-liter jar with a rolled up lid is used. Two holes are made in the cover (for receiving and transmitting tubes). If the mash splashes out, it falls into this filter, and not into the steamer..
Useful tips for using the moonshine.
Do not overheat the mash, because otherwise it can splash out in the coil with ready-made moonshine.
It is recommended that the coil be cleaned regularly, because if it gets clogged, high pressure can burst the distiller..
Change the water in the cooling system as often as possible, since the colder the water, the more effective the condensation of alcohol-containing steam.
It is recommended to use running water as a coolant..
It should be borne in mind that the quality of the finished moonshine is determined not by the design of the apparatus, but by observing the preparation rules at all stages.
According to the book “Moonshine and recipes for the preparation of moonshine”.