Movement in the terrain, overcoming obstacles and swamps, preventive measures against foot wear.

There are many recommendations about what kind of walk and what kind of movement in the area are optimal. Often such recommendations, cited in various sources, are mutually contradictory. So in relation to driving on roads and flat terrain, I will limit myself to advice: go in your usual manner. 

Movement on the terrain, overcoming obstacles and swamps.

The fact that you need to raise your leg higher in the forest or steppe than you are used to on the asphalt city sidewalks and lower your foot to the ground vertically, without shuffling, you will quickly feel yourself. When moving on a slope in the forehead, the socks of the shoes should be moved apart, that is, move the herringbone. On the rise, the body leans somewhat forward, all movements are performed smoothly, without jerking. On the descent, the body deviates back, the foot is placed on the heel.

Very steep slopes are overcome by a traverse, at an angle. At the same time, the boots are cut with welts into the slope, the foot of the inner relative to the slope of the foot is turned slightly upward, external down. It should be remembered that grassy slopes wet after rain are no less slippery than snowy ones. Clay, under certain conditions, can generally turn into an almost insurmountable obstacle. Therefore, when laying the route of movement in such areas, it is better to avoid.

your backpack. In general, if the tree is thin, then it is better to cut it.

Moving through the swamps.

In search practice, one often has to deal with this kind of obstacle, like a swamp. It should be overcome with careful steps, checking the place where you are going to step. The belt of the backpack should be unfastened, the straps loosened, or even leave the backpack hanging on the same strap, as some groups of skiers do when driving on an avalanche slope. In this case, it can always be quickly reset. It is better to pack things from getting wet in polyethylene, and easily removable shoes such as boots to tie to the foot.

In numerous films and books, we are familiar with the method of moving through a swamp with a pole with a length of 2.5-3 meters. It is used to measure depth, to feel the soil, and also as a support if you do fail. However, the real need for such a pole arises only in large and deep swamps, while moving along shallow forest swamps, it is quite possible to do without it. Having failed, you should immediately throw off your backpack, take the horizontal position as far as possible, leaning on a pole with your chest, in this case, with an increase in the area of ​​the support, the pressure on the ground decreases, and further failure stops.

It should be chosen gradually, without abrupt movements, crawling out onto the pole with his stomach, getting close to a relatively strong area. Swamp patency is determined visually during the preliminary inspection. The swamp can be considered passable if it grows thick grass mixed with sedge, there is a shoot of pine and old moss. A swamp is impassable if there are puddles of water and bushes of a bush, willow, alder, birch.

Finally, it is almost impossible to go through the swamp if it is covered with reeds and grass cover floats on it. In any case, it is worthwhile to pay attention to the paths, gati, bypass routes. If there are paths, you should strictly adhere to them while driving. In winter, walking in a swamp is dangerous if only its surface layer is frozen. Remember that grassy marshes freeze better than mossy ones, and ice on the latter is usually unstable.

Night movement.

Nighttime movement in a forested area in peacetime should be seen as an extreme situation in itself. Nevertheless, in search practice it happens quite often, for example, when the intelligence group lags behind the traffic schedule for some reason and the need for her to urgently return to the base camp. In this case, when moving through thickets and along a forest road, you need to keep your left arm bent at the elbow in front of you at the height of the face, sometimes moving it from top to bottom for self-insurance from branches.

All obstacles should be overcome with extreme caution, mutually insuring each other. A more careful approach should be taken to determine the location, since at night it seems that more than what is actually passed. Before starting the movement, it is advisable not to look at bright light and a bonfire, the sensitivity of the retina to the light is significantly reduced and is fully restored only after about an hour.

The lights used to illuminate the card and lighting must be equipped with a red filter for the same reason. Sensitivity of vision can be increased by sucking a piece of sugar. In such circumstances, the trader should pay particular attention to preventing the stretching of the group and the lag of individual participants. Ideally, the trailing, guiding and commander should have radios for mutual communication.

Preventive measures for foot wear.

With long pedestrian crossings, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the legs in order to prevent namina and scuffs in time. At the first sign of wear, remove the cause and protect the rubbed area with a soft swab. Cotton wool, gauze, a cloth so as not to disturb him. You can strengthen the swab with a band-aid, but only if the wound has not yet formed on the skin. In the latter case, treat it with an antiseptic and bandage. Frequent washing of feet, dry clean socks, comfortable spacious shoes with tight lacing, the best preventive measures against abrasions.

Based on materials from the book Stalker Handbook. Alphabet of survival.
Vadim Chernobrov.

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