Mushroom cultivation at home: Substrate preparation

Bunkers with plants It can be used for all types of plants. Although it is in other articles. And today we will be able to handle – at the final stage. champignon levelingsubstrate preparation and further actions.

So. We were able to create high-quality cereal mycelium. Now you need to put it into action. The right one is extremely important. preparation of the substrate and it also has an observance of temperature and humidity.

Room preparation

If necessary, it is possible to maintain the temperature of the water and the heat level. an ordinary fan). Ultraviolet lamps will help us to achieve a relative sterility, which should be worried about beforehand. A stationary thermometer will help temperature. In addition to stationary, you shouldn’t have to check the temperature inside the substrate.

You can grow champignons in wooden boxes or on racks. Shelving allows you to more actively. The width of the boxes: length – 100 cm, width – 50 cm, and height – 25 cm. This allows you to get substrate layer at 23 cm, which is enough for mushroom cultivation.

Substrate Preparation

In this case, it should be noted. The requirements are simple – it must be nutritious, relatively homogeneous, and comfortable to prepare. Experiments have been shown that compost. And we at substrate preparation let’s focus on him. The only significant disadvantage is that the compost cannot be prepared in an enclosed space. So when mushroom cultivation in the bunker. You will have to reduce the efficiency of the soil.

Let’s say it turns out on the surface. It is better to control the sunlight and the temperature. For substrate preparation we will need it in the ratio of 20/80. And preferably horse manure. Why? It is important that it can be used for all fungi. Cow dung and chicken droppings are also less effective. Human – will not go.

In addition, it is necessary to make compost faster. For 100 kg of straw, you need 5 kg of chalk, 7 kg of gypsum, 2 kg of urea and 2 kg of superphosphate. It is a process for the growth of fungi.

First, the straw should be properly soaked – it will take a day. After that, we’ll start layering straw and dung (3-4 layers of the one and the other) on the work surface. It should not be moistened with a spray gun, and evenly distribute it. Next, mix the finished pile, then the remaining superphosphate, and only then chalk. Last mix everything and leave alone. This should be done in an open and well-ventilated space.

If everything is done correctly, it will make it possible to increase to 70 degrees Celsius. That is what we need. now we have to wait 20 days.

Organization of beds

Substrate Preparation completed, the room is ready, banks with mycelium are waiting for further action. Pasteurization and heat treatment. This is a very good idea – it takes you a little extra time, it’s already active and it’s the most common types of microorganisms. But for fidelity, you can still use the ultraviolet lamp. The compost is enough. We pour the compost into the drawers, right up to the top and the lightly tamp it down. There will be a lot of space.

Compost drops to 27-8 degrees Celsius – you can start planting. We have been able to make it out, even if we’ve taken a bit, it’s even a little bit tamper. If you’re in mycelium, it would be a monolithic piece, then you will be able to make it out. , lay mycelium there and sprinkle it with compost. Actually, everything.

What to do next?

In the first place – to monitor the temperature and humidity. In the range of 20-27 degrees Celsius, and humidity – 50-55 percent. After the 12th day, the second stage begins. The temperature can be lowered to 18-20 degrees, and the surface prepared substrate To fill up with the soil somewhere 2-3 cm. For this purpose, perfectly suitable for sandy loaf or turf with chalk. It is not necessary to moisten it periodically. It is necessary to maintain the temperature in the room at 18-20 degrees and below 90 percent. In this case, it is difficult to forget.

In a month, the first fruiting bodies will appear. Wait until it becomes a harvest. Mushrooms should not be cut, but gently twist, sprinkling the wells with the substrate. In total there will be about a total duration of 3 months. But the first 2-3 will be most abundant. After this, the process can be repeated. And yes, compost, after processing, can be used several more times. Re-processing includes re-fertilization and re-fermentation.

It can be taken up to six months. As practice shows, if everything went well, substrate preparation It is possible to get up to 12 kg.

Food extraction

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