Mushrooms have very useful properties, among which nutritional value comes first. As a food product, mushrooms are located somewhere between vegetables, fish or meat. At the same time, they are a good seasoning, especially for vegetables, potatoes and an addition to fish and meat dishes.
Mushrooms, their nutritional value, vitamins and minerals contained in mushrooms.
The mushrooms have a pleasant taste and an incomparable smell, due to the content of extractives and various enzymes in them. They then do wonders. Excite appetite, promote digestion and assimilation of food. Mushrooms are often called forest meat. Dried mushrooms, for example, are almost twice as nutritious as eggs, boiled sausages and sprats. The broth of them is even better: it is 7 times more caloric than meat, besides it is tastier and more fragrant.
, contained in food, into energy. Lack of this vitamin causes fatigue, loss of appetite, weakening of the immune system, inflammation of the nerves.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin). It gives energy and stimulates vitality, the digestion process, regulates the sugar balance in the body, fat and protein metabolism. Strengthens nerve cells, enhances vision, helps the body resist disease. With a lack of riboflavin, fatigue, sore throat, cracks in the corners of the mouth, peeling of the skin, tearing appear.
Vitamin B3 (pantothenic acid). It has anti-aging properties, promotes the removal of fat, provides detoxification of cells, plays a central role in the biochemical processes of the body, participates in the formation of the surface layer of the skin. With insufficient intake of vitamin B3, growth slows down, the body weakens, fatigue appears, and the person’s susceptibility to colds increases..
Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid). It prevents anemia, stimulates the formation of red blood cells and white blood cells and, most importantly, protects genes (hereditary information). Participates in the activities of the digestive organs, prevents the development of atherosclerosis. Folic acid deficiency can cause anemia, an upset gastrointestinal tract.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid). Participates in the creation and healing of connective tissues. Together with vitamin A, it increases the stamina of the body and protects it from infections. It blocks toxic substances in the blood, plays an important role in strengthening the gums, the functioning of the genitals, and the state of various glands. It has a detrimental effect on nascent cancer cells. Helps maintain normal blood composition and heart function. The strength of the bones and the speed of wound healing depend on it to a large extent..
It has a rejuvenating effect, activates the metabolism, favorably affects the functions of the central nervous system. The lack of this important vitamin is manifested in reduced working capacity, fatigue, a decrease in the number of red blood cells, and susceptibility to colds. Vitamin C for 4-5 months leads to death. Lack of ascorbic acid also causes inflammation and bleeding of the gums, reduces the reliability of blood vessels.
Vitamin D. Its main purpose is to promote the absorption of calcium by the body and to regulate the balance between the content of this element and phosphorus, thereby stimulating the strengthening of bone tissue and teeth. It is also necessary for blood coagulation, normal heart function and stability of the nervous system. It is believed that the normal activity of the thyroid gland depends on the same vitamin. With its deficiency, growth disorders, weakness of bones and muscles, rickets are possible.
Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid). It beneficially affects the body, stimulates its defenses, helps metabolism, protects against vitamin deficiency. It is used for the prevention and treatment of hypertension, rheumatism, atherosclerosis, strengthens the capillaries and the smallest blood vessels. It quickly nourishes nerves, making up for their losses, in stressful, crisis states. Vitamin deficiency leads to inflammation of the skin, mucous membranes of the throat.
Mineral substances contained in mushrooms.
As for the content of mineral substances in mushrooms, they are also many. They do not have the energy power of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, but human life without such additives that create a strong barrier to various ailments and strengthen the immune system is impossible. Minerals are divided into macronutrients that are found in foods in relatively large quantities (in mushrooms it is potassium, calcium, phosphorus), and micronutrients whose concentration is low (in this case, iron, iodine, cobalt, manganese, copper, selenium, zinc and some others ).
So, in terms of the presence of minerals, in general, mushrooms are superior to many fruits. There is as much copper in them as there is in cocoa or chocolate. In terms of zinc content, mushrooms hold the lead among all plant products..
Features of the nutritional use of mushrooms.
With all the advantages, especially food, mushrooms are not useful to everyone, however. Dishes from them are not suitable for people with sick kidneys, liver (hepatitis, renal failure, cholecystitis), suffering from gastrointestinal colic, metabolic disorders. It is undesirable to offer mushrooms, since they are difficult to digest in the human stomach, for children under 5 years old. Those who are older (5 to 10 years old) can be given in limited quantities..
Based on materials from the book Handbook mushroom picker.