Myocardial infarction is an acute form of coronary heart disease. It occurs when the delivery of blood to any part of the heart muscle stops. If the blood supply is disturbed for 15-20 minutes or more, the starving portion of the heart dies.
Heart attack, signs and symptoms of what to do with a heart attack, first aid for heart attack.
This site of death (necrosis) of heart cells is called myocardial infarction. The blood flow to the corresponding section of the heart muscle is disrupted if an atherosclerotic plaque located in the lumen of one of the blood vessels of the heart is destroyed by the load and a blood clot (thrombus) forms at the site of damage..
, as it can drop sharply.
To calm down, you need to drip 30-40 drops of valocordin or corvalol on a piece of sugar and let it dissolve.
Be sure to call an ambulance!
If a clinical death occurs (a person is unconscious, does not breathe, has no pulse on the carotid artery), cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be started: indirect heart massage and artificial respiration in a ratio of 30: 2.
It is important to know that a heart attack can happen during a strong physical or emotional stress, but often it develops for no apparent reason. Quite often, a heart attack occurs in the morning, after waking up, when the heart receives an increased load during the transition from night rest to daytime activity.
There are circumstances in which the risk of a heart attack is very high..
Heredity, at least one of the direct relatives, especially if the disease they started before the age of 55.
High blood cholesterol, more than 5 mmol / l or more than 200 mg / dl.
Smoking is one of the most significant risk factors..
Overweight and a sedentary lifestyle.
Increased blood pressure, more than 140/90 mm RT. Art. any age.
At the slightest suspicion of a heart attack, doctors send the person to the intensive care unit of the hospital. And the faster the better! Indeed, only during the first few hours, introducing special preparations, you can dissolve a fresh blood clot and restore blood flow in the coronary artery. And then new blood clots should be prevented..
Based on the materials of the SAI Ukrainian Medical Center for Road Safety.