The classic bait for fishing, familiar to both fish and fisherman, will of course be an earthworm. Many varieties of worms are known to be dung, red, or undergrowth, creeps, etc., which differ in size, color, habitat.
Natural bait for fishing while surviving in extreme conditions and emergency, search and production of bait for fishing, hook attachment methods.
Where to find and collect worms for bait.
In the forest, it is easiest to find worms under the trunks of fallen trees lying on the ground, under stones, piles of beautiful foliage, under dried animal droppings, in moist, shaded places with moist soil. In wetlands under the roots of birches and willows, where there is no moss. On clay and sandy shores under sod slabs, a visor hanging over the water, in places where the shore is washed with water. In kochkarniki where in the hollows between the bumps in brown rows lies an old, charming sedge.
Mayfly-pan (metal plate) as a bait for fishing.
A small, almost transparent, one-day butterfly. They can be easily caught in the evening near the reservoir with the help of an impromptu butterfly net..
May larvae or any other large beetles that can be found under old foliage, in land mixed with decayed animal droppings, under rotten trunks. The most suitable bait for fishing is young white larvae 1.5-2 cm long.
Caterpillars of various butterflies.
It should be collected on trunks, branches and foliage of trees, bushes, grass plants.
Light yellow, with a dark head, up to 1.5-2 cm long, larvae of various beetles living under the bark of dead spruce and pine trees. You can find them by tearing the bark from the tree and examining its inner surface and trunk.
Ant larvae, ant eggs.
It is easy to pick up if you open the anthill or lift a stone covering it from above, a tree trunk.
Other emergency survival bait.
In addition, in an emergency situation, any flying, jumping, crawling insects and their larvae found in the area can be used as fishing bait for fishing, the fish takes the unfamiliar bait more reluctantly. Flies, bloodworms, grasshoppers, dragonflies and their larvae, large midges, gadflies, slugs, beetles with removed chitinous cover, etc. And also: snails, cut into pieces, bivalves, small frogs, leeches, pieces of fish and fish fry , pieces of meat, crayfish, viscera of fish and crayfish, bread balls, scraps of fabric, tufts of wool, leftover food, etc..
Moreover, it was noticed that most readily the fish pecks at the bait caught in the same pond where it lives. As well as on worms and insects living on the shores overlooking this pond. They are more familiar and therefore more desirable for fish. Water bait can be obtained by wiping the bottom of the pond with a piece of cloth or by pulling ashore with a long bunch of algae bifurcated at the end of the stick, in which the larvae of dragonflies and mayfly butterflies, tadpoles, leeches, amphipods, caddis flies and other aquatic insects are likely to be found.
They live in cold running water, inside houses in the form of tubes of needles, leaves, small shells, grains of sand, plant stems (Fig. 1). Their length is 20-30 cm. You can get caddis flies by sweeping the net in the shallow water with netting or picking up bottom debris to the shore, as well as collecting from the bottom, from sunken branches, snags, grass stems.
Red lobster mosquito larvae 10 12 mm long, living in bottom silt. It is considered the best attachment for all non-predatory fish. To extract bloodworms, silt must be scooped from the bottom of the reservoir and washed in an impromptu sieve.
Mayfly larvae, fishing name grandma.
They have a dirty white color (Fig. 2), reach a length of 5 cm. They are found in rivers with a clay-clay bottom at a depth of 5 meters. The larvae that move and thereby find themselves are in a silt scooped from the bottom and spilled in a thin layer on the shore. In the water near the riverbank, among stones and vegetation, spring larvae are found, reaching a length of 20 mm. 40-50 mm dragonfly larvae (Fig. 3) are yellow-green in color, live on the bottom of stagnant ponds, buried in silt, crawl out onto the stems of plants. They can be collected early in the morning from aquatic plants or from grassy clusters pulled ashore.
Grass as a bait for fishing.
A good nozzle and bait for fishing is grass growing on the very surface of the water on stilts, stones, tree trunks that have fallen into the water (mulberry). It looks like thick hair of dark green color and fits on a hook in the form of a beard 2 4 cm long. Younger, lighter strands are usually taken for a nozzle.
Crucian carp, ide, common carp and other non-predatory fish.
Peck on the soft core of the root stem of the reed. The reed cut off to the very base is peeled off at the bottom of the peel, after which a flexible white and soft stick-core remains. It is cut into small pieces and placed in water so as not to dry. When fishing, it hooks on the hook in the same way as a worm. In addition, anglers use specially prepared grain packing for wheat, oats, barley, rye, peas, and beans as plant bait; oilcake (makukha). Undercooked potatoes, dough, semolina, millet porridge, white and black bread balls, etc..
Emergency Survival Bait.
Sea fish, in addition to the bait, which I have already listed, is caught on: Nereid (Fig. 4), which live in the bottom silt to a depth of 1 meter. When fishing, beware of scalding bristles !. Ophelia (Fig. 5) of marine worms up to 5 cm long, living in wet sand near the water. Water fleas (Fig. 6), or, as they are popularly called, amphipods that live in decaying wet algae and in shallow water. Sea cockroaches, or wood lice (Fig. 7), which can be seen in shallow water in quiet places.
On shrimp caught with an improvised net or taken from logs overgrown with algae stones. On crabs, which, if small, fit on a hook entirely, but without chitinous shell, and if large, in parts, as well as mussels and other mollusks, pieces of raw meat of marine animals, seal fat, caviar, etc..
Other ways to find and identify bait for fishing.
If you do not see any bait, make a large triangular net from improvised material and, pressing it to the bottom sand, quickly drag along the shallow water. I’m sure your net will be full of all kinds of bait. Once, by such a technique, we caught a complete bowl of fishing bait and, with its help, a half-bucket of flounder, in an absolutely seemingly lifeless shallow bank in the middle of the White Sea. More precisely, the gastronomic predilections of the fish at the time of fishing can be established by opening the first stomach of the fish caught and examining its contents. Or catch on two different baits, mounted on two hooks attached to one fishing line 10-15 cm from each other using short leashes. What kind of bait does the fish catch on that fish and catch it.
Ways to attach bait to the hook for fishing.
In fig. 8, 9, 10 depict methods of attachment to a hook of various bait: worm, caterpillars, larvae, grasshopper, frogs, mayflies, flies, mormysh, small fish.
The worm most often fits over the entire hook through the head so that a third of its body remains free and, wriggling in the water, attracts the attention of the fish. The famous fisherman and writer L.P. Sabaneev wrote: A worm, planted from the head, remains undetermined for a long time, its untapped tail plays merrily and thus attracts fish … Several worms can be hooked onto a large hook at once.
Grasshoppers need to remove the antennae and hind, hopping, legs. The bloodworm is mounted on thin small hooks under the skin behind a dark head, sometimes several at a time. Dragonfly larva skipping a hook to the head with the conclusion of the tip in the abdomen. The dragonfly itself is stuck in the trunk under the throat, and the sting is pulled out into the tail. Larvae of large beetles are pierced slightly below the head from below, the sting is released into the abdomen. Rigid elytraes are torn off of beetles, a hook is inserted behind the pectoral shield and removed in the abdomen.
Butterfly caterpillars are planted like worms from the head, holding a hook to the tail.
Flies and horseflies are planted from the head. In order to attach a piece of fish pulp to the hook, the fish must be cleaned of scales, cut on both sides along the spine, which must be removed along with the fins. Cut the rib part, finely chop and use as bait. The fish meat should be cut into pieces and put on the hook with the skin inward, meat outward.
Live bait is usually attached to the hook through the mouth and gills so that the sting protrudes from the side or from the back. For greater catchability, several hooks protruding in different parts of the body are sometimes used (Fig. 11). In case of shortage of live bait and for its longer preservation in the live form of live bait, you can not pierce, but pass the line through the gill slit so that the forend of the hook falls into his mouth and the tip protrudes outward. So that the bait fish does not come up, it is necessary to attach a sinker 20-30 cm from the hook. With such a nozzle, live bait remains alive and active for a long time, and when biting it often moves up the fishing line and remains intact (Fig. 12).
Based on the book The Great Encyclopedia of Survival in Extreme Situations.