Ochep is one of the simple active-action pitches. Loops of active action are called loops that are tightened by some kind of device. For example, a spring tree, a lever or a load tied to a loop. Therefore, active samols have an advantage over passive action ones. In snares with oches, the loops are tightened by the force of an unequal lever. Therefore, they do not have the disadvantages of samolov-springs.
Ochep for catching a hare, squirrel, arctic fox, active action aircraft, device, manufacturing, installation and guard.
An eyepiece on a hare is set on a hare path. The scull itself is a lever thrown over the branch of a tree, on the top of a short shoulder of which a cord is tied, ending in a loop. When guarding, the short arm of the lever is held in an inclined position by a loop thrown around the tip of the gatehouse and a tree knot. A fishing loop is spread over the path. A hare that has been caught tears the gatehouse and the loop pulls it up.
“VIP” on a hare, device, installation and guard.
The watch mechanism consists of a wooden hook attached to the short arm of the lever. This hook is hooked on a knot or bush by the path. He is freed from the movement of a hare caught in a loop..
Tatar ochep on a hare, device, installation and guard.
An even simpler arrangement was made on the hare, used in the Volga-Kama regions. The long shoulder of the link arm is placed on a tree knot. Pulls his hare away.
Squirrel eyelet, device, installation and guard.
Mounted on fallen trees. Squirrels often use them as a convenient road when they cross the forest in search of food. Having established such trees in the wake, the hunter guards the loops on them. Two poles are driven into a tree with the help of a pus so that their upper ends diverge slightly to the sides. Two notches are cut from the inside of the racks to install a loop tied to the gatehouse.
The free end of the wire, forming a loop at the other end, is tied to an eyepiece thrown over a stand – a flyer or a branch of a nearby tree. The canteen ends are strengthened in the notches of the racks, the loop is straightened to a width of 7-8 cm at a height of 5 cm from the tree. A squirrel running across a tree falls into a loop. Trying to free herself from her, she pulls out the gatehouse from the notches on the racks and pulls up an ochrop up.
When installing such a loop, it is necessary to take into account the ratio of squirrels to grills. If the loop is installed on a dry tree, then the stands should be made of dry branches, masking with moss the traces of an ax. If the loop is guarded on a recently fallen tree, the stands are made of fresh branches with bark, keeping small knots and needles on them.
For ochep, it is better to take an unpeeled, with knots pole from a windbreak. In the event that the branches near the growing Christmas trees do not cover the loop from skidding with snow, then a cut down young fir tree is installed above it instead of the roof.
Eyelet on the Arctic fox (Ushakov’s jaws), device, installation and warning.
Arranged the most difficult. For its installation, natural mounds, the edges of steep banks and other places where the wind blows snow are chosen. At such a place, a corridor is made of pegs driven into the ground 60-75 cm high with a width of 24 cm and a length of 65 cm. The distance between the pegs should be 1-2 cm in the middle of the fence and 3-5 at the edges. At the end, the corridor ends with two 80 cm high stakes driven into the ground.
Stakes prevent the pole from swaying in the wind. At the end of the corridor, opposite the stakes, they put a tripod 1.7 meters high, on which the pole is laid. In a wary state, its short end is between two high stakes. To protect the poles from slipping, a notch is made on it in the place with which it lies on the tripod. Its lifting force must be at least 8 kg.
At the end of the poles, a wooden gatehouse and a loop of thin metal cable, spread between the stakes of the corridor, are fixed on the twine. The bait, mounted on a guard, hooked on a stake in the back wall of the corridor, is placed 35 cm from the loop so that the latter captures the Arctic fox by the body. A guardhouse is laid in the notch of the stake corridor. A guard is holding him. Grabbing the bait, the arctic fox undoes the eyelash, and the loop pulls it up.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..