A kerosene and oil lamp was widely used at a time when there was no electricity. But today, in the event of an emergency power outage, as well as during a hike or stay in the country, you can use an oil lamp. Rarity, which was popular in ancient times, today will be difficult to find and purchase, but you can learn how to make an oil lamp with your own hands.
- How to make an oil lamp: features
- 2 DIY lamp lamp
How to make an oil lamp: features
In order for oil lamps to be effective, it is necessary to comply with certain conditions:
- Far from any oil is suitable for the wick to burn evenly and long, and also, brightly. It is necessary to choose oil intended for aromatic lamps and candles, or sewing machines, it is also good to use lamp oil. In field conditions, in the absence of other things, you can use vegetable.
- Fitylek should have a large diameter. You can even use twisted cotton.
- The tank is too wide, like a saucer, more fire-dangerous than a small one, especially when the oil lamp is ignited inside the tent.
Oil lamp do it yourself
An oil lamp with your own hands can be very useful in field conditions to illuminate the place inside the tent. However, you need to know how to make it properly.
The basis of such a lamp is oil and wick. To make a miniature oil lamp, you will need materials:
- Copper wire
- Wool thread, preferably a large thickness
- Tin cork
A thick woolen thread will act as a wick, and the thicker it is, the better. It absorbs well any substance, be it liquid or oil, lifting this substance upwards. The basis for the thread should serve as a support, which is used as a match, on which copper wires are wound in tight rings. When the match is completely wrapped with wire, it is removed from the loop. It should turn out to be a copper spiral, the end of which needs to be bent slightly to ensure stability. After this, it is necessary to wind the thread in a dense layer on the resulting spiral from bottom to top, passing it between the rings. From above, the end of the thread should remain free, it should be slightly fluffed.
Next, you need to take a tin cork, pour a small amount of oil, sufficient to wick the thread from the thread soaked them to the top. In addition to the cork, you can use any metal container in which you want to place the manufactured wick.
Another option for the manufacture of an oil lamp is to use a conventional light bulb. For this you will need:
- Old or new light bulb
- Cotton Wick
- Steel or copper wire
- Set of tools
The bulb will serve as a tank for oil with a wick. To prepare it, you need to make a hole in the base: hook the protruding contact of the lamp with pliers, pull it. After that, you need to remove from the glass bulb the black polymer around the contact and everything else that was there.
Next, you need to check the wick for suitability: set it on fire, and look at the result. If it gives loose ash, then the wick will burn well. If the fibers begin to turn into something like plastic, this wick is not suitable for an oil lamp. It is necessary to measure the necessary length of the wick, so that it is completely immersed in the flask from the lamp, looking out of it by about 1 cm.
To fill the glass flask with oil, you can use a 10 ml syringe. When the oil in the flask is over, it can always be topped up.
Wire must be made holder for the wick. To do this, using pliers, the wire is bent in the form of a spiral with a wide base. At the top of the wire, you need to make a slight rounding so that it clings to the top of the bulb from the bulb.
After the base is made, the wick is soaked in oil and lowered inside the bulb, fixing itself with a wire. If the cotton wick on the wire does not look out of the bulb about 1 cm, it will create a lot of soot. The oil lamp is ready, you just need to light the wick and make sure that you change the oil in time and tighten the wick as it burns. By the way, this lamp will be a great interior decoration. But for this it is necessary that it was located on a stand. To do this, you can use a metal hanger or a piece of copper wire, twisting it in the form of a wide spiral, and fixing a light bulb on the top with electrical tape or double-sided tape.
Another option for the manufacture of oil lamps – using a glass container and a bottom from an aluminum can. From the jar, the concave part of the bottom is cut off, in which two holes are made – for the wick and air outlet, in order to slightly reduce the buoyancy of the wick. A wick is passed through one of the holes, for example, from a bandage. It is wetted with oil, set on fire and lowered into a glass container filled with oil. It is possible to make three or four instead of one wick, but in this case you will have to make the float of the aluminum bottom more convex so that it will not be poured with oil inside the glass jar.
The advantages of the lamp inside the glass jar: the flame is not blown by the wind and protected from accidental tipping, convenient during transportation, does not require constant supervision. And the use of multiple wicks allows you to adjust the brightness and the duration of the lamp.