Going on a trip, you need to be ready for anything. Of course, KLMN and warm socks in a backpack are undoubtedly important, but … Ability to navigate the terrain?
Fighting topographical skills and survival skills.
Well, lost in the “Three Pines”? Then you will find your way to your goal.
Orientation on the Sun
And we begin, perhaps, with our irreplaceable friend – the Sun. It is worth noting that the sun is in the southern hemisphere and it is usually located in the north.
To determine exactly which hemisphere you are looking for. If you are a hemisphere, he will go there.
Drop Shadow Method
Find one meter long stick on the ground. Going out on a flat surface, stick a stick into the ground. As we can see, the stick cast a shadow.
Leave the mark at its most extreme point (X) and wait. After 15 minutes, again. The first point is a pointer to the pointer. It will be located in the north-south direction of the XY segment (AB in the picture).
Sometimes a mechanical wrist watches for a survivalist. We can clearly determine the direction from the intended route.
We’ll send you the phone number (13 hours) is formed. The line is divided by the line in half and the bottom:
O’clock we only share left angle, after – only right.
It also happens to be at night. One can easily determine the directions of the world.
For example, it is located on the right side of the sky. .
- its first quarter is located in the south until 19.00 local time;
- until 10 pm, the full moon moves southeast;
- at 4.00 she finds herself in the southwest;
- at 7 am, her last quarter moves and settles in the south.
North hemisphere. Polar star
Big and Little Bear constellation
Do not forget about such a “powerful” landmark, as the well-known North Star. From other stars, it is distinguished by constancy. He “does not change”
Throughout the night, the North Star points with a maximum error of 1.5 degrees. This is a godsend for the traveler.
It is far from it. There are stars much brighter than her.
If you’re looking for a star skyline, it’s not a bad idea. These are two so-called buckets.
It is a line between a little bear and a horse that has been bent on it. This is what we are looking for: Polaris.
This is a constellation of Cassiopeia. It is perfectly visible on the background of the Milky Way. Identification signs: Cassiopeia resembles our letter “M” or English “W”.
Conducting the straight line from the star of Cassiopeia, located on the left, the Polar Star …
The guideline for him. Already by name you can guess that this constellation indicates the South Pole.
The Southern Cross has 4 stars. Since their location is resembles a cross.
It is necessary to draw a line through the Southern Cross. This is done as follows: The South Pole will indicate the South Pole.
So, using simple methods, find the right direction. Bon Voyage! See also – Orientation on the terrain on natural objects.
Orientation on the ground by celestial objects