Overheating of the body leads to disruption of water-salt metabolism, a disruption of the functions of vital organs. The cause of overheating can be a prolonged exposure to the sun (sun, heat stroke). In this case, the central nervous system is affected..
Overheating, first emergency first aid and overheating medical assistance.
Sunstroke is exposed to people who work in the field without a hat, abuse the sun baths on the beach and make long walks in hot climates. Sunstroke can occur both during exposure to the sun and a few hours (6-8) after that.
there is blood. With more severe overheating, a severe headache occurs, blood pressure drops, body temperature can reach 40–41 degrees and above, the patient ceases to navigate in space, and then is able to lose consciousness.
First, there is an increase in breathing, then its slowdown, there is an irregularity in the movements of the chest. Pulse in severe condition is reduced. Pulmonary edema, convulsions may develop, while the patient falls into a coma. In rare cases, there are agitation and hallucinations. For young children, a rapid increase in gastrointestinal tract dysfunction in the form of vomiting and diarrhea is characteristic, and body temperature rises very quickly. The child’s face becomes aggravated, a rapid deterioration in general condition occurs, consciousness is impaired, convulsions and coma develop.
First aid for overheating.
More often it is quite enough to transfer the victim from under the sun into the shade, take off his clothes, give cool water to drink. It is recommended to apply a cold compress or ice pack to the head, in the axillary and inguinal areas of the body, to wrap the body with a sheet moistened with cold water. If the victim is in the room, it is necessary to provide him with fresh air and, if possible, give oxygen. In more severe cases, in addition to these measures, the health care provider additionally injects physiological saline (0.9% sodium chloride solution), reopoliglyukin.
When blood pressure drops and respiratory disorders appear, 1 ml of 10% caffeine solution or 1-2 ml of cordiamine is subcutaneously injected. If necessary, begin to conduct artificial respiration. If pulmonary edema develops, cardiac agents (solutions of strophanthin or korglikon in glucose solution), diuretics (furosemide) are administered intravenously. Cordiamine is administered intramuscularly. In severe cases, the patient must be taken to the intensive care unit of the hospital. If dysfunctions of vital organs are poorly expressed, then he will be hospitalized in the therapeutic department.
Based on Quick Help in Emergencies.